Fundamental Constants, The: A Mystery Of Physics

World Scientific
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The speed of light, the fine structure constant, and Newton's constant of gravity — these are just three among the many physical constants that define our picture of the world. Where do they come from? Are they constant in time and across space? In this book, physicist and author Harald Fritzsch invites the reader to explore the mystery of the fundamental constants of physics in the company of Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein, and a modern-day physicist. The conversation that the three scientists are imagined to have provides an entertaining introduction to the constants and covers topics ranging from atomic, nuclear, and particle physics to astrophysics and cosmology.
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Additional Information

Publisher
World Scientific
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Published on
Mar 2, 2009
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Pages
216
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ISBN
9789814338363
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Cosmology
Science / General
Science / Physics / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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The Standard Theory of Particle Physics describes successfully the observed strong and electroweak interactions, but it is not a final theory of physics, since many aspects are not understood: (1) How can gravity be introduced in the Standard Theory? (2) How can we understand the observed masses of the leptons and quarks as well as the flavor mixing angles? (3) Why are the masses of the neutrinos much smaller than the masses of the charged leptons? (4) Is the new boson, discovered at CERN, the Higgs boson of the Standard Theory or an excited weak boson? (5) Are there new symmetries at very high energy, e.g. a broken supersymmetry? (6) Are the leptons and quarks point-like or composite particles? (7) Are the leptons and quarks at very small distances one-dimensional objects, e.g. superstrings?

This proceedings volume comprises papers written by the invited speakers discussing the many important issues of the new physics to be discovered at the Large Hadron Collider.



Contents:PrefaceAccelerator Considerations of Large Circular Colliders (Alex Chao)Physics Potential and Motivations for a Muon Collider (Mario Greco)Pentaquarks and Possible Anomalies at LHCb (George Lafferty)Neutrino Masses and SO10 Unification (P Minkowski)Neutrino Experiments: Hierarchy, CP, CPT (Manmohan Gupta, Monika Randhawa and Mandip Singh)Constraining the Texture Mass Matrices (Gulsheen Ahuja)Rare B-Meson Decays at the Crossroads (Ahmed Ali)Exploring the Standard Model at the LHC (Brigitte Vachon)Meson/Baryon/Tetraquark Supersymmetry from Superconformal Algebra and Light-Front Holography (Stanley J Brodsky, Guy F de Téramond, Hans Günter Dosch and Cédric Lorcé)The Spin-Charge-Family Theory (Norma Susana Mankoč Borstnik)Search for Direct CP Violation in Baryonic b-Hadron Decays (C Q Geng and Y K Hsiao)New Physics and Astrophysical Neutrinos in IceCube (Atsushi Watanabe)The 750 GeV Diphoton Excess and SUSY (S Heinemeyer)Constraints on the ωπ Form Factor from Analyticity and Unitarity (B Ananthanarayan, Irinel Caprini and Bastian Kubis)Dynamical Tuning of the Initial Condition in Small Field Inflations — Can We Testify the CW Mechanism in the Universe (Satoshi Iso)Physics of Higgs Boson Family (Ngee-Pong Chang)On the Breaking of μ-τ Flavor Symmetry (Zhen-Hua Zhao)Neutrino Mass Ordering in Future Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments (Jue Zhang)Predicting the CP-Phase for Neutrinos (Eiichi Takasugi)Sum Rules for Leptons (Martin Spinrath)Composite Weak Bosons at the Large Hadron Collider (Harald Fritzsch)Searching for Composite Higgs Models at the LHC (Thomas Flacke)Gauge-Higgs EW and Grand Unification (Yutaka Hosotani)Colour Octet Extension of 2HDM (German Valencia)New Physics/Resonances in Vector Boson Scattering at the LHC (Jürgen Reuter, Wolfgang Kilian, Thorsten Ohl and Marco Sekulla)Dimensional Regularization is Generic (Kazuo Fujikawa)A De-gauging Approach to Physics Beyond the Standard Model (Chi Xiong)Extension of Standard Model in Multi-spinor Field Formalism — Visible and Dark Sectors (Ikuo S Sogami)Aspects of String Phenomenology and New Physics (I Antoniadis)Cosmological Constant vis-à-vis Dynamical Vacuum: Bold Challenging the ΛCDM (Joan Solà)
Readership: Graduates and researchers in high energy physics.
#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • The world-famous cosmologist and author of A Brief History of Time leaves us with his final thoughts on the biggest questions facing humankind.

“Hawking’s parting gift to humanity . . . a book every thinking person worried about humanity’s future should read.”—NPR

NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY Forbes • The Guardian • Wired

Stephen Hawking was the most renowned scientist since Einstein, known both for his groundbreaking work in physics and cosmology and for his mischievous sense of humor. He educated millions of readers about the origins of the universe and the nature of black holes, and inspired millions more by defying a terrifying early prognosis of ALS, which originally gave him only two years to live. In later life he could communicate only by using a few facial muscles, but he continued to advance his field and serve as a revered voice on social and humanitarian issues.

Hawking not only unraveled some of the universe’s greatest mysteries but also believed science plays a critical role in fixing problems here on Earth. Now, as we face immense challenges on our planet—including climate change, the threat of nuclear war, and the development of artificial intelligence—he turns his attention to the most urgent issues facing us.

Will humanity survive? Should we colonize space? Does God exist? ​​These are just a few of the questions Hawking addresses in this wide-ranging, passionately argued final book from one of the greatest minds in history.

Featuring a foreword by Eddie Redmayne, who won an Oscar playing Stephen Hawking, an introduction by Nobel Laureate Kip Thorne, and an afterword from Hawking’s daughter, Lucy, Brief Answers to the Big Questions is a brilliant last message to the world.

Praise for Brief Answers to the Big Questions

“[Hawking is] a symbol of the soaring power of the human mind.”—The Washington Post

“Hawking’s final message to readers . . . is a hopeful one.”—CNN

“Brisk, lucid peeks into the future of science and of humanity.”—The Wall Street Journal

“Hawking pulls no punches on subjects like machines taking over, the biggest threat to Earth, and the possibilities of intelligent life in space.”—Quartz

“Effortlessly instructive, absorbing, up to the minute and—where it matters—witty.”—The Guardian

“This beautiful little book is a fitting last twinkle from a new star in the firmament above.”—The Telegraph
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