A Matter of Degrees: What Temperature Reveals about the Past and Future of Our Species, Planet, and Universe

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In a wonderful synthesis of science, history, and imagination, Gino Segrè, an internationally renowned theoretical physicist, embarks on a wide-ranging exploration of how the fundamental scientific concept of temperature is bound up with the very essence of both life and matter. Why is the internal temperature of most mammals fixed near 98.6°? How do geologists use temperature to track the history of our planet? Why is the quest for absolute zero and its quantum mechanical significance the key to understanding superconductivity? And what can we learn from neutrinos, the subatomic "messages from the sun" that may hold the key to understanding the birth-and death-of our solar system? In answering these and hundreds of other temperature-sensitive questions, Segrè presents an uncanny view of the world around us.
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About the author

Gino Segrè is professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Pennsylvania. An internationally renowned expert in high-energy elementary-particle theoretical physics, Segrè has served as director of Theoretical Physics at the National Science Foundation and received awards from the National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the Guggenheim Foundation. This is his first book.
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Reviews

4.0
3 total
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Additional Information

Publisher
Penguin
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Published on
Jul 1, 2003
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Pages
320
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ISBN
9781101640173
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Features
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Life Sciences / Biophysics
Science / Mechanics / Thermodynamics
Science / Physics / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Pradeep Ahuja
This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria.

At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants.

key Features

 Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.

 Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.

 Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered.

The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals.

The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.
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