Anticipating the Inevitable Changes Coming to Canada: Preparing Canada and Canadians for the 22nd Century

Xlibris Corporation
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“From his lifelong professional career as an ecological consultant Dr. Ludwig brings a unique perspective to some of the most pressing of Canada’s challenges – economic, geopolitical, demographic and hydrological as well as climatological. He suggests creation of an all-Canadian East-West Infrastructure Corridor to reverse Canada’s drift into dangerous (for Canada) continentalism. This proposal will not be popular with those of our federal and provincial politicians who are committed to failed neoliberal ideology. Nevertheless, for the rest of us, his perceptive analyses should stimulate critical thinking and even, let us hope, collective action.”

— Dr. Bruce Partridge

Dr. Bruce Partridge speaks from his successive careers as Executive Vice-President of one of the leading US universities, President of a Canadian university, and Vice President & General Counsel of one of Canada’s largest multinational mining corporations.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Xlibris Corporation
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Published on
Mar 21, 2013
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Pages
133
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ISBN
9781483605418
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Language
English
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Genres
Nature / Weather
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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James P. Ludwig, Ph. D
During the last decade many graduate-level Landscape Architecture students have taken our ecology classes tailored to their profession. However, relatively few students training to create attractive living spaces actually had significant basic fundamental knowledge of ecology, chemistry or soils. These deficiencies became apparent when elegant landscape designs failed because plants did not thrive, grew poorly or even died. Similarly, many farmers and gardeners are ill-equiped to understand the complexity of their soils, interpret soil testing data and appreciate natural soil processes affecting their crops. Other problems arise when storm water pulses in urban, suburban or farmed settings caused flooding, erosion or slope failures. These problems can be addressed successfully with basic knowledge of soils, soil mechanics, hydrology and ecology. Failure to appreciate the inexorable natural processes affecting soils increases the probability that a landscape plan – however elegant and aesthetically pleasing the design may be - or a crop will fail to grow and perform as expected. Similarly, many friends and businesses we have evaluated had experienced repeated failures in the management of their home sites, commercial or industrial properties. The problems arising from the lack of this critical knowledge can be very expensive for the professional or individual. Repeated failures with inadequate plant performance prepared by a professional designer bode ill for a career. All too often, professionals have been replaced by the municipalities, corporations and developers who hired them after easily prevented failures emerged owing to inadequate basic ecological and soils training. For the individual land or business owner who tries to manage a difficult property, or if one has the proverbial ‘black thumb’, these failures lead to great personal frustration, a deep sense of inadequacy and abandonment of vision and goals. Sometimes owners simply opt for an engineered ‘hardscape’ that obliterates the ecological and natural values of a well-managed landscape. Farmers may see their incomes fall when seemingly intractable conditions develop. For the most part, these are preventable problems that can be avoided by sound ecological management and basic knowledge of how soils develop, interact and function with the plants they nourish in the local climate. This book has been compiled to address the fundamental aspects of plant ecology and soils for the landscape professional, farmer and individual alike. However, it is not intended for the professional ecologist, soil scientist or agronomist. The most important aspects of these fields have been ‘cherry-picked’ and much was omitted for this book. Specialists will find this book incomplete and probably too generalized. Regardless, the principles of effective soils management for competent ecological designs are the same for the landscape designer, homeowner, organic gardener or farmer. In the 21st century, we can no longer afford to pay the replacement costs of failed plantings, or any sort of site repair or redevelopment. Resource depletion, the increasingly critical need to recycle lands including whole landscapes (especially in urban settings), and ever rising input costs for all forms of management support an argument for a practical manual that addresses the ecological fundamentals of good land and soil management at every level. New concepts for land management emerge every day as economic stressors force every organization and professional to look at issues and ideas long forgotten such as gardening to raise a significant portion of minimally contaminated food by families living in urban and suburban settings. Our societies are changing rapidly. Human population densities continue to increase rapidly even as resources become ever more scarce and expensive. In one sense, we need to recapture a great deal of the common sense and knowledge that was lost afte
Michael J. Tougias
The true story of an incredible disaster and heroic rescue at sea told by two masterful storytellers.

In the winter of 1952, New England was battered by the most brutal nor'easter in years. As the weather wreaked havoc on land, the freezing Atlantic became a wind-whipped zone of peril.

In the early hours of Monday, February 18, while the storm raged, two oil tankers, the Pendleton and the Fort Mercer, found themselves in the same horrifying predicament. Built with "dirty steel," and not prepared to withstand such ferocious seas, both tankers split in two, leaving the dozens of men on board utterly at the Atlantic's mercy.

The Finest Hours is the gripping, true story of the valiant attempt to rescue the souls huddling inside the broken halves of the two ships. Coast Guard cutters raced to the aid of those on the Fort Mercer, and when it became apparent that the halves of the Pendleton were in danger of capsizing, the Guard sent out two thirty-six-foot lifeboats as well. These wooden boats, manned by only four seamen, were dwarfed by the enormous seventy-foot seas. As the tiny rescue vessels set out from the coast of Cape Cod, the men aboard were all fully aware that they were embarking on what could easily become a suicide mission.

