The book will be of interest to all researchers in academia and industry working in pharmaceutical discovery and development, as well as readers from the field of occupational exposure and risk assessment, especially those whose work involves agrochemicals, bulk chemicals and cosmetics.
Presenting the first comprehensive reference on this important area of research, Dermatokinetics of Therapeutic Agents includes a general overview of the theoretical as well as practical aspects of dermatokinetics and addresses the impact of a drug delivery system on the dermatokinetics of drugs. Chapters and illustrations cover introductory aspects and the significance, methods, and models used in dermatokinetic studies of therapeutic agents.
Theoretical Models for Dermatokinetics of Therapeutic Agents Drug Delivery Approaches to Modulate Dermatokinetics of Drugs Conventional Methods of Cutaneous Drug Sampling Cutaneous Microdialysis Sampling Substrates by Skin Permeabilization Spectroscopic Techniques in Dermatokinetics Studies Regulatory Perspective of Dermatokinetic Studies
This book provides a wealth of theoretical and practical information not easily found in any other single source.
The book includes both science and technological aspects of new drug delivery systems. Its unique focus is that it is on new drug delivery systems that are considered to be "non-invasive". Other unique features include a chapter on Regulatory Aspects of non-invasive systems and one on FDA guidance for topical nano-drug delivery. Two chapters covering market trends and perspectives, as well as providing guidance to those marketing such systems are also included.
A comprehensive discussion of these technologies and practices, Transdermal and Intradermal Delivery of Therapeutic Agents: Application of Physical Technologies covers:
Commercial development of devices and products based on transdermal physical enhancement technologies Selecting optimal enhancement technology for a specific drug molecule using case studies Physicochemical properties and practical commercial considerations related to cost, unmet clinical needs, marketing, or intellectual property protection Technologies such as microneedles, iontophoresis, electroporation, and sonophoresis, with examples for delivery of small molecules, cosmeceuticals, proteins, and vaccines Practical information on experimental procedures and challenges related to skin irritation and safety issues
Up-to-date and accessible to researchers and industry experts, this book provides a comprehensive discussion of the physical approaches and practical considerations for the laboratory and marketplace.
Furthermore, it presents in-depth analyses of recent developments in this exponentially growing field, with a focus on microneedle arrays, needle-free injections, nanoparticulate systems and peptide-carrier-type systems. It also covers conventional physical enhancement strategies, such as tape-stripping, sonophoresis, iontophoresis, electroporation and thermal/suction/laser ablation Discussions about the penetration of the stratum corneum by the various novel strategies highlight the importance of the application method. Comprehensive and critical reviews of transdermal and intradermal delivery research using such systems focus on the outcomes of in vivoanimal and human studies. The book includes laboratory, clinical and commercial case studies featuring safety and patient acceptability studies carried out to date, and depicts a growing area for use of these novel systems is in intradermal vaccine delivery. The final chapters review recent patents in this field and describe the work ongoing in industry.