Gunlicks provides a systematic and thematic (rather than country-by-country) approach that promotes comparisons of similarities and differences based on variables and concepts familiar to American and European students and the attentive publics in Europe and North America. After laying out a historical background, he explores liberal democratic, semi-democratic, and non-democratic states; territorial organization; presidential versus parliamentary political systems; separation of powers and checks and balances in these different political systems; electoral systems; legal systems; and the liberal democratic welfare state.
A comprehensive core text, Comparing Liberal Democracies provides the background and concepts necessary for a better understanding of liberal democracies in general and of the American and major European democracies in particular.
comparative study of electoral systems is undergoing a lively revival. In the
past five years, over a dozen books on electoral systems have been written by
scholars from many nations and from many disciplines (see reviews of a number
of these in Lijphart, Political geography, long moribund, is undergoing a
remarkable renaissance (see reviews in Grofman, Taylor, Gudgin, and Johnston,
this volume). Social choice theorists have begun to link axiomatic criteria for
representative systems to practical political issues in choosing an election
system (see especially Brams and Fishburn, Fishburn, this volume). In the
United States, sparked in large part by the efforts of the section on
Representation and Electoral Systems of the American Political Science
Association, the history of American electoral experimentation with
proportional representation, weighted voting, and limited voting is being
rediscovered (see Grofman Weaver, this volume).
renewed scholarly attention to the study of electoral systems is long overdue.
The late Stein Rokkan wrote as recently as 1968, "Given the crucial
importance of the organization of legitimate elections in the development of
the mass democracies of the twentieth century, it is indeed astounding to
discover how little serious effort has been invested in the comparative study
of the wealth of information available” (Rokkan, 1968, 17). The long past
neglect of electoral systems by social scientists is especially surprising
since election rules not only have important effects on other elements of the
political system, especially the party system, but also offer a practical
instrument for political engineers who want to make changes in the political
system. Indeed, Sartori aptly characterizes electoral systems as ”the most
specific manipulative instrument of politics” 273)
volume on the impact of electoral laws...includes a very good bibliography and
index...establishes a broader international and interdisciplinary perspective
on the methods of representation.”--‘American Political Science Review’
The American Anomaly systematically analyzes the U.S. political system by way of comparison with other countries, especially other industrialized democracies. It is organized into four sections, respectively covering the constitutional order, governmental institutions, political participation, and public policy. Extended case studies in each chapter draw on all the major regions of the world.
Thoroughly revised throughout, the second edition also includes:
a new chapter on domestic public policy, including civil rights and liberties;
a new chapter on foreign policy;
updates throughout to reflect the 2008 elections and the beginning of the Obama administration;
a reorganized section on political participation;
over a dozen new figures and tables.
A companion website also offers overview slides, links, and other supporting features.
That is the subject of this book, with particular attention to the following questions:
-- What are the strengths and weaknesses of the available models of democratic governance and how adaptable are they to other societies? (Joel Aberbach; Bert Rockman; Gregory S. Mahler);
-- What are the most effective mechanisms for ensuring the accountability of public officials? (Fred W. Riggs; James L. Sundquist);
-- How does legislative structure enhance or diminish the prospects for democratic stabilization? (Abdo I. Baaklini);
-- What can transitional societies learn from the experience of India, Turkey, and Russia? (T.V. Sathyamurthy; Ersin Kalaycioglu; Erik P. Hoffmann);
-- How does the need for economic adjustment impact democractic consolidation? (Diane Ethier);
-- How has globalization complicated the task of democratic state-building? (Philp G. Cerny).
The purpose of the present study is to address these questions using a blend of theory, history, and statistical analysis. The Swedish experience provides a nearly perfect laboratory in which to study the effects of constitutional reform. During the past 200 years, Swedish governance has shifted from a king-dominated system with an unelected four-chamber parliament to a bicameral legislature elected with wealth-weighted voting in 1866, and then to a new electoral system based on proportional representation and universal suffrage in 1920, and finally to a unicameral parliamentary system in 1970. All these radical reorganizations of Swedish governance were accomplished peacefully using formal amendment procedures established by previous constitutions.
Theoretical work in public choice and political science implies that constitutional changes affect political equilibria and, thereby, government policies. There is much evidence of these effects in Swedish history. The historical evidence suggests that Swedish constitutional reforms have profoundly affected governmental policy making, and, indirectly, Swedish economic performance. A contractarian normative analysis of the constitutional reforms themselves and of the consequences of those reforms suggests that Swedish governance has been substantially improved by constitutional reform, although additional improvements may still be possible.
By focusing on constitutional issues rather than Sweden's political history, this book extends our understanding of constitutional reform and parliamentary democracy in general.
This book identifies six parliaments which exemplify the wide range of developments in the new post-communist political systems, from the stable consolidated democracies to the less stable and more authoritarian states, within which their respective parliaments function.
Finally the post-communist parliaments are compared with the presumptively more established west European parliaments. This book bridges the usual gap in research between the post-communist parliaments and more "normal" democratic parliaments to develop a common legislative research perspective on both new and established parliaments.
This book was previously published as a special issue of the Journal of Legislative Studies.
Los criterios de selección aplicados se basan en que los artículos trasciendan la actualidad inmediata de la fecha de publicación y en que no estén firmados por políticos, pues entendemos que su voz ya encuentra cada día amplios espacios en los medios de comunicación y que los ciudadanos conocen bien sus opiniones. No obstante, sí figura un interesantísimo diálogo entre Felipe González y Jordi Pujol (mantenido durante un acto que organizó EL PAÍS) que fue moderado por Javier Moreno.
Se ha procurado asimismo evitar textos que puedan resultar repetitivos o demasiado coincidentes entre sí. No obstante, esas reiteraciones se producen en alguna ocasión, como consecuencia de los grandes grupos ideológicos en que cada autor se encuadra, voluntaria o involuntariamente. Finalmente, otros textos se han incluido o excluido con el criterio de buscar un cierto equilibrio que permita la presencia de todas las posturas, compatible con una extensión que no haga inmanejable este libro. El total de artículos disponibles sumaba 552, de los que se han escogido 163.