The spellbinding tale is overflowing with breathtaking scenes that sear themselves into the mind's eye, as boats capsize, bows and sterns crash into one another, and men hurl themselves into the raging sea in their terrifying battle for survival.

Not all of the eighty-four men caught at sea in the midst of that brutal storm survived, but considering the odds, it's a miracle—and a testament to their bravery—that any came home to tell their tales at all.

Michael J. Tougias and Casey Sherman have seamlessly woven together their extensive research and firsthand interviews to create an unforgettable tale of heroism, triumph, and tragedy, one that truly tells of the Coast Guard's finest hours.
Cynthia Barnett
Rain is elemental, mysterious, precious, destructive.
 
It is the subject of countless poems and paintings; the top of the weather report; the source of the world's water. Yet this is the first book to tell the story of rain.

Cynthia Barnett's Rain begins four billion years ago with the torrents that filled the oceans, and builds to the storms of climate change. It weaves together science—the true shape of a raindrop, the mysteries of frog and fish rains—with the human story of our ambition to control rain, from ancient rain dances to the 2,203 miles of levees that attempt to straitjacket the Mississippi River. It offers a glimpse of our "founding forecaster," Thomas Jefferson, who measured every drizzle long before modern meteorology. Two centuries later, rainy skies would help inspire Morrissey’s mopes and Kurt Cobain’s grunge. Rain is also a travelogue, taking readers to Scotland to tell the surprising story of the mackintosh raincoat, and to India, where villagers extract the scent of rain from the monsoon-drenched earth and turn it into perfume.

Now, after thousands of years spent praying for rain or worshiping it; burning witches at the stake to stop rain or sacrificing small children to bring it; mocking rain with irrigated agriculture and cities built in floodplains; even trying to blast rain out of the sky with mortars meant for war, humanity has finally managed to change the rain. Only not in ways we intended. As climate change upends rainfall patterns and unleashes increasingly severe storms and drought, Barnett shows rain to be a unifying force in a fractured world. Too much and not nearly enough, rain is a conversation we share, and this is a book for everyone who has ever experienced it.
James P. Ludwig, Ph. D
During the last decade many graduate-level Landscape Architecture students have taken our ecology classes tailored to their profession. However, relatively few students training to create attractive living spaces actually had significant basic fundamental knowledge of ecology, chemistry or soils. These deficiencies became apparent when elegant landscape designs failed because plants did not thrive, grew poorly or even died. Similarly, many farmers and gardeners are ill-equiped to understand the complexity of their soils, interpret soil testing data and appreciate natural soil processes affecting their crops. Other problems arise when storm water pulses in urban, suburban or farmed settings caused flooding, erosion or slope failures. These problems can be addressed successfully with basic knowledge of soils, soil mechanics, hydrology and ecology. Failure to appreciate the inexorable natural processes affecting soils increases the probability that a landscape plan – however elegant and aesthetically pleasing the design may be - or a crop will fail to grow and perform as expected. Similarly, many friends and businesses we have evaluated had experienced repeated failures in the management of their home sites, commercial or industrial properties. The problems arising from the lack of this critical knowledge can be very expensive for the professional or individual. Repeated failures with inadequate plant performance prepared by a professional designer bode ill for a career. All too often, professionals have been replaced by the municipalities, corporations and developers who hired them after easily prevented failures emerged owing to inadequate basic ecological and soils training. For the individual land or business owner who tries to manage a difficult property, or if one has the proverbial ‘black thumb’, these failures lead to great personal frustration, a deep sense of inadequacy and abandonment of vision and goals. Sometimes owners simply opt for an engineered ‘hardscape’ that obliterates the ecological and natural values of a well-managed landscape. Farmers may see their incomes fall when seemingly intractable conditions develop. For the most part, these are preventable problems that can be avoided by sound ecological management and basic knowledge of how soils develop, interact and function with the plants they nourish in the local climate. This book has been compiled to address the fundamental aspects of plant ecology and soils for the landscape professional, farmer and individual alike. However, it is not intended for the professional ecologist, soil scientist or agronomist. The most important aspects of these fields have been ‘cherry-picked’ and much was omitted for this book. Specialists will find this book incomplete and probably too generalized. Regardless, the principles of effective soils management for competent ecological designs are the same for the landscape designer, homeowner, organic gardener or farmer. In the 21st century, we can no longer afford to pay the replacement costs of failed plantings, or any sort of site repair or redevelopment. Resource depletion, the increasingly critical need to recycle lands including whole landscapes (especially in urban settings), and ever rising input costs for all forms of management support an argument for a practical manual that addresses the ecological fundamentals of good land and soil management at every level. New concepts for land management emerge every day as economic stressors force every organization and professional to look at issues and ideas long forgotten such as gardening to raise a significant portion of minimally contaminated food by families living in urban and suburban settings. Our societies are changing rapidly. Human population densities continue to increase rapidly even as resources become ever more scarce and expensive. In one sense, we need to recapture a great deal of the common sense and knowledge that was lost afte
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