Republic of Kosovo: Request for Stand-By Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Kosovo

International Monetary Fund
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Key issues: Kosovo faces the dual challenge of maintaining fiscal credibility and debt sustainability while shifting its growth model from one driven by remittances and consumption to one driven by investment and the tradable sector. This requires fiscal consolidation over the next two years that deflates unproductive current spending while increasing space for critical public investment and donor-financed capital projects. It also requires steps to further preserve financial stability, improve competitiveness, remove structural impediments to bank lending, and reduce corruption. Stand-By Arrangement (SBA): The authorities have requested a 22-month, SDR 147.5 million (250 percent of quota) SBA. An initial purchase of SDR 28.1 million would become available upon approval of this request. The program will seek to preserve low debt and financial stability and rebuild government bank balances while creating conditions for more dynamic and better-balanced growth. Specifically, policies would aim at: • Strengthening public finances through fiscal consolidation, with the deficit path within the fiscal rule’s limits. This will be supported by steps to improve budget composition and deflate unproductive current spending. Capital expenditure will be protected and even enhanced through the modification of the investment clause under the fiscal rule. A new debt limit will ensure that debt remains sustainable. • Advancing financial sector reforms related to emergency liquidity assistance and risk-based supervision to bolster financial sector stability. • Raising Kosovo’s long-term growth prospects. Reforms will include the introduction of a public wage bill to boost competitiveness, a new public procurement process to improve the business environment, and steps to catalyze donor-project financing related to Kosovo’s large development needs.
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Additional Information

Publisher
International Monetary Fund
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Published on
Jul 31, 2015
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Pages
58
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ISBN
9781513528342
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / International / Economics
Business & Economics / Money & Monetary Policy
Political Science / Public Policy / Economic Policy
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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In 1971, President Nixon imposed national price controls and took the United States off the gold standard, an extreme measure intended to end an ongoing currency war that had destroyed faith in the U.S. dollar. Today we are engaged in a new currency war, and this time the consequences will be far worse than those that confronted Nixon.

 

Currency wars are one of the most destructive and feared outcomes in international economics. At best, they offer the sorry spectacle of countries' stealing growth from their trading partners. At worst, they degenerate into sequential bouts of inflation, recession, retaliation, and sometimes actual violence. Left unchecked, the next currency war could lead to a crisis worse than the panic of 2008.

Currency wars have happened before-twice in the last century alone-and they always end badly. Time and again, paper currencies have collapsed, assets have been frozen, gold has been confiscated, and capital controls have been imposed. And the next crash is overdue. Recent headlines about the debasement of the dollar, bailouts in Greece and Ireland, and Chinese currency manipulation are all indicators of the growing conflict.

As James Rickards argues in Currency Wars, this is more than just a concern for economists and investors. The United States is facing serious threats to its national security, from clandestine gold purchases by China to the hidden agendas of sovereign wealth funds. Greater than any single threat is the very real danger of the collapse of the dollar itself.

Baffling to many observers is the rank failure of economists to foresee or prevent the economic catastrophes of recent years. Not only have their theories failed to prevent calamity, they are making the currency wars worse. The U. S. Federal Reserve has engaged in the greatest gamble in the history of finance, a sustained effort to stimulate the economy by printing money on a trillion-dollar scale. Its solutions present hidden new dangers while resolving none of the current dilemmas.

While the outcome of the new currency war is not yet certain, some version of the worst-case scenario is almost inevitable if U.S. and world economic leaders fail to learn from the mistakes of their predecessors. Rickards untangles the web of failed paradigms, wishful thinking, and arrogance driving current public policy and points the way toward a more informed and effective course of action.




From the Hardcover edition.
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