Goethes sämtliche werke: Gedichte

J. G. Cotta



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J. G. Cotta
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Dec 31, 1893
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Johann Wolfgang Goethe
«En definitiva, ?Las penas del joven Werther? es una novela clásica muy recomendable para los no iniciados en Goethe, que emociona y que además incita a seguir leyendo el resto de la obra de este genio de la literatura, por su maestría y atemporalidad» Mar LópezPublicada en 1774, revisada en 1787, Las penas del joven Werther es quizá una de las obras más influyentes de la literatura universal. El «efecto Werther» no sólo creó tendencias literarias y modas en el vestir, sino también una peculiar oleada de suicidios. Fue libro de cabecera de Napoleón? y también del monstruo de Frankenstein. Todos ?clásicos y románticos? quisieron apropiarse de él: fue icono del sentimentalismo y héroe de la exaltación revolucionaria; también fue, como dijo Thomas Mann, «el horror y el espanto de los moralistas». Al final de su vida, Goethe lamentaba que la mayoría de los jóvenes que peregrinaban a Weimar para visitarlo sólo conocieran esa obra suya. Hoy leer las desventuras de este joven artista burgués que, a raíz de un amor prohibido, descubre su insospechada comunidad con los locos, los humildes, los desdichados y hasta los asesinos no anula ni el distanciamiento ni la identificación. Werther sigue preguntándonos si pactar es una necesidad o una rendición. Sigue apuntando a nuestro yo, y lo que significa conservarlo. Sigue hablando de nosotros mismos.

Este volumen incluye las clásicas ilustraciones de Daniel Nikolaus Chodowiecki para las primeras ediciones del libro.

Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
The Sorrows of Young Werther is an epistolary novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. It's publication instantly made the 24-year-old Goethe one of the first international literary celebrities. Of all his works, this book was the most known to the general public. Werther gives a very intimate account of his stay in the fictional village of Wahlheim (based on the town of Garbenheim, near Wetzlar).[citation needed] He is enchanted by the simple ways of the peasants there. He meets Lotte, a beautiful young girl who is taking care of her siblings following the death of their mother. Despite knowing beforehand that Lotte is already engaged to a man named Albert who is 11 years her senior, Werther falls in love with her. Although this causes Werther great pain, he spends the next few months cultivating a close friendship with both of them. His pain eventually becomes so great that he is forced to leave and go to Weimar. While he is away, he makes the acquaintance of Fräulein von B. He suffers a great embarrassment when he forgetfully visits a friend and has to face the normal weekly gathering of the entire aristocratic set. He returns to Wahlheim after this, where he suffers more than he did before, partially because Lotte and Albert are now married. Every day serves as a torturous reminder that Lotte will never be able to requite his love. Out of pity for her friend and respect for her husband, Lotte comes to the decision that Werther must not visit her so frequently. Werther had realized even before this incident that one member of their love triangle — Lotte, Albert or Werther himself — had to die in order to resolve the situation. Unable to hurt anyone else or seriously consider committing murder, Werther sees no other choice but to take his own life. After composing a farewell letter to be found after his suicide, he writes to Albert asking for his two pistols, under a pretence that he is going "on a journey". Lotte receives the request with great emotion and sends the pistols. Werther then shoots himself in the head, but does not expire until 12 hours after he has shot himself. He is buried under a linden tree, a tree he talks about frequently in his letters, and the funeral is not attended by clergymen, Albert or his beloved Lotte.
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