Cultures and Globalization: Heritage, Memory and Identity

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'This volume of one of the most comprehensive in the field. Its three themes are critical for the study of culture and globalization with its condensation of space, time and memory. Exploring the intersection between these three processes, the essays are learned, deeply researched and insightful, and the comparative range is impressive. The volume is certain to become a standard reference text for scholars and the general reader alike' - Professor Stuart Hall, Emeritus Professor of Sociology, The Open University

Heritage, memory and identity are closely connected keywords of our time, each endowed with considerable rhetorical power. Different human groups define certain objects and practices as 'heritage'; they envision heritage to reflect some form of collective memory, either lived or imagined; and they combine both to construct cultural identities. Today, the three terms raise conjoined issues of practice, policy and politics in an increasingly globalized world.

Bringing together a truly global range of scholars, this volume explores heritage, memory and identity through a diverse set of subjects, including heritage sites, practices of memorialization, museums, sites of contestation, and human rights.

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About the author

Helmut K. Anheier, PhD, is President and Dean at the Hertie School of Governance, and holds a chair of sociology at Heidelberg University. He received his PhD from Yale University in 1986, was a senior researcher at John Hopkins School of Public Policy, Professor of Public Policy and Social Welfare at UCLA's Luskin School of Public Affairs, and Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics. Professor Anheier founded and directed the Centre for Civil Society at LSE, the Center for Civil Society at UCLA, and the Center for Social Investment at Heidelberg. Before embarking on an academic career, he served as social affairs officer to the United Nations.

He is author of over 400 publications, and won various international prizes and recognitions for his scholarship. Amongst his recent book publications are Nonprofit Organizations - Theory, Management, Policy (London: Routledge, 2014), A Versatile American Institution: The Changing Ideals and Realities of Philanthropic Foundations with David Hammack (Washington, DC: Brookings, 2013) and The Global Studies Encyclopedia with Mark Juergensmeyer (5 vols, Sage, 2012). He is the principal academic lead of the Hertie School ́s annual Governance Report (Oxford University Press, 2013-), and currently working on projects relating to indicator research, social innovation, and success and failure in philanthropy.

Yudhishthir Raj Isar is an independent analyst, advisor and public speaker who straddles different worlds of cultural theory, experience and practice. He is Professor of Cultural Policy Studies at The American University of Paris and Adjunct Professor at the Institute for Culture and Society, University of Western Sydney. He has also been maître de conference at Sciences Po, Paris. Professor Isar is co-editor of the Cultures and Globalization Series (SAGE). He is a trustee of civil society cultural organisations and consultant to international organisations and foundations and Past President of Culture Action Europe. Earlier, at UNESCO, where he served from 1973 to 2002, he was notably Executive Secretary of the World Commission on Culture and Development and Director of the International Fund for the Promotion of Culture.

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Apr 6, 2011
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Social Science / Anthropology / Cultural & Social
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Helmut K Anheier
'Even though current public interest and engagement in issues of global violence are the results of terribly tragic and disturbing events, it is good that these matters are receiving widespread attention. I argue for a wider use of our voice in the working of global civil society - to be distinguished from military initiatives and strategic activities of governments. The Global Civil Society Yearbook can make a substantial contribution to the expression of public voice without border'

- Amartya Sen

Suicide bombings, collateral damage, kidnappings and air strikes pepper the lexicon of twenty-first century politics. Global Civil Society 2006/7 explores the complex relationship between violence, civil society and legitimacy in a unique dialogue that crosses political, cultural and religious boundaries. Is the use of violence by non-state actors ever justified? How is violence transmitted from the private to the public sphere? Why is terror and 'the war on terror' catalysing rather than suppressing violence? Do Western and Islamic traditions of thought offer any solutions? This edition of the Yearbook also includes new research on economic and social rights, the politics of water, and football.

Chapters include:

- Not Even a Tree: Can Violence be Justified in a Global Era? Mary Kaldor and Heba Raouf Ezzat

- Bringing Violence 'Back Home' Jenny Pearce

- Pipe dream or Panacea? Global Civil Society and Economic and Social Rights Marlies Glasius

- War and Peace: the Role of Global Civil Society Mary Kaldor, Denisa Kostovicova, and Yahia Said

- Water: a Global Contestation Willemijn Dicke, Patrick Bond, Fadia Daibes-Murad, Sanjeev Khagram, Alessandro Palmieri, Carlos Vainer, Zoë Wilson and Patricia Wouters

- The Church, the Mosque and Global Civil Society Mark Juergensmeyer

- The Odd Couple: Football and Global Civil Society David Goldblatt

Greg Sestero
New York Times bestseller—now a major motion picture directed by and starring James Franco!

