Differential Inclusions: Set-Valued Maps and Viability Theory

Springer Science & Business Media
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A great impetus to study differential inclusions came from the development of Control Theory, i.e. of dynamical systems x'(t) = f(t, x(t), u(t)), x(O)=xo "controlled" by parameters u(t) (the "controls"). Indeed, if we introduce the set-valued map F(t, x)= {f(t, x, u)}ueu then solutions to the differential equations (*) are solutions to the "differen tial inclusion" (**) x'(t)EF(t, x(t)), x(O)=xo in which the controls do not appear explicitely. Systems Theory provides dynamical systems of the form d x'(t)=A(x(t)) dt (B(x(t))+ C(x(t)); x(O)=xo in which the velocity of the state of the system depends not only upon the x(t) of the system at time t, but also on variations of observations state B(x(t)) of the state. This is a particular case of an implicit differential equation f(t, x(t), x'(t)) = 0 which can be regarded as a differential inclusion (**), where the right-hand side F is defined by F(t, x)= {vlf(t, x, v)=O}. During the 60's and 70's, a special class of differential inclusions was thoroughly investigated: those of the form X'(t)E - A(x(t)), x (0) =xo where A is a "maximal monotone" map. This class of inclusions contains the class of "gradient inclusions" which generalize the usual gradient equations x'(t) = -VV(x(t)), x(O)=xo when V is a differentiable "potential". 2 Introduction There are many instances when potential functions are not differentiable.
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Springer Science & Business Media
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Dec 6, 2012
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Mathematics / Calculus
Mathematics / Mathematical Analysis
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A novel, practical introduction to functional analysis

In the twenty years since the first edition of Applied Functional Analysis was published, there has been an explosion in the number of books on functional analysis. Yet none of these offers the unique perspective of this new edition. Jean-Pierre Aubin updates his popular reference on functional analysis with new insights and recent discoveries-adding three new chapters on set-valued analysis and convex analysis, viability kernels and capture basins, and first-order partial differential equations. He presents, for the first time at an introductory level, the extension of differential calculus in the framework of both the theory of distributions and set-valued analysis, and discusses their application for studying boundary-value problems for elliptic and parabolic partial differential equations and for systems of first-order partial differential equations.

To keep the presentation concise and accessible, Jean-Pierre Aubin introduces functional analysis through the simple Hilbertian structure. He seamlessly blends pure mathematics with applied areas that illustrate the theory, incorporating a broad range of examples from numerical analysis, systems theory, calculus of variations, control and optimization theory, convex and nonsmooth analysis, and more. Finally, a summary of the essential theorems as well as exercises reinforcing key concepts are provided. Applied Functional Analysis, Second Edition is an excellent and timely resource for both pure and applied mathematicians.
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