A origem da desigualdade entre os homens

Editora Schwarcz - Companhia das Letras

A matriz do pensamento moral e político de Rousseau em um dos documentos mais revolucionários do século XVIII. Este notável clássico da filosofia política foi escrito por Rousseau para atender à questão posta pela Academia de Dijon — "Qual é a origem da desigualdade entre os homens e se ela é legitimada pela lei natural". Em sua resposta, o filósofo se pergunta em primeiro lugar "o que é o homem?". Para tanto, remonta à ideia de estado de natureza, para em seguida evidenciar o quanto a humanidade se afastou dele e, assim, fixar o cerne do problema da desigualdade entre os homens. Segundo Rousseau, o crescimento da civilização corrompe a felicidade natural do homem e sua liberdade ao criar desigualdades artificiais de riqueza, poder e privilégios sociais. Alvo de duras críticas ao longo dos séculos, este discurso se mantém tão atual e polêmico quanto o foi em 1755.
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About the author

Jean-Jacques Rousseau nasceu em Genebra em 1712 e se mudou para Paris em 1741. É autor do notável romance A nova Heloísa (1761), que obteve sucesso retumbante e imediato, e de clássicos da filosofia política, como Do contrato social, publicado em 1762. Foi expulso da Suíça e fugiu para a Inglaterra, antes de retomar suas peregrinações continentais. Passou seus últimos anos na França, onde morreu em 1778.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Editora Schwarcz - Companhia das Letras
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Published on
Oct 27, 2017
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Pages
144
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ISBN
9788554510008
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Language
Portuguese
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Genres
Philosophy / Political
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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[F]rom the moment one man began to stand in need of another's assistance; from the moment it appeared an advantage for one man to possess the quantity of provisions requisite for two, all equality vanished; property started up; labour became necessary; and boundless forests became smiling fields, which it was found necessary to water with human sweat, and in which slavery and misery were soon seen to sprout out and grow with the fruits of the earth. -from "Second Part" Was man better off before he invented "civil society"? From where does social inequality spring? Did the development of agriculture and technology doom most of humanity to an everlasting enslavement to the tiny minority of the wealthy and the strong? This 1754 essay, written in response to concepts of the "natural man" developed by philosopher Thomas Hobbes, explores such ideas, radical at the time and still considered such today. Rousseau's thoughts continue to be echoed, however, in modern philosophical movements from feminism to environmentalism, and ensure that his examination of the history of human civilization, in its broadest sense, remains vital today. Swiss philosopher JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) was a dramatic influence on the French revolution, 19th-century communism, the American Founding Fathers, and much modern political thought. His works include Discourse on the Arts and Sciences (1750), Discourse on Political Economy (1755), and The Social Contract, Or Principles of Political Right (1762).
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