Automation and Utopia: Human Flourishing in a World without Work

Harvard University Press
Free sample

Automating technologies threaten to usher in a workless future, but John Danaher argues that this can be a good thing. A world without work may be a kind of utopia, free of the misery of the job and full of opportunities for creativity and exploration. If we play our cards right, automation could be the path to idealized forms of human flourishing.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Harvard University Press
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Published on
Sep 24, 2019
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Pages
288
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ISBN
9780674983403
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Cybernetics
Computers / Social Aspects
Computers / Virtual Worlds
Philosophy / Social
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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The narrative in this book, in abridged form, was awarded 1st prize at the UIA (International Union of Architects) 2014 International Architectural Ideas Competition Utopia and Happiness. This is a story revealed in a Manuscript written by Ladislas, a 14th century Lithuanian explorer, who traveled in remote regions of the East and discovered ruins of Tln, a, hitherto unknown, utopian civilisation. Ladislas describes a society which practiced peaceful co-existence and tolerance in all its manifestations and whose mainstream philosophy was idealism. The extraordinary fact was that the Manuscript remained in obscurity for about five hundred years until it passed, sometime in the middle of the 19th century, to the posession of Leonid Krk, one of the leading rare book collectors in London. Krk, a notable scholar in Baltic literature, who translated the manuscript into English, was later sentenced for fraud; most of his possessions and his Drury Lane residence, or what remained of it after the 1868 fire, were confiscated. The manuscript was sold at an auction to Caspar Amorson, a Scandinavian urban planner, who donated to the author an english copy. The Manuscript contains entities about the language, the philosophy, the social values, and the history of the civilisation discovered; it also describes, in an extended section, its architecture and town design and building. As the reader travels through the story, it becomes increasingly clearer that the four Ages in the history of Tln resemble, in some ways, our stages of evolution. In particular the third, alluding to the environmental crisis, forewarns a Huxley-like scenario of overcoming it.
In recent years, the grappling arts have proven to be the most effective form of combat in mixed martial arts (MMA) and no-holds-barred (NHB) competitions. Above all others, the Gracie brand of Brazilian jujitsu has become recognized as the preeminent fighting style in unarmed combat. Now Renzo Gracie—instructor; competitor; and champion of numerous grappling, MMA, and NHB events—reveals the inner workings of the art in his latest book, Mastering Jujitsu. From the origins of the art to personal techniques, you will experience the impact the Gracies have had on jujitsu and learn the strategies they have developed to dominate their opponents. Gracie shares the subtleties of the techniques necessary for mastering the art, and he clearly demonstrates the flow of movement with more than 250 high-quality photos. Not only will Mastering Jujitsu help you progress from isolated skill development techniques to a full set of tactics and fight plans, but it will also introduce you to the concept of combat phases and teach you to attack from any phase. You will learn how to react to your opponent in any situation. Whether you’re caught in a bottom position or attacking from the top, Gracie reveals the key strategies designed to give you the upper hand. The depth and breadth of topics covered in Mastering Jujitsu will aid even the most experienced black belts in their understanding and execution of Brazilian jujitsu. With detailed coverage on advanced principles, you will get all the tactics, strategies, techniques, and drills you need for close combat fighting. Contents Chapter 1. Classical Jujitsu: Theory and History Chapter 2. Modern Jujitsu: New Concepts, New Directions Chapter 3. Underlying Theory and Strategy of Modern Jujitsu Chapter 4. Free-Movement Phase Chapter 5. Clinch Phase Chapter 6. Ground Fighting Chapter 7. Winning From the Bottom Position Chapter 8. Winning From the Top Position Chapter 9. Training and Competition Chapter 10. Jujitsu for Self-Defense
Perspectives from philosophy, psychology religious studies, economics, and law on the possible future of robot-human sexual relationships.

Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people's sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant future. Despite popular culture's fascination with the topic, and the emergence of the much-publicized Campaign Against Sex Robots, there has been little academic research on the social, philosophical, moral, and legal implications of robot sex. This book fills the gap, offering perspectives from philosophy, psychology, religious studies, economics, and law on the possible future of robot-human sexual relationships.

Contributors discuss what a sex robot is, if they exist, why we should take the issue seriously, and what it means to “have sex” with a robot. They make the case for developing sex robots, arguing for their beneficial nature, and the case against it, on religious and moral grounds; they consider the subject from the robot's perspective, addressing such issues as consent and agency; and they ask whether it is possible for a human to form a mutually satisfying, loving relationship with a robot. Finally, they speculate about the future of human-robot sexual interaction, considering the social acceptability of sex robots and the possible effect on society.

Contributors
Marina Adshade, Thomas Arnold, Julie Carpenter, John Danaher, Brian Earp, Lily Eva Frank, Joshua Goldstein, Michael Hauskeller, Noreen Herzfeld, Neil McArthur, Mark Migotti, Sven Nyholm, Ezio di Nucci, Steve Petersen, Anders Sandberg, Matthias Scheutz, Litska Strikwerda, Nicole Wyatt

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