American Psychiatry and Homosexuality: An Oral History

Routledge
1
Free sample

Interviews and first-hand accounts of an historic decision that affected the mental health profession—and American society and culture

Through the personal accounts of those who were there, American Psychiatry and Homosexuality: An Oral History examines the 1973 decision by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) to remove homosexuality from its diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). This unique book includes candid one-on-one interviews with key mental health professionals who played a role in the APA’s decision, those who helped organize gay, lesbian, and bisexual psychiatrists after the decision, and others who have made significant contributions in this area within the mental health field.

American Psychiatry and Homosexuality presents an insider’s view of how homosexuality was removed from the DSM, the gradual organization of gay and lesbian psychiatrists within the APA, and the eventual formation of the APA-allied Association of Gay & Lesbian Psychiatrists (AGLP). The book profiles 17 individuals, both straight and gay, who made important contributions to organized psychiatry and the mental health needs of lesbian and gay patients, and illustrates the role that gay and lesbian psychiatrists would later play in the mental health field when they no longer had to hide their identities.

Individuals profiled in American Psychiatry and Homosexuality include:
  • Dr. John Fryer, who disguised his identity to speak before the APA’s annual meeting in 1972 on the discrimination gay psychiatrists faced in their own profession
  • Dr. Charles Silverstein, who saw the diagnosis of homosexuality as a means of social control
  • Dr. Lawrence Hartmann, who helped reform the APA and later served as its President in 1991-92
  • Dr. Robert J. Campbell, who helped persuade the APA’s Nomenclature Committee to hear scientific data presented by gay activists
  • Dr. Judd Marmor, an early psychoanalytic critic of theories that pathologized homosexuality
  • Dr. Robert Spitzer, who chaired the APA’s Nomenclature Committee
  • Dr. Frank Rundle, who helped organize the first meeting of what would become the APA Caucus of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Psychiatrists
  • Dr. David Kessler, AGLP President from 1980-82
  • Dr. Nanette Gartrell, a pioneer of feminist issues within the APA
  • Dr. Stuart Nichols, President of the AGLP in 1983-84 and a founding member of the Gay and Lesbian Psychiatrists of New York (GLPNY)
  • Dr. Emery Hetrick, a founding member of both AGLP and GLPNY
  • Dr. Bertram Schaffner, who was instrumental in providing group psychotherapy for physicians with AIDS
  • Dr. Martha Kirkpatrick, a long-time leader in psychiatry and psychoanalysis, both as a woman and an “out” lesbian
  • Dr. Richard Isay, the first openly gay psychoanalyst in the American Psychoanalytic Association
  • Dr. Richard Pillard, best known for studying the incidence of homosexuality in families of twins
  • Dr. Edward Hanin, former Speaker of the APA Assembly
  • Dr. Ralph Roughton, the first openly gay Training and Supervising Psychoanalyst to be recognized within the American and International Psychoanalytic Associations
American Psychiatry and Homosexuality presents the personal, behind-the-scenes accounts of a major historical event in psychiatry and medicine and of a decision that has affected society and culture ever since. This is an essential resource for mental health educators, supervisors, and professionals; historians; and LGBT readers in general.
    Read more

    Reviews

    5.0
    1 total
    Loading...

    Additional Information

    Publisher
    Routledge
    Read more
    Published on
    Oct 12, 2012
    Read more
    Pages
    322
    Read more
    ISBN
    9781136859939
    Read more
    Language
    English
    Read more
    Genres
    Psychology / Psychotherapy / General
    Social Science / LGBT Studies / Gay Studies
    Read more
    Content Protection
    This content is DRM protected.
    Read more
    Read Aloud
    Available on Android devices
    Read more

    Reading information

    Smartphones and Tablets

    Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

    Laptops and Computers

    You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

    eReaders and other devices

    To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
    Jack Drescher
    Do the conventional insights of depth psychology have anything to offer the gay patient?  Can contemporary psychoanalytic theory be used to make sense of gay identities in ways that are helpful rather than hurtful, respectful rather than retraumatizing?  In Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Gay Man Jack Drescher addresses these very questions as he outlines a therapeutic approach to issues of sexual identity that is informed by traditional therapeutic goals (such as psychological integration and more authentic living) while still respecting, even honoring, variations in sexual orientation.
        
    Drescher's exploration of the subjectivities of gay men in psychoanalytic psychotherapy is more than a long-overdue corrective to the inadequate and often pathologizing tomes of traditional psychoanalytic writers.  It is a vitally human testament to the richly varied inner experiences of gay men.  Drescher does not assume that sexual orientation is the entire or even major focus of intensive psychotherapy.  But he does argue, passionately and convincingly, that issues of sexual identity - which encompass a spectrum of possibilities for any gay man - must be addressed in an atmosphere of honest encounter that allows not only for exploration of conflict and dissociation but also for restitutive confirmation of the patient's right to be himself.
       