From the actor who somehow lived through it all, a “sharply detailed…funny book about a cinematic comedy of errors” (The New York Times): the making of the cult film phenomenon The Room.

In 2003, an independent film called The Room—starring and written, produced, and directed by a mysteriously wealthy social misfit named Tommy Wiseau—made its disastrous debut in Los Angeles. Described by one reviewer as “like getting stabbed in the head,” the $6 million film earned a grand total of $1,800 at the box office and closed after two weeks. Years later, it’s an international cult phenomenon, whose legions of fans attend screenings featuring costumes, audience rituals, merchandising, and thousands of plastic spoons.

Hailed by The Huffington Post as “possibly the most important piece of literature ever printed,” The Disaster Artist is the hilarious, behind-the-scenes story of a deliciously awful cinematic phenomenon as well as the story of an odd and inspiring Hollywood friendship. Actor Greg Sestero, Tommy’s costar and longtime best friend, recounts the film’s bizarre journey to infamy, unraveling mysteries for fans (like, who is Steven? And what’s with that hospital on Guerrero Street?)—as well as the most important question: how the hell did a movie this awful ever get made? But more than just a riotously funny story about cinematic hubris, “The Disaster Artist is one of the most honest books about friendship I’ve read in years” (Los Angeles Times).
Helmut K Anheier
The war in Iraq brought global politics into the living rooms of ordinary people around the world in 2003-4. This defining event, which influenced the domestic agenda in many countries, may change the way people perceive power and the politics of power.

The Global Civil Society Yearbook shows how those perceptions can be shaped by the huge diversity of individuals, movements, NGOs, networks - and the ideas and values they represent - acting across borders and beyond national politics.

Now in its fourth year of publication, the Global Civil Society Yearbook is the standard work on the topic, essential reading for social and political scientists, activists, students, journalists and policy makers.

Global Civil Society 2004/5 adopts an unorthodox approach to major geo-political issues including oil, the Middle East and democracy. Yahia Said examines oil and activism, Mohamed el Said-Sayed explores Middle Eastern perspectives, and Heba Raouf Ezzat outlines a new multicultural approach to global civil society.

The emergence of what Mary Kaldor calls 'a new kind of global politics' has implications for sovereignty and democracy, which Global Civil Society 2004/5 tackles head-on. Hilary Wainwright identifies the conditions in which global civil society can strengthen and reinvigorate local democracy. In contrast, Kenneth Anderson and David Rieff question global civil society's claim to represent world opinion, arguing that the hotchpotch of environmental groups, feminist networks and human rights activists are merely undemocratic and unaccountable 'social movement missionaries.'

Global Civil Society 2004-5 includes a wealth of data on globalisation, the rule of law, NGO growth, values and attitudes, governance, civil liberties and a chronology of the myriad protests, conferences and campaigns that are the sinews of global civil society.

"Global Civil Society 2002 was a gripping read. Global Civil Society 2003 was stimulating, informative and authoritative. I am delighted to recommend this series, which fills an important gap in research on globalisation."

Anthony Giddens

"One of the great unreported events of the last decade has been the total explosion of nongovernment organisations in developing countries of the world. While I was shaving the other day, I looked in the mirror and thought, "Wow, I am an NGO!" I have always been interested in this, but I am more interested since I discovered I was one. And that's why I'd recommend this Yearbook."

Bill Clinton

Helmut K Anheier
'This fifth Global Civil Society Yearbook continues the intellectual shaping of an emerging global civil society. As the Global Call for Action on Poverty, G-Cap, makes its voice heard under the whiteband symbol, this analysis of current issues of migration, climate change and UN reform, with a focus on gender and social movements, provides a timely intellectual resource to strengthen shared commitments'

- Mary Robinson

'These annual volumes have themselves become an occasion for enacting global civil society: each Yearbook is a project that involves hundreds of people around the world in various ways... and they often fight it out around divergent understandings of critical issues. This volume enters the extreme zones we face today - the growing injustices which increasingly are only addressed by global civil society actors, but also the powerful innovations brought about by new technologies that can construct whole new global spaces for global civil society'

- Saskia Sassen

'It is increasingly difficult to recall memorable analyses of international social movements before GCS. But after half a decade each annual issue is not only a magnum opus but is also definitive, distinctive & comparative. The study of global civil society can never be the same!'

- Timothy M Shaw, Professor of Commonwealth Governance & Development & Director, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London

The annual Global Civil Society Yearbooks provide an indispensable guide to global civil society or civic participation and action around the world. Each yearbook includes commissioned contributions from leading commentators across the social sciences on the latest issues and developments. Each yearbook also explores and presents the latest approaches to measuring and analyzing global civil society and provides a chronology of key global civil society events in the year.

