AGENT-BASED UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING

Atlantis Ambient and Pervasive Intelligence

Book 1
Springer Science & Business Media
1
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Ubiquitous computing names the third wave in computing, where the personal computing era appears when technologyrecedesinto the backgroundof our lives. The widespread use of new mobile technology implementing wireless communicationssuch as personal digital assistants (PDAs) and smart phones enables a new type of advanced applications. In the pastyears,themainfocusofresearchinmobileserviceshasaimedattheanytime-anywhere principle (ubiquitous computing). However, there is more to it. The increasing demand for distributed problem solving led to the development of multi-agent systems. The latter are formed from a collection of independent software entities whose collective skills can be applied in complex and real-time domains. The target of such systems is to demonstrate howgoaldirected,robustandoptimalbehaviorcanarise frominteractionsbetweenindiv- ual autonomous intelligent software agents. These software entities exhibit characteristics like autonomy, responsiveness, pro-activeness and social ability. Their functionality and effectiveness has proven to be highly depended on the design and development and the - plication domain. In fact, in several cases, the design and developmentof effective services shouldtakeintoaccountthecharacteristicsofthecontextfromwhichaserviceisrequested. Contextis the set of suitable environmentalstates and settings concerninga user, which are relevant for a situation sensitive application in the process of adapting the services and - formation offered to the user. Agent technology seems to be the right technology to offer the possibility of exploringthe dynamic context of the user in order to provideadded-value services or to execute more and complex tasks.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Jun 1, 2010
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Pages
196
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ISBN
9789491216312
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Information Technology
Computers / Intelligence (AI) & Semantics
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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The Fourth International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based S- tems (SITIS 2008) has been successfully held during the period 30th November to 3rd of December of the year 2008 in Bali, Indonesia. The Track Web-Based Information Te- nologies & Distributed Systems (WITDS) is one of the four tracks of the conference. The track is devoted to emerging and novel concepts, architectures and methodologies for c- ating an interconnected world in which information can be exchanged easily, tasks can be processed collaboratively, and communities of users with similar interests can be formed while addressing security threats that are present more than ever before. The track has attracted a large number of submissions; only ?fteen papers have been accepted with - ceptance rate 27%. After the successful presentations of the papers during the conference, the track chairs have agreed with Atlantis publisher to publish the extended versions of the papers in a book. Each paper has been extended with a minimum of 30% new materials from its original conference manuscript. This book contains these extendedversions as chaptersafter a second roundof reviews and improvement. The book is an excellent resource of information to researchers and it is based on four themes; the ?rst theme is on advances in ad-hoc and routing protocols, the second theme focuses on the latest techniques and methods on intelligent systems, the third theme is a latest trend in Security and Policies, and the last theme is applications of algorithms design methodologies on web based systems.
Conventional on-chip communication design mostly use ad-hoc approaches that fail to meet the challenges posed by the next-generation MultiCore Systems on-chip (MCSoC) designs. These major challenges include wiring delay, predictability, diverse interconnection architectures, and power dissipation. A Network-on-Chip (NoC) paradigm is emerging as the solution for the problems of interconnecting dozens of cores into a single system on-chip. However, there are many problems associated with the design of such systems. These problems arise from non-scalable global wire delays, failure to achieve global synchronization, and difficulties associated with non-scalable bus-based functional interconnects. The book consists of three parts, with each part being subdivided into four chapters. The first part deals with design and methodology issues. The architectures used in conventional methods of MCSoCs design and custom multiprocessor architectures are not flexible enough to meet the requirements of different application domains and not scalable enough to meet different computation needs and different complexities of various applications. Several chapters of the first part will emphasize on the design techniques and methodologies. The second part covers the most critical part of MCSoCs design — the interconnections. One approach to addressing the design methodologies is to adopt the so-called reusability feature to boost design productivity. In the past years, the primitive design units evolved from transistors to gates, finite state machines, and processor cores. The network-on-chip paradigm offers this attractive property for the future and will be able to close the productivity gap. The last part of this book delves into MCSoCs validations and optimizations. A more qualitative approach of system validation is based on the use of formal techniques for hardware design. The main advantage of formal methods is the possibility to prove the validity of essential design requirements. As formal languages have a mathematical foundation, it is possible to formally extract and verify these desired properties of the complete abstract state space. Online testing techniques for identifying faults that can lead to system failure are also surveyed. Emphasis is given to analytical redundancy-based techniques that have been developed for fault detection and isolation in the automatic control area.
Trustworthy Ubiquitous Computing covers aspects of trust in ubiquitous computing environments. The aspects of context, privacy, reliability, usability and user experience related to “emerged and exciting new computing paradigm of Ubiquitous Computing”, includes pervasive, grid, and peer-to-peer computing including sensor networks to provide secure computing and communication services at anytime and anywhere. Marc Weiser presented his vision of disappearing and ubiquitous computing more than 15 years ago. The big picture of the computer introduced into our environment was a big innovation and the starting point for various areas of research. In order to totally adopt the idea of ubiquitous computing several houses were build, equipped with technology and used as laboratory in order to find and test appliances that are useful and could be made available in our everyday life. Within the last years industry picked up the idea of integrating ubiquitous computing and already available products like remote controls for your house were developed and brought to the market. In spite of many applications and projects in the area of ubiquitous and pervasive computing the success is still far away. One of the main reasons is the lack of acceptance of and confidence in this technology. Although researchers and industry are working in all of these areas a forum to elaborate security, reliability and privacy issues, that resolve in trustworthy interfaces and computing environments for people interacting within these ubiquitous environments is important. The user experience factor of trust thus becomes a crucial issue for the success of a UbiComp application. The goal of this book is to provide a state the art of Trustworthy Ubiquitous Computing to address recent research results and to present and discuss the ideas, theories, technologies, systems, tools, applications and experiences on all theoretical and practical issues.