    Through its abundance of first-person testimony from both clinical and literary sources, Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Gay Man provides the reader with an unforgettable grasp of what it is like to discover that one is gay in our society and then to find the courage and humanity to live with that knowledge.  Any mental health professional - regardless of his or her sexual orientation - who wishes to deal therapeutically with gay men will find Drescher's work indispensable.  But it will also be compelling reading for anyone seeking psychological insight into gay men's lives and concerns. 
    Jack Drescher
    Gain an in-depth understanding of the issues, concerns, and problems faced by transgender individuals

    Transgender Subjectivities is a comprehensive guide for understanding the issues and concerns of the emerging transgender phenomenon. As transgender individuals become more “out” in society, the need to understand their concerns, the problems they face, and the resources available to them becomes rapidly more acute. This book offers a diverse yet coherent view of this ever-expanding field. It provides an overview of transsexual manifestations designed to expose therapists as well as the general public to this actively expanding field.

    In Transgender Subjectivities, experts in transgender studies examine historical, theoretical, clinical, and subjective aspects of the transgender experience. The contributors include some of the most respected and experienced clinicians and scholars in the field, such as Aaron H. Devor and Anne A. Lawrence, as well as several cutting-edge contemporary theorists, and a number of eloquent transsexual writers—including Dallas Denny and Griffin Hansbury—giving this book a wide and varied perspective.

    Topics addressed in Transgender Subjectivities include:
    the origin of the “transsexual phenomenon”
    issues of guilt in the process of self-acceptance of gender nonconformity
    personal accounts of individuals who have coped with the experience of transgenderism
    the impact of transsexual transition on the children and partners of transitioning individuals
    the various manifestations of—and responses to—transsexuality
    resource and psychotherapeutic guidelines for specialists as well as non-specialists
    and much more!Featuring a variety of voices from case studies and theoretical analyses to personal experiences and reflections, Transgender Subjectivities renders a difficult and expansive subject comprehensible to the novice, while at the same time offering insight and challenge to experts in the field. Not only is this an essential resource for clinicians, but it can also educate the general public about transgender issues, helping to dispel prejudice toward a sexual minority. This compact but wide-ranging guide will make you transgender-literate regardless of your current level of expertise.
    Dan Karasic
    Get the latest on the controversies of the sexual and gender diagnoses contained in the current DSM

    The revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is an ongoing process, and changes in criteria or terminology can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM): A Reevaluation provides a range of viewpoints from noted authorities on gender and sexuality issues presently included in the DSM. Arguments for or against revisions of various gender and sexual diagnoses are presented-some may have repercussions regarding insurance reimbursement and patient access to care. This book is certain to raise questions for mental health professionals interested in how cultural influences affect psychiatric diagnoses.

    Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) reviews those controversial gender issues previously seen as being a disorder. The book critically evaluates the medical, psychotherapeutic, and civil rights issues in the diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of GID in children, adolescents, and adults, and presents evidence and debates for its exclusion from the next DSM. Arguments for and against removal of paraphilias from the DSM are explored in detail. Finally, sexual pain criteria for diagnoses are examined, reviewing the latest studies that support or criticize the view that dyspareunia and vaginismus may be better classified as a pain disorder.

    Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) presents controversial debate from experts such as:
    Robert Spitzer, MD
    Charles Moser, MD, and Peggy J. Kleinplatz, PhD
    Walter O. Bockting, PhD, and Randall Ehrbar, PsyD
    Kelley Winters, PhD
    Arlene Istar Lev, CSW-R, CASAC
    Paul Jay Fink, MD
    and other respected authorities!

    Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is thought-provoking, enlightening reading for psychiatrists, psychologists, mental health workers, epidemiologists, researchers, educators, and students.
    Ann D'Ercole
    What does it mean to be member of a gay/lesbian couple or family? The contributors to Uncoupling Convention: Psychoanalytic Approaches to Same-Sex Couples and Families address this question by drawing on two cultural movements of the twentieth century: psychoanalysis and the gay/lesbian civil rights movement. Taken together, these traditions provide a framework for understanding, and providing psychotherapeutic assistance to, gay and lesbian patients who present with troubled relationships.
    The contributors to this volume espouse a clinical focus that supplants the heterosexual perspectives of traditional psychoanalysis with new narratives about family life. Drawing on cultural, feminist, gay/lesbian, and queer studies, they illustrate how concepts of gender and sexuality are routinely informed by unproven heterosexist assumptions - both conscious and unconscious.

    By examining the changing developmental needs and family dynamics of gay and lesbian families, the contributors broaden our very understanding of what a family is. They illustrate how contrasting cultural constructions of homosexuality and family life play out in same-sex couples. They delineate the multiple realities of gender subjectivity, both in children and in their gay parents. They ponder how technology is shaping reproductive experiences, as lesbians become part of the biomedical system. And they explore recurrent themes of feeling different and ashamed, including the shameful secrecy surrounding same-sex couples' financial matters. In uncoupling conventions, the contributors are effectively coupling post-Freudian psychoanalysis with the insights of queer theory and the critical edge of contemporary cultural studies. The result is a framework for addressing the relational and family-related challenges of gay and lesbian patients that ranges far beyond traditional approaches and will benefit analytic, couples, and family therapists alike.