The 2005/6 Yearbook explores the role of gender in global civil society and investigates the core issues of labour migration, climate change and UN reform. In part three, contributions consider the impact of social forums and wireless technology, as well as reviewing the discussion of networks from the 2004/5 Yearbook.

Illustrated throughout with summaries, maps, figures, tables and photographs and encompassing regular features such as updates on previous editions and the annual data reports, the Global Civil Society Yearbook remains the standard work on all aspects of contemporary global civil society for activists, practitioners, students and academics alike. It is essential reading for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the key actors, forms and manifestations of global civil society around the world today.

Helmut K. Anheier
لا يوجد أدنى شك في أن الأعمال الخيرية، بوصفها أساسًا مثاليًّا للمجتمع المدني، في حاجة ماسّة إلى التجديد، وإن ما ينطوي عليه مثل ذلك التجديد هو محط نقاش قوي. يرسم كلٌّ من أينهاير وليت طريقًا واضحًا وسط هذا الجدل، ويقدمان نموذجًا جديدًا للأعمال الخيرية للقرن الحادي والعشرين، ويستكشفان ذلك بما يتعلق بسياسة المؤسسات الخيرية وإدارتها. هذه هي العلوم الاجتماعية التطبيقية في أفضل صورها: فكري، قائم على أسس تجريبية، وبنّاء، وعملي.
الأستاذ الدكتور: اللورد أنتوني غايدنز، أستاذ علم الاجتماع الفخري، لندن، كلية الاقتصاد، المملكة المتحدة.
لقد حيّر الاقتصاد والمؤسسات الخيرية في المملكة المتحدة المؤسسات الاجتماعية، وفي هذا الكتاب الذي يتحدى كلًّا من داعمي المؤسسات الخيرية ومنتقديها، يقدم أينهاير وليت إسهامهما الأصلي عن الدور الأصيل الذي يمكن لهذه المؤسسات الفريدة أن تؤديه بأفضل ما يمكن في المجتمعات، وإسهامهما ليس مهمًّا لأولئك الذين يؤسسون هذه المؤسسات، ويديرونها، ويشغلونها وحسب، ولكن أيضًا لأولئك الذين ينظمونها، ويستفيدون منها، أو يشعرون أنهم مهددون من قِبَل هذه المؤسسات القوية، والمجموعة الأخيرة تشمل جميع مواطنينا.
مارك هـ. موور: أستاذ هاوسر للمنظمات غير الربحية، كلية كينيدي للقطاع الحكومي، جامعة هارفرد.
تمرّ الأعمال الخيرية بمحنة بسبب عدم تقديرها الصحيح للطاقة الكامنة التي يمكن للمؤسسات الوقفية أن تمتلكها، وإن المقدرة على تجاوز هذه المحنة ستوفر المفتاح لإعادة وضع الأعمال الخيرية بوصفها مؤسسة مركزية في المجتمع المعاصر، ومن أجل الشرعية والنمو المستقبليين، فإن إنجاز أكبر تأثير عبر ما نسميه (الإبداع في العمل الخيري) يمثل موضوعًا أساسيًّا للمؤسسات الخيرية اليوم.
لقد قامت المؤسسات الخيرية بكثير من الأعمال الجيدة في العالم من دون أدنى شك، ولكن السؤال المحوري ليس هو «هل تقوم المؤسسات الخيرية بأعمال جيدة؟» ولكن هو: «هل تقوم المؤسسات الخيرية بأفضل ما يمكنها القيام به في البيئة الحالية؟» ولتحقيق كليهما، لا بدَّ من مقاربة جديدة، ألا وهي: (المؤسسات الخيرية الإبداعية). يوضح هذا الكتاب مفهوم الإبداع، ويستكشف لماذا تتبناه المؤسسات الخيرية، وما ينطوي عليه مفهوم الإبداع بوصفه ممارسةً، وما الأدوات الإدارية التي تحتاج إليها، وما المعضلات وأشكال التوتر التي تتسبب فيها، وما النتائج التي تحققها؟  
إن المؤسسات الخيرية هي مراكز الطاقة الكامنة للتفكير والعمل الإبداعيين اللذين يحتاج إليهما المجتمع المعاصر، وإن المفهوم المقترح هنا - المؤسسة الخيرية  الإبداعية - يمكن أن يمثل خطوة مهمة نحو تحقيق ذلك الوعد.
وباستخدام مجموعة من مخططات أولية ودراسات حالات أكثر تفصيلًا عن مؤسسات مختارة في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، والمملكة المتحدة وأستراليا لإعطاء أمثلة حقيقية عن النظرية قيد التطبيق، فقد أمدّنا المؤلفان بوجهة نظر فريدة ملهمة عن هذه المنظمات المثيرة والحيوية.

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