This book offers six studies that analyze the effect that medium- and large-scale mines have on local communities. Each study evaluates the impact of the economic, social, cultural, and environmental ramifications of these mining operations on their respective communities. Their primary goal is to examine the costs and benefits of the mining operations. This book places strong emphasis on the sustainability of any benefits received by these communities.
This book presents modern log interpretation simply and concisely for the geologist, petrophysicist, reservoir engineer, and production engineer familiar with rock properties but inexperienced with logs. It helps you specify good logging programs with up-to-date tools and interpret zones of interest with the latest techniques. You will also become familiar with computer-processed logs generated by the service companies at the wellsite and office.
The general manager of the Drilling Research Institute in the UK, and author of Shell Bapetco's in-house official drilling manual and Practical Well Planning and Drilling Manual (Penn Well, 1998) introduces non-engineer industry professionals and freshmen-level petroleum engineering students to both on- and off-shore drilling operations. He covers the entire drilling process from basic geology to management issues such as costs, regulations, safety and environmental issues, and solutions to problems. Chapters include glossaries, and b&w photos and diagrams of drilling equipment. Unlike the title page, the CiP and front and back covers list the title as Drilling Technology in Nontechnical Language.
Coalcracker Culture traces the evolution of a distinct regional culture in the anthracite coal fields of Pennsylvania. The study begins by establishing the region s industrial and social contexts. With a handful of companies controlling over ninety percent of total production, the anthracite industry was one of the most formidable cartels in American history. Overcapitalization, first in the form of excess plant and, later, as a large bonded debt, forced the cartel to maintain low labor costs and high profit margins. It secured the surplus of workers required by its labor policy by recruiting immigrants; as many as twenty-six languages were spoken in the area at one time. As a result, coal region society fractured as each ethnic group strove to preserve its identity and project its influence in the larger community. Recognizing that work provided a diverse population with its only shared set of experiences, Aurand traces the development of anthracite deep mining. He discovers that despite technological innovations, the anthracite miner remained a tool user and retained control of his behavior on the job. But the consequences of mining were brutal; in a very real sense the miner traded his life for a job. The industry s labor policy funded a precarious standard of living. Aurand then turns his attention to the values fostered by the work of deep mining anthracite. He finds that miners valued the sense of freedom and accomplishment derived from their job. But the price of occupational freedom, physical destruction either quickly by accident or through the slow suffocation of black lung, was steep. Mine workers valued physical toughness for it alone permitted them to cope with their strenuous and dangerous work. The knowledge that they traded their lives for a job generated an overarching fear of losing their income. The prospect of a sudden loss of income encouraged the development of a communitywide support network that was governed by the principle of reciprocity. Focused upon their individual needs, however, they tolerated cheating within the reciprocal relationship. Exploited, they developed a mistrust of others. They internalized numerous allegations of their inferiority while compensating for it by celebrating the overly macho male who never tolerated an insult. Today that culture is widely celebrated. A number of sites about da region as the anthracite coal fields are fondly called can be found on the World Wide Web. Local historical societies and museums are being formed in unprecedented numbers. Books and poetry expound upon the region and its culture. The celebration, however, seems to be a nostalgic attempt to hold on to what is quickly passing, for the very basis of that culture deep mining has ceased to exist for all practical purposes."
This concise technical handbook, written to aid drilling engineers and drilling supervisors in underbalanced drilling (UBD) operations, includes detailed calculations. In fact, readers can easily code the mathematical models presented in this book and build their own UBD simulators in spreadsheet programs. Guo and Ghalambor cover much needed information on the applications for drilling water wells, mine boreholes, geotechnical boreholes, and oil and gas recovery wells by providing illustrative examples throughout the text. Further, they include a complete set of engineering charts with a thorough description of theory and principles. Contents: Underbalanced drilling basics Air, gas, mist, and unstable foam drilling Stable foam drilling Aerated liquid drilling Selecting compressor units Field applications Appendices (Required air flow rates for air drilling vertical holes; required gas flow rates for gas drilling vertical holes; required air flow rates for air drilling deviated holes).
This text is the most comprehensive and authoritative text avaliable on the business, engineering, and technology of this multi-billion dollar industry. Readers will find extensive coverage of all aspects of deepwater operations - including historic background and outlook to future deepwater operations. The authors compare and contrast offshore operations to the shelf and onshore operations throughout the text. Contents: List of illustrations Foreword Introduction List of acronyms A century getting ready Letting go of the past Exploring the deep water Drilling and completing wells Development systems Fixed structures Floating production systems Subsea systems Topsides Pipelines, flowlines, and risers Technology and the third wave Index.
The most comprehensive upstream petroleum dictionary ever published. More than 20,000 definitions of words, phrases and abbreviations used in exploration, drilling and production with more than 500 illustrations. Definitions are written for use by both nontechnical and technical readers. Extensive appendices that include charts of drilling rigs and a beam pumper, giant oil and gas fields, United States and Canada geological features, sandstone and limestone classifications, drillstem test symbols, drilling and completion records, and many more.
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