An Essay on Privateers, Captures, and Particularly on Recaptures: According to the Laws, Treaties, and Usages of the Maritime Powers of Europe

The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
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Martens, [Georg Friedrich von]. An Essay on Privateers, Captures, and Particularly on Recaptures, According to the Laws, Treaties, and Usages of the Maritime Powers of Europe. To Which is Subjoined, A Discourse, In Which the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers are Briefly Stated. Translated From the French, With Notes by Thomas Hartwell Horne. London: Printed for E. and R. Brooke, and J. Rider, 1801. xx, 240, [4] pp. Reprinted 2004 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-401-0. Cloth. $95. * Reprint of the first English edition. The Discourse is an extract from the author's Summary of the Modern Law of the Nations of Europe (1789). Martens [1756-1821] was a German diplomat and jurist who published several important treatises on international law. Like Bynkershoeck and Moser, Martens rejected the idea that international law derived from God or nature. Instead, it is an acquired behavior practiced by civilized states. This perspective informs his Essay on Privateers, which was one of the first books on the subject. A model of rational organization, it reduces its subject to a system grounded in a set of clear principles.
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Publisher
The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
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Published on
Dec 31, 2004
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Pages
240
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ISBN
9781584774013
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Law / Commercial / International Trade
Law / Legal History
Law / Maritime
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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History of customs broker examinations from April 2007 through October 2016 is available in one single volume.   The value of the book is in annotations that are attributed to questions, as well as, a convenient single source document for the past customs broker exam questions. As prospective customs broker examinees prepare for exam by practicing questions from the past, many encounter questions that are outdated and/or no longer applicable. This book applies labels to those questions that are no longer applicable, allowing examinees to focus on questions that are current. Additionally, the book distinguishes questions that stand out because they continuously show up on customs broker exams.

This book also guides examinees to other study material that explores background and reasoning behind questions in more detail. Other study materials include Textbook and Exercise Book. More information about these study companions is available at their dedicated webpages.

Applicable Labels Include:

DIFFICULT LOGIC: Denotes question where logical parallels between question and answer provided by customs examiners are difficult to establish.

DISCUSSED IN EXERCISE BOOK: Denotes question that is addressed in the Exercise Book, which offers logical explanations (reasoning) as to why the particular answer choice is correct.

ASSIGNED IN TEXTBOOK: Denotes that the question has been discussed in the Textbook.  The question is usually assigned in the Web Supplement portion of the Textbook’s relevant chapter. The question can also form a part of Textbook’s substantive discussion.

INCORRECT CITATION: Denotes error in citation (usually to law or regulation) provided by customs examiners in the answer key for a given question. May also denote error in the answer choice, where legal citation was correct.

MULTIPLE ANSWER QUESTION: Denotes the question with more than one correct answer choice. This label also pertains to questions that received credit(s) for all of the answers, unless these answer choices are contradictory (see REMOVED).

OUTDATED: Denotes question or answer choices that became outdated due to changes in law, facts, or Customs (CBP) practice.  Classification questions where one or more of the HTSUS numbers in the answer choice are no longer valid are marked as outdated, notwithstanding the validity of other HTSUS numbers.  This is done because many classification questions require inquiry into several HTSUS codes (e.g. General Rule of Interpretation 3 analysis), which cannot be effectively made with some of the HTSUS numbers being no longer valid. Additionally, process of elimination is difficult with outdated HTSUS numbers.

REMOVED: Denotes question that was removed from the initial examination. This label also applies to questions that are marked as “x” or “no correct answer” by customs examiners. If customs examiners grant credit for all answers, and answer choices are contradictory, then this label is applied also.

REPEATED QUESTION: Denotes question that appeared in previous examinations.  The goal of this label is to alert prospective examinees that customs examiners place higher value on the question, implying its likelihood of re-appearance on the future exams.

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