Compensation in the form of health insurance is not included in taxable income, unlike compensation paid in the form of cash. This study considers how this tax subsidy affects the cost & availability of health insurance & compares the present subsidy with other subsidy mechanisms similar to those that have been part of recent legislative proposal. 20 charts & tables.
"The Congress created the Arsenal Support Program Initiative (ASPI) to help maintain the functional capabilities of the Army's three manufacturing arsenals, which are located in Rock Island, Illinois, Watervliet, New York, and Pine Bluff, Arkansas. A primary goal of the program is to enable commercial firms to lease vacant space at the arsenals once that space has been renovated, thereby encouraging collaboration between the Army and commercial firms as well as reducing the costs the government incurs to operate and maintain the arsenal facilities. Since the ASPI's inception, a number of commercial tenants have leased unused property at the arsenals; however, the financial benefits that the program has generated for the government have proved to be small relative to the program's funding. In response to a directive from the Congress, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) conducted a 'business case' analysis of the ASPI, examining the program's costs, return on investment, and economic impact. In keeping with CBO's mandate to provide objective, nonpartisan analysis, this report makes no recommendations."--Preface.
"This Congressional Budget Office (CBO) publication provides additional information about long-term projections of the Social Security program's finances that were included in The long-term budget outlook (June 2010, revised August 2010) and in Social security policy (July 2010). Those projections, which cover the 75-year period spanning 2010 to 2084, and the additional information presented in this document update projections CBO prepared last year and reported in CBO's Long-term projections for social security : 2009 update." --Preface.
"A centerpiece of the Department of Defense's (DoD's) transformation efforts in recent years has been the move toward making ground forces less reliant on access to foreign-controlled facilities such as harbors, airports, or logistics bases on the ground in their area of operations." "The United States Marine Corps and Army have long maintained expeditionary forces organized and equipped to be rapidly moved and inserted into combat with little reliance on access to local bases or infrastructure. Recognizing the vulnerability of forces that are dependent on local access (as U.S. forces have been in Afghanistan and Iraq), the Department of Defense (DoD) is improving its expeditionary capabilities across all of the military services. Prominent among those efforts is the Navy's plan to field a 14-ship squadro--the Maritime Prepositioning Force (Future), or MPF(F--that would be capable of deploying, employing, and sustaining a Marine expeditionary brigade with little or no need for access to local bases or other infrastructure. This study ... looks at the capabilities and costs associated with MPF(F) and sea basing in general as well as other approaches that DoD might take to improve its expeditionary capabilities."--Preface
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