John M. Butler is a NIST Fellow and Special Assistant to the Director for Forensic Science, Office of Special Programs, at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology, in Gaithersburg, Maryland. Dr. Butler earned his PhD from the University of Virginia while doing DNA research in the FBI Laboratory's Forensic Science Research Unit. He has won numerous scientific awards, including being named Science Watch’s #1 world-wide high-impact author in legal medicine and forensic science over the last decade (July 2011). He has over 150 publications in this field and is a frequent presenter on the topic of DNA typing, and has authored four other DNA Typing books including Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing: Methodology. For a detailed CV, visit http://www.cstl.nist.gov/strbase/butler.htm.
The authors provide a full background on both the molecular biology and the mathematical theory behind forensic tests, describing the molecular biological process in simple mechanical terms that are familiar to everyone, and periodically emphasizing the practical, take-home messages the student truly needs to understand.
Pedagogical elements such as Recapping the Main Point boxes and valuable ancillary material (Instructors' Manual, PowerPoint slides) make this an ideal text for professors."Recapping the Main Point" boxes provide a simple and concise summary of the main pointsIncludes a glossary of essential terms and their definitionsContains a full-color insert with illustrations that emphasize key concepts
Clarke also covers cases where DNA evidence was used to exonerate. He directed a special project in San Diego County, proactively examining over six hundred cases of defendants convicted and sentenced to prison before 1993, with the goal of finding instances in which DNA typing might add new evidence and then offered testing to those inmates.
As Clarke tells the story of how he came to understand and use this new form of evidence, readers will develop a new appreciation for the role of science in the legal system.
Molecular Photofitting provides an accessible roadmap for both the forensic scientist hoping to make use of the new tests becoming available, and for the human genetic researcher working to discover the panels of markers that comprise these tests. By implementing population structure as a practical forensics and clinical genomics tool, Molecular Photofitting serves to redefine the way science and history look at ancestry and genetics, and shows how these tools can be used to maximize the efficacy of our criminal justice system.Explains how physical descriptions of individuals can be generated using only their DNAContains case studies that show how this new forensic technology is used in practical applicationIncludes over 100 diagrams, tables, and photos to illustrate and outline complex concepts
Written by a forensic scientist world renowned for her expertise in clothing examination, the book provides a balanced perspective on the weight of DNA evidence. Going beyond a simple explanation of the methodology, it arms attorneys and other criminal justice professionals with knowledge of the strengths and limitations of the evidence, including the danger in relying on DNA statistical probabilities in the determination of guilt.
The book covers the most common DNA methods used in criminal trials today—nuclear DNA short tandem repeat (STR) techniques, mitochondrial DNA, and Y-STR profiling. It helps prosecutors know when to emphasize DNA evidence or proceed with trial in the absence of such evidence. It assists defense lawyers in knowing when to challenge DNA evidence and perhaps employ an independent expert, when to focus elsewhere, or when to secure the advantage of an early guilty plea.
By imparting practical and theoretical knowledge in an accessible manner, the book demystifies the topic to help both sides of the adversarial system understand where DNA evidence fits within the context of the case.
The book covers topics from introductory level right up to cutting edge research. High-profile cases are addressed throughout the text, near the sections dealing with the science or issues behind these cases. Ten new chapters have been added to accommodate the explosion of new information since the turn of the century. These additional chapters cover statistical genetic analysis of DNA data, an emerging field of interest to DNA research. Several chapters on statistical analysis of short tandem repeat (STR) typing data have been contributed by Dr. George Carmody, a well-respected professor in forensic genetics. Specific examples make the concepts of population genetics more understandable.
This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in forensic DNA analysis, forensic scientists, population geneticists, military and private and public forensic laboratories (for identifying individuals through remains), and students of forensic science.*The only book available that specifically covers detailed information on mitochondrial DNA and the Y chromosome
Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Third Edition,provides current case studies that reflect the ways professional forensic scientists work, not how forensic academicians teach. The book includes the binding principles of forensic science, including the relationships between people, places, and things as demonstrated by transferred evidence, the context of those people, places, and things, and the meaningfulness of the physical evidence discovered, along with its value in the justice system.
Written by two of the leading experts in forensic science today, the book approaches the field from a truly unique and exciting perspective, giving readers a new understanding and appreciation for crime scenes as recent pieces of history, each with evidence that tells a story.Straightforward organization that includes key terms, numerous feature boxes emphasizing online resources, historical events, and figures in forensic scienceCompelling, actual cases are included at the start of each chapter to illustrate the principles being coveredEffective training, including end-of-chapter questions – paired with a clear writing style making this an invaluable resource for professors and students of forensic scienceOver 250 vivid, color illustrations that diagram key concepts and depict evidence encountered in the field
It offers a thorough explanation of how computer networks function, how they can be involved in crimes, and how they can be used as a source of evidence. In particular, it addresses the abuse of computer networks as well as privacy and security issues on computer networks.
This updated edition is organized into five parts. Part 1 is about digital forensics and covers topics ranging from the use of digital evidence in the courtroom to cybercrime law. Part 2 explores topics such as how digital investigations are conducted, handling a digital crime scene, and investigative reconstruction with digital evidence. Part 3 deals with apprehending offenders, whereas Part 4 focuses on the use of computers in digital investigation. The book concludes with Part 5, which includes the application of forensic science to networks.
New to this edition are updated information on dedicated to networked Windows, Unix, and Macintosh computers, as well as Personal Digital Assistants; coverage of developments in related technology and tools; updated language for search warrant and coverage of legal developments in the US impacting computer forensics; and discussion of legislation from other countries to provide international scope. There are detailed case examples that demonstrate key concepts and give students a practical/applied understanding of the topics, along with ancillary materials that include an Instructor's Manual and PowerPoint slides.
This book will prove valuable to computer forensic students and professionals, lawyers, law enforcement, and government agencies (IRS, FBI, CIA, CCIPS, etc.).Named The 2011 Best Digital Forensics Book by InfoSec ReviewsProvides a thorough explanation of how computers & networks function, how they can be involved in crimes, and how they can be used as evidence Features coverage of the abuse of computer networks and privacy and security issues on computer networks