The Promise of Reconciliation? explores the relationship between violence, nonviolence, and reconciliation in societal conflicts with questions such as: In what ways does violence impact the reconciliation process that necessarily follows a cessation of deadly conflict? Would an understanding of how conflict has been engaged, with violence or nonviolence, be conducive to how it could be prevented from sliding further into violence? The contributors examine international influences on the peace/reconciliation process in Indonesiaâs Aceh conflict, as well as the role of Muslim religious scholars in promoting peace. They also examine the effect of violence in southern Thailand, where insurgent violence has provided âleverage"during the fighting, but negatively affects post-conflict objectives. The chapter on Sri Lanka shows that âsuccessful"violence does not necessarily end conflictâSri Lankan society today is more polarized than it was before its civil war. The Vietnam chapter argues that the rise of nonviolent protest in Vietnam reflects a profound loss of state legitimacy, which cannot be resolved with force, while another chapter on Thailand examines âRed Sunday,"a Thai political movement engaged in nonviolent protest in the face of violent government suppression. The book ends with a look at Indonesian cities, sites of ethnic conflicts, as potential abodes of peace if violence can be curtailed.
Who is Daisaku Ikeda? At one level, he is the leader of a religious movement - Soka Gakkai - which began in Japan, where it still has its headquarters, but which now claims 12 million adherents around the world. At another level, he is a globetrotting figure whose formal conversations with diverse writers, thinkers and diplomats - including Arnold Toynbee, Joseph Rotblat and Mikhail Gorbachev - have garnered him an international profile, as well as academic recognition. Perhaps above all else, Daisaku Ikeda is viewed as a campaigner for peace. And it is Ikeda's specific contribution to peacebuilding, notably through the central emphasis he has placed on the significance of dialogue, that this book explores: the first to do so in a concerted way. Olivier Urbain shows that while Soka Gakkai (the 'value society') may stem from the medieval principles of Nichiren Buddhism, under Ikeda's leadership it has taken these classic wisdoms and transformed them. Now essentially classless and secularised, as well as adaptable and sensitive to modern challenges like resource shortages and climate change, this - argues the author - is a pragmatic approach to peace which has proved both popular and eminently transportable. ‘Fascinating.. learned.. pioneering.’ - Jan Øberg, Director, Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, Lund, Sweden ‘A timely and penetrating assessment.’ - Joseph A. Camilleri, Professor of International Relations, LaTrobe University
The prominent Buddhist religious leader and advocate for peace, Daisaku Ikeda, has placed dialogue at the centre of his efforts towards securing global justice and conflict resolution. However, far from constituting abstract plans for the future of the world, Ikeda's dialogues represent very concrete and focused activity. He concentrates on one significant individual (such as Joseph Rotblat, Linus Pauling, Mikhail Gorbachev and Tu Weiming) at a time, or sometimes small groups, in order to attempt the transformation of thinking and society through intense discussion. This book offers detailed exploration of this crucial aspect of Ikeda's philosophy of peace. Contributors examine topics such as : the background to Ikeda's use of dialogue, specifically in the field of education; and dialogue in relation to the abolition of nuclear weapons. Ikeda's concept of dialogue emerges as a paradoxical movement towards common ground based on a deep respect for differences. This study will appeal to students of peace, politics and modern Buddhism.
Every year since 1983 the Buddhist leader and thinker, Daisaku Ikeda, has issued a peace proposal that presents solutions to a variety of global problems. While the proposals themselves are both wide-ranging and specific (covering topics as diverse as counter-terrorism relations; the prohibition of child soldiers; denuclearization of the Arctic; and strategies to prevent global warming), the common denominator at their center is the role and effectiveness of the United Nations in addressing structural challenges and inequality. This substantial volume brings together, for the first time in one place, excerpts from the most topical and important of Ikeda’s peace proposals. Themes like human security, the empowerment of women, nuclear disarmament and the centrality of dialogue are throughout informed by an unshakeable belief in the potential and promise of the UN’s world mission, as well as by Ikeda’s own experience of the cruelty of war and his articulation of Buddhism as a practical route to peace. The book makes a timely and vital contribution to ethics, peace studies and international relation
Dès qu'elle eut franchi la porte du HUG, un sentiment de familiarité envahit Monica Meirim. Des années durant, elle était entrée ainsi dans un établissement hospitalier afin d'y exercer son métier d'infirmière. Puis, durant de longues semaines, elle avait connu l'envers du décor en tant que patiente. Aujourd'hui, elle se dirigeait vers le département des soins intensifs au service de transplantation avec la ferme intention de laisser les six derniers mois derrière elle, de remettre sa vie sur de bons rails et de regarder vers l'avenir. Si beaucoup de choses avaient changé en elle, son désir de soigner, d'aider les autres restait intact. Peut-être même avait-il été renforcé par les épreuves qu'elle avait traversées.
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