Readership: Research scientists and graduate students of high energy physics and nuclear physics.
Special attention is given to the realization of symmetries in particle physics: global and local symmetries, explicit, spontaneously broken, and anomalous continuous symmetries, as well as discrete symmetries. Beyond providing an overview of the standard model of the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions and the current understanding of the origin of mass, the text enumerates the general features of renormalization theory as well as providing a cursory description of effective field theories and the problem of naturalness in physics. Among the more advanced topics the reader will find are an outline of the first principles derivation of the CPT theorem and the spin-statistics connection.
As indicated by the title, the main aim of this text is to motivate the reader to study QFT by providing a self-contained and approachable introduction to the most exciting and challenging aspects of this successful theoretical framework.
Quantum field theory experienced a renaissance in the late 1960s. Here, participants in the Les Houches sessions of 1970/75, now key players in quantum field theory and its many impacts, assess developments in their field of interest and provide guidance to young researchers challenged by these developments, but overwhelmed by their complexities.
The book is not a textbook on string theory, rather it is a complement to Polchinski's book on string theory. It is a survey of current problems which have their origin in quantum field theory.
The chapters are tied together by thoughtful commentaries which provide a background and the illumination of hindsight — together they form a clear and coherent picture of the physical and theoretical importance of gauge theories and the gauge principle. This book is ideal for students and researchers.
Gerard 't Hooft is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Utrecht, The Netherlands. He has taught at Harvard, SLAC and Caltech prior to his present position. Other distinguished honors include being awarded the Dannie Heineman Prize, the Honorary Doctorate of Science from the University of Chicago, Wolf Prize of the State of Israel, Pius XI Medal (Vatican), and the Lorentz Medal (KNAW, Amsterdam).
Contents:Renormalization of Gauge TheoriesThe Renormalization GroupExtended ObjectsInstantonsPlanar DiagramsQuark ConfinementQuantum Gravity and Black HolesEpilogue
Readership: Theoretical physicists.
keywords:Gauge Theories;Renormalization;Renormalization Group;Magnetic Monopole;Feynman Diagrams;Instantons;Planar Diagrams;Quark Confinement;Quantum Gravity;Unified Field Theories;Dimensional Renormalization
“This volume collects a series of important contributions due to 't Hooft. What makes the book particularly valuable is the fact that it contains many conference contributions and lecture notes, which are not easily available today (in some cases even previously unpublished ones), including that all-time classic “Diagrammar” (written together with M Veltman [CERN Rep. 73-9, 1973; per bibl.]). Each chapter is prefaced by an introduction by 't Hooft, allowing the reader to share the penetrating insights of one of the deepest thinkers in present-day elementary particle theory.”Mathematical Reviews
The University of Bologna and its Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics and the Italian Physical Society, celebrated in 1998 the bicentenary of a great pioneer in the field of electric phenomena — Luigi Galvani, the father of macroelectricity. During these two centuries, the physics of electric phenomena has given rise first to the Maxwell equations, then to quantum electrodynamics, and finally to the synthesis of all reproducible phenomena, the “Standard Model”. A cornerstone of the Standard Model is quantum chromodynamics (QCD), which describes the interaction between quarks and gluons in the innermost part of the structure of matter.
The discovery of QCD will be recalled in the future as one of the greatest achievements of mankind. Many physicists, the world over, have contributed to its creation on both the experimental and the theoretical front. Professor Antonino Zichichi has played an important role in this scientific venture, as documented by his works which are reproduced in this invaluable volume.
One of the founders of European physics, Professor Victor F Weisskopf, contributes with his memories of the time when QCD had many problems. This volume owes its existence to a founding father of QCD, Professor Vladimir N Gribov, whose sudden demise prevented him from directly contributing to its final edition. Two world leaders in subnuclear theoretical physics, Professors Gerardus 't Hooft and Gabriele Veneziano, illustrate the significance of the contributions of Antonino Zichichi in QCD.
Contents:Preface (O Barnabei et al.)Introduction (L N Lipatov)Three Problems Facing QCD (V F Weisskopf)The Creation of Quantum Chromodynamics (G 't Hooft)The Effective Energy and the Universality Features in QCD Processes (G Veneziano)
Readership: High energy and mathematical physicists.
Keywords:Quantum Chromodynamics;Effective Energy;Standard Model;Quarks;Gluons