Elementary Particles: Building Blocks Of Matter

World Scientific
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This highly readable book uncovers the mysteries of the physics of elementary particles for a broad audience. From the familiar notions of atoms and molecules to the complex ideas of the grand unification of all the basic forces, this book allows the interested lay public to appreciate the fascinating building blocks of matter that make up our universe.Beginning with a description of the quantum nature of atoms and particles, readers are introduced to the elementary constituents of atomic nuclei: quarks. The book goes on to consider all of the important ideas in particle physics: quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics, the theory of strong interactions, the gauge theories of the weak and electromagnetic interactions, as well as the problem of mass generation. To conclude the book, the ideas of grand unification are described, and finally, some applications to astrophysics are discussed.Your guide to this exciting world is an author who, together with the originator of the idea of quarks, Murray Gell-Mann, has played an important role in the development of the theory of quantum chromodynamics and the concept of grand unification.
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Publisher
World Scientific
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Published on
Jul 12, 2005
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Pages
120
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ISBN
9789814338134
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / General
Science / Physics / General
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This content is DRM protected.
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"We can only hope that more such striking expositions will be written." — Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society
This is a systematic, covariant treatment of the classical theories of particle motion, fields, and the interaction of fields and particles. Particular attention is given to the interaction of charged particles with the electromagnetic field. The treatment throughout the book is relativistic; the author attempts, as much as possible, a coordinate free (or covariant) form of the equations both for particles and the fields. The book opens with an extensive discussion of space-time, Lorentz transformations, Lorentz-group and tensor and spinor fields. This material is essential to the understanding of many branches of theoretical physics, in particular relativistic quantum theory. Chapter II describes various relativistic forms of the fundamental problem of dynamics: describing the trajectories of particles for given external forces. The general dynamical principles to obtain the field equations and the important problems of the conservation laws are discussed in Chapter III. The second part of the book (Chapters IV-VI) is devoted to a lucid treatment of the interactions of fields and particles. Chapter IV deals with equations of motion and their solutions (the so-called Cauchy problem), focusing on the solution of field equations with Green's functions using Dirac formalism. The problem of feedback between particles and fields (radiation and radiation reaction) is taken up in Chapter V, as are questions concerning the limitations of classical field theories and classical dynamics. Dr. Barut concludes the book with an excellent exposition of the purely mechanical approach to the problem of the interactions of charged particles — the so-called action-at-a-distance formulation of electrodynamics. Problems, alternate proofs, and additional topics are included at the end of each chapter, where a useful bibliography is also provided. A general bibliography appears at the end of the book.
The Advanced Study Institute on Quantum Flavordynamics, Quantum Chromodynamics and Unified Theories was held on the campus th of the University of Colorado at Boulder from July 9 through July 27th of 1979. There has been a rapid progress in the understanding of weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions and their unification during the past few years. The purpose of the Institute was to have a group of lecturers active in these areas of research give a series of lectures on various aspects of these topics beginning at the elementary level and ending with the up-to-date developments. There were three lecturers, Professors S. Ellis, R. Field and C. H. Llewellyn Smith who covered the different but related aspects of Quantum Chromodynamics. Their lectures were well coordinated, but some overlap was inevitable. Dr. Buras gave two lectures on QCD corrections beyond the leading order. Professor D. Gross covered the nonperturbative aspects and a possible mechanism of quark confinement. At a more phenomenological level, Professor C. De Tar covered the bag models. The subject matter of electro weak interactions was covered by Professor G. Altarelli. Professor J. Wess gave six lectures on supersymmetry and supergravity. All these lectures with the exception of those of Professor D. Gross are incorporated in this volume. The contents of Professor Gross' lectures are available elsewhere and therefore only references and problems are included here. In addition to the above lectures, there were workshop-like discussion sessions.
The Standard Theory of Particle Physics describes successfully the observed strong and electroweak interactions, but it is not a final theory of physics, since many aspects are not understood: (1) How can gravity be introduced in the Standard Theory? (2) How can we understand the observed masses of the leptons and quarks as well as the flavor mixing angles? (3) Why are the masses of the neutrinos much smaller than the masses of the charged leptons? (4) Is the new boson, discovered at CERN, the Higgs boson of the Standard Theory or an excited weak boson? (5) Are there new symmetries at very high energy, e.g. a broken supersymmetry? (6) Are the leptons and quarks point-like or composite particles? (7) Are the leptons and quarks at very small distances one-dimensional objects, e.g. superstrings?

This proceedings volume comprises papers written by the invited speakers discussing the many important issues of the new physics to be discovered at the Large Hadron Collider.



Contents:PrefaceAccelerator Considerations of Large Circular Colliders (Alex Chao)Physics Potential and Motivations for a Muon Collider (Mario Greco)Pentaquarks and Possible Anomalies at LHCb (George Lafferty)Neutrino Masses and SO10 Unification (P Minkowski)Neutrino Experiments: Hierarchy, CP, CPT (Manmohan Gupta, Monika Randhawa and Mandip Singh)Constraining the Texture Mass Matrices (Gulsheen Ahuja)Rare B-Meson Decays at the Crossroads (Ahmed Ali)Exploring the Standard Model at the LHC (Brigitte Vachon)Meson/Baryon/Tetraquark Supersymmetry from Superconformal Algebra and Light-Front Holography (Stanley J Brodsky, Guy F de Téramond, Hans Günter Dosch and Cédric Lorcé)The Spin-Charge-Family Theory (Norma Susana Mankoč Borstnik)Search for Direct CP Violation in Baryonic b-Hadron Decays (C Q Geng and Y K Hsiao)New Physics and Astrophysical Neutrinos in IceCube (Atsushi Watanabe)The 750 GeV Diphoton Excess and SUSY (S Heinemeyer)Constraints on the ωπ Form Factor from Analyticity and Unitarity (B Ananthanarayan, Irinel Caprini and Bastian Kubis)Dynamical Tuning of the Initial Condition in Small Field Inflations — Can We Testify the CW Mechanism in the Universe (Satoshi Iso)Physics of Higgs Boson Family (Ngee-Pong Chang)On the Breaking of μ-τ Flavor Symmetry (Zhen-Hua Zhao)Neutrino Mass Ordering in Future Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments (Jue Zhang)Predicting the CP-Phase for Neutrinos (Eiichi Takasugi)Sum Rules for Leptons (Martin Spinrath)Composite Weak Bosons at the Large Hadron Collider (Harald Fritzsch)Searching for Composite Higgs Models at the LHC (Thomas Flacke)Gauge-Higgs EW and Grand Unification (Yutaka Hosotani)Colour Octet Extension of 2HDM (German Valencia)New Physics/Resonances in Vector Boson Scattering at the LHC (Jürgen Reuter, Wolfgang Kilian, Thorsten Ohl and Marco Sekulla)Dimensional Regularization is Generic (Kazuo Fujikawa)A De-gauging Approach to Physics Beyond the Standard Model (Chi Xiong)Extension of Standard Model in Multi-spinor Field Formalism — Visible and Dark Sectors (Ikuo S Sogami)Aspects of String Phenomenology and New Physics (I Antoniadis)Cosmological Constant vis-à-vis Dynamical Vacuum: Bold Challenging the ΛCDM (Joan Solà)
Readership: Graduates and researchers in high energy physics.
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