    Jack Drescher
    Examine gay and lesbian psychoanalysis from a variety of perspectives!

    Psychotherapy with Gay Men and Lesbians: Contemporary Dynamic Approaches presents case histories of psychotherapy sessions with gay and lesbian patients, focusing on today's psychoanalytical approaches. Dedicated to enhancing the emotional, psychological, and psychiatric treatment of gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals, the book features prominent analysts with a wide range of clinical and theoretical approaches. The foremost experts in the therapeutic field address issues affecting gay and lesbian patients from psychoanalytic perspectives that respect the patients' sexual identities.

    Psychotherapy with Gay Men and Lesbians reflects the significant clinical and theoretical changes therapists face in dealing with issues of gender and sexuality. New ways of thinking coexist with traditional theory as paradigm shifts in psychotherapy and psychoanalysis affect the treatment of gay, lesbian, and bisexual patients. This book provides a forum to address those changes through clinical papers and discussions.

    Psychotherapy with Gay Men and Lesbians includes discussion of case reports that deal with: gay therapists treating gay patients countertransferential enactments of sex and gender in treatment rethinking the meanings of homosexuality psychotherapeutic treatment of gay male patients with AIDS and much more! Psychotherapy with Gay Men and Lesbians is an essential forum for the exchange of clinical information on gay and lesbian psychotherapy. The book is a valuable resource for psychiatrists, psychologists, social work therapists, psychoanalysts, and anyone interested in today's psychoanalytic approaches to homosexuality.
    Jack Drescher
    Do the conventional insights of depth psychology have anything to offer the gay patient?  Can contemporary psychoanalytic theory be used to make sense of gay identities in ways that are helpful rather than hurtful, respectful rather than retraumatizing?  In Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Gay Man Jack Drescher addresses these very questions as he outlines a therapeutic approach to issues of sexual identity that is informed by traditional therapeutic goals (such as psychological integration and more authentic living) while still respecting, even honoring, variations in sexual orientation.
        
    Drescher's exploration of the subjectivities of gay men in psychoanalytic psychotherapy is more than a long-overdue corrective to the inadequate and often pathologizing tomes of traditional psychoanalytic writers.  It is a vitally human testament to the richly varied inner experiences of gay men.  Drescher does not assume that sexual orientation is the entire or even major focus of intensive psychotherapy.  But he does argue, passionately and convincingly, that issues of sexual identity - which encompass a spectrum of possibilities for any gay man - must be addressed in an atmosphere of honest encounter that allows not only for exploration of conflict and dissociation but also for restitutive confirmation of the patient's right to be himself.
       
    Through its abundance of first-person testimony from both clinical and literary sources, Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Gay Man provides the reader with an unforgettable grasp of what it is like to discover that one is gay in our society and then to find the courage and humanity to live with that knowledge.  Any mental health professional - regardless of his or her sexual orientation - who wishes to deal therapeutically with gay men will find Drescher's work indispensable.  But it will also be compelling reading for anyone seeking psychological insight into gay men's lives and concerns. 
    Dan Karasic
    Get the latest on the controversies of the sexual and gender diagnoses contained in the current DSM

    The revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is an ongoing process, and changes in criteria or terminology can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM): A Reevaluation provides a range of viewpoints from noted authorities on gender and sexuality issues presently included in the DSM. Arguments for or against revisions of various gender and sexual diagnoses are presented-some may have repercussions regarding insurance reimbursement and patient access to care. This book is certain to raise questions for mental health professionals interested in how cultural influences affect psychiatric diagnoses.

    Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) reviews those controversial gender issues previously seen as being a disorder. The book critically evaluates the medical, psychotherapeutic, and civil rights issues in the diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of GID in children, adolescents, and adults, and presents evidence and debates for its exclusion from the next DSM. Arguments for and against removal of paraphilias from the DSM are explored in detail. Finally, sexual pain criteria for diagnoses are examined, reviewing the latest studies that support or criticize the view that dyspareunia and vaginismus may be better classified as a pain disorder.

    Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) presents controversial debate from experts such as:
    Robert Spitzer, MD
    Charles Moser, MD, and Peggy J. Kleinplatz, PhD
    Walter O. Bockting, PhD, and Randall Ehrbar, PsyD
    Kelley Winters, PhD
    Arlene Istar Lev, CSW-R, CASAC
    Paul Jay Fink, MD
    and other respected authorities!

    Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is thought-provoking, enlightening reading for psychiatrists, psychologists, mental health workers, epidemiologists, researchers, educators, and students.
    ©2017 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google
    By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.