Many historians give William Sherman total credit for the success of the Atlanta Campaign, when in fact it was the success of the Federal team as an institution. Conversely, many blame Joseph Johnston for the Confederate loss in that campaign, when in fact he was only one cog in the Confederate war machine. It was beyond Johnston ‘s ability to adapt if President Jefferson Davis and the rest of the Confederate team failed in fulfilling their duties. More importantly, the Federal team adapted during the middle of the war. In short they were able to transform the way they fought the war. The Confederates in the west were never able to do the same.
General of the Army William Tecumseh Sherman was an extraordinary, controversial and complex individual. His ascension into the pantheon of American great captains was neither preordained nor expected. Wading through an average military career following his graduation from West Point, Sherman resigned his commission and tried his hand in the business and education sectors prior to the breakout of the American Civil War. Returned to active service in 1861, Sherman slogged through the first year of the war and found himself relegated to a recruiting and training billet in St. Louis, Missouri. Grasping the rising star of General of the Army Ulysses S. Grant, Sherman saved himself and elevated his performance to that of greatness. Forever associated with the Battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Chattanooga, Meridian and Atlanta and the Georgia and Carolina Campaigns, Sherman propelled himself from tactical mediocrity to operational brilliance. How did Sherman overcome his lackluster beginnings and transform himself into an inspiring figurehead studied throughout the world for his military accomplishments? By analyzing Sherman’s battles and campaigns from 1862-1865, this paper delves into his transformation by exploring his visualization and understanding of operational art through the lens of current United States Army doctrine.
In this volume author James Donnell explores the entire Atlanta campaign, from Sherman's initial clashes with Joseph E. Johnston's army of Tennessee to the final Confederate resistance under General John Bell Hood. Perfectly complemented by specially commissioned artwork and detailed maps, this study takes the reader from the border of Georgia and Tennessee to Atlanta, with Sherman preparing for his famous March to the Sea.
This study of both commanders planning and execution of a campaign characterized by maneuver, rather than large scale battles, highlights five important insights into operational warfighting. These insights include the translation of strategic guidance into an operational plan, offensive and defensive operational planning, the importance of deception, the effects of sustainment on an operation, and the influence of leadership on the planning and conduct of a campaign.
First, this work investigates the tradition of the Union cavalry and the state of Sherman’s cavalry at the beginning of the campaign. Secondly, an analysis of the cavalry operations breaks the use of cavalry into three phases and focuses on the various missions which were attempted. Finally, the study addresses the lessons learned and what the applicability is for modern operations.
This study concludes that although the Union cavalry was well manned and well equipped, improper employment and deficient senior leadership caused it to play an unsuccessful and detrimental part in the overall campaign.
Readership: Readers interested in an overview of world issues and a brief history of their origins.
The first edition of Information Theory and Evolution made a strong impact on thought in the field by bringing together results from many disciplines. The new second edition offers updated results based on reports of important new research in several areas, including exciting new studies of the human mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal DNA. Another extensive discussion featured in the second edition is contained in a new appendix devoted to the relationship of entropy and Gibbs free energy to economics. This appendix includes a review of the ideas of Alfred Lotka, Frederick Soddy, Nicholas Georgiescu-Roegen and Herman E. Daly, and discusses the relevance of these ideas to the current economic crisis.
The new edition discusses current research on the origin of life, the distinction between thermodynamic information and cybernetic information, new DNA research and human prehistory, developments in current information technology, and the relationship between entropy and economics.
Chapter 1: Pioneers of Evolutionary Thought (242 KB)
Contents:Pioneers of Evolutionary ThoughtCharles Darwin's Life and WorkMolecular Biology and EvolutionStatistical Mechanics and InformationInformation Flow in BiologyCultural Evolution and InformationInformation TechnologyBioinformation TechnologyLooking Towards the FutureAppendix A: Entropy and InformationAppendix B: BiosemioticsAppendix C: Entropy and Economics
Readership: Students, professionals, and all readers with scientific or engineering training regardless of field.
Keywords:Information Theory;Evolution;Origin of Life;Statistical Mechanics;Thermodynamics;Entropy;Gibbs Free Energy;Cultural Evolution;Bio-Information Technology;BiosemioticsKey Features:No other book gives a quantitative derivation of the information content of Gibbs free energyThe book presents a unique discussion of the differences between thermodynamic information and cybernetic (or semiotic) informationThe unique appendix discusses the relationship between entropy, economics and the current economic crisis
Readership: Researchers in quantum physics, theoretical/quantum chemistry and numerical and computational mathematics.
Keywords:Group Theory;Quantum Theory;Configuration Interaction;Computational Algorithms;Generalized SturmiansKey Features:The book describes easy algorithms for automatic generation of symmetry-adapted basis functionsIt also discusses the Generalized Sturmian Method and its applications to both atomic and molecular calculations. The method leads to automatic scaling of basis functionsA new method is introduced which applies hyperspherical harmonic theory to the rapid calculation of interelectron repulsion integrals involving exponential-type orbitals