63 3. 2 Function Level Adaptation 64 3. 3 Parameter Level Adaptation. 67 3. 4 Structure Level Adaptation 70 3. 4. 1 Neuron Generation . 70 3. 4. 2 Neuron Annihilation 72 3. 5 Implementation . . . . . 74 3. 6 An Illustrative Example 77 3. 7 Summary . . . . . . . . 79 4 Competitive Signal Clustering Networks 93 4. 1 Introduction. . 93 4. 2 Basic Structure 94 4. 3 Function Level Adaptation 96 4. 4 Parameter Level Adaptation . 101 4. 5 Structure Level Adaptation 104 4. 5. 1 Neuron Generation Process 107 4. 5. 2 Neuron Annihilation and Coalition Process 114 4. 5. 3 Structural Relation Adjustment. 116 4. 6 Implementation . . 119 4. 7 Simulation Results 122 4. 8 Summary . . . . . 134 5 Application Example: An Adaptive Neural Network Source Coder 135 5. 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . 135 5. 2 Vector Quantization Problem 136 5. 3 VQ Using Neural Network Paradigms 139 Vlll 5. 3. 1 Basic Properties . 140 5. 3. 2 Fast Codebook Search Procedure 141 5. 3. 3 Path Coding Method. . . . . . . 143 5. 3. 4 Performance Comparison . . . . 144 5. 3. 5 Adaptive SPAN Coder/Decoder 147 5. 4 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 6 Conclusions 155 6. 1 Contributions 155 6. 2 Recommendations 157 A Mathematical Background 159 A. 1 Kolmogorov's Theorem . 160 A. 2 Networks with One Hidden Layer are Sufficient 161 B Fluctuated Distortion Measure 163 B. 1 Measure Construction . 163 B. 2 The Relation Between Fluctuation and Error 166 C SPAN Convergence Theory 171 C. 1 Asymptotic Value of Wi 172 C. 2 Energy Function . .
The Fourth International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based S- tems (SITIS 2008) has been successfully held during the period 30th November to 3rd of December of the year 2008 in Bali, Indonesia. The Track Web-Based Information Te- nologies & Distributed Systems (WITDS) is one of the four tracks of the conference. The track is devoted to emerging and novel concepts, architectures and methodologies for c- ating an interconnected world in which information can be exchanged easily, tasks can be processed collaboratively, and communities of users with similar interests can be formed while addressing security threats that are present more than ever before. The track has attracted a large number of submissions; only ?fteen papers have been accepted with - ceptance rate 27%. After the successful presentations of the papers during the conference, the track chairs have agreed with Atlantis publisher to publish the extended versions of the papers in a book. Each paper has been extended with a minimum of 30% new materials from its original conference manuscript. This book contains these extendedversions as chaptersafter a second roundof reviews and improvement. The book is an excellent resource of information to researchers and it is based on four themes; the ?rst theme is on advances in ad-hoc and routing protocols, the second theme focuses on the latest techniques and methods on intelligent systems, the third theme is a latest trend in Security and Policies, and the last theme is applications of algorithms design methodologies on web based systems.
The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
"Some dinosaurs are landlocked - the best fly. Father James Lloyd takes to the skies as he describes the beauty of the Catholic Church's magnificent traditions and the courage it take to be truly Catholic."
- Dr. E. Mark Stern - Psychoanalyst
Professor Emeritus of Psychology - Iona College
"An honest and provocative book which challenges contemporary political correctness...well worth reading."
- Bishop Thomas V.Dailey Retired Bishop of Brooklyn, New York and West Palm Beach, Florida
This book is the culmination of a lifetime of experiences.
Father James Lloyd has been a New York state licensed psychologist for 30 years with a PhD in psychology from NYU.
He likes to say "I am half Russian Jew and half Irish but ALL Catholic. My parents were Vaudevillians and I was a classic 'dirty neck kid' from San Juan Hill in West Side Manhattan."
As an adult, Lloyd spent time as a missionary in southern Africa, taught theology, was the rector of a seminary, and hosted an interview show on WNBC for 15 years. On his show, he interviewed a tremendous variety of celebrities, including Bill Buckley Jr., Mother Teresa, David Susskind and Jackie Gleason. He worked with divorced and separated Catholics, with widows and widowers. He preached missions in parishes, gave retreats to clergy, taught psychology on the undergraduate level and was the Director of the Graduate Division of Pastoral Counseling at Iona College for 20 years. Since retirement, he runs a weekly group for the Archdiocese of New York to help males who seek inner chastity in the face of their strong same sex attractions.
He has seen miracles of God's grace in all aspects of life.
This book presents a series of convictions about life and its meaning through the eyes of what he has seen of life. Each writing articulates his beliefs and a deeply personal view of the world as it stands today.
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