A árvore de Gernika: Um estudo de campo da guerra moderna

Editora Companhia das Letras

O relato definitivo sobre a Guerra Civil Espanhola que inspirou a obra-prima de Pablo Picasso, Guernica. Em julho de 1936, o general Francisco Franco liderou uma revolta conservadora contra o governo de esquerda da República da Espanha. O levante durou até abril de 1939 e esteve na origem da guerra Civil Espanhola, um dos mais sangrentos conflitos civis do século XX. Publicado em forma de livro em 1938, A árvore de Gernika é um relato dessa guerra. Combatendo ao lado dos Bascos, o jornalista G. L. Steer acompanhou no front os lances decisivos da batalha vencida pelo general Francisco Franco. Seu texto sobre a destruição da cidade de Guernica, publicado na imprensa na época e presente neste livro, inspirou o artista Pablo Picasso a pintar a obra-prima homônima e despertou o mundo para as atrocidades do conflito.
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About the author

G. L. Steer (1909-1944) foi um dos maiores correspondentes de guerra do século XX. Nascido na África do Sul, formou-se em Oxford e mudou-se para a Etiópia em 1935, onde escreveu três livros sobre a invasão italiana ao país. A árvore de Gernika, sobre a Guerra Civil Espanhola, é sua obra mais importante. Steer morreu aos 35 anos num acidente quando servia o exército inglês na Índia, em 1944.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Editora Companhia das Letras
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Published on
Feb 24, 2017
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Pages
528
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ISBN
9788543808475
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Language
Portuguese
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Genres
History / Europe / Spain & Portugal
History / Military / Wars & Conflicts (Other)
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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The Tree of Gernika: a Field Study of Modern War was published in 1938. It is G. L. Steer's masterpiece. Martha Gellhorn famously wrote to Eleanor Roosevelt:

'You must read a book by a man names Steer: it is called The Tree of Gernika. It is about the fight of the Basques - he's the London Times man - and no better book has come out of the war and he says well all the things I have tried to say to you the times I saw you, after Spain. It is beautifully written and true, and few books are like that, and fewer still deal with war. Pleas get it.'

As Paul Preston says in his We Saw Spain Die, 'Martha Gellhorn's judgement has more than stood the test of time.'

In his introduction, Nick Rankin writes.' The Tree of Gernika tells how Euzkadi, the democratic republic that the Basques created in their green homeland by the Bay of Biscay, fought for freedom and decency in an atrocious civil war. After a year of struggle, blockaded by sea, bombed from the air, fighting against overwhelming odds in their own hill, the Basques in the end lost to Franco's forces - but they lost honourably, without resorting to murder, torture and treachery.'

It was Steer who alerted the world to the destruction of Gernika (Basque spelling), Guernica (Spanish spelling). It was the most important dispatch of his life, run by both The Times and The New York Times.

Nick Rankin rightly describes The Tree of Gernika as 'a masterpiece of narrative history and eyewitness reporting by someone close to the key events . . .'

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