Employee Law and Relations

GRIN Verlag
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, Harvard University, language: English, abstract: The last forty years in Britain have been characterised by enormous changes that have led to the consequent change in the role of legal regulations and the employment relationship at the work place. There exists an explicit transformation from the traditional legal abstention of the state to the use of individualistic legal employment rights to protect workers. The change in employment relations in Britain is traced to the adoption of new statutory rights for individuals by the Labour government. In the 1960’s the employment relations in Britain were best described as Voluntarist as the public policy at that time envisioned abstention of the state. Trade unions and Employers had to consult to reach any conceivable agreement, and this gave trade unions colossal power in protection of the workers’ interests. Coats (2010) identified that the state at the time had the sole responsibility of regulating aspects of child labour, safety at work and payment of wages in low-income industries. According to Dickens (2009) the shift from collective bargaining as the distinct method of regulation of employment is because of the conservative governments between the years of 1979-1997. The said governments concentrated on increasing of managerial control and freedom to take independent action. The labour governments then took over and employed a different approach through the introduction of minimum employment standards of regulation that were aimed at promotion of equality at work places. The changed attitudes of employment relations by European Union and the introduction of National Minimum Wage in 1999 led to the expansion of statutory rights. The affected aspects included rights relating to working time, consultation of employees and antidiscrimination hence positively affecting the rights of atypical workers (Dickens 2009). Current Problems in Employment Relations in Britain
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Publisher
GRIN Verlag
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Published on
Mar 13, 2013
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Pages
12
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ISBN
9783656390022
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Management
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Joseph Katie
Essay from the year 2011 in the subject History - World History - Modern History, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: The word humanism bases its origin from the 15th century Italian word umanista, which connotes, a teacher or scholar of classical Greek and Latin. The contemporary definition and meaning however stems, from the conceptions and works of German historian George Viogt who used the term Humanism to describe the renaissance movement in Italy, which revolutionized learning. However, over the ages, the word and concept has revolutionized to accommodate a more universally accepted meaning. Here, it refers to the study approach that focuses on human value and concern. Further according to the Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary, humanism refers to "any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, or dignity predominate” (691). In light of this humanism has different connotations, such as secular and religious. Thus, secular humanism ascribes to a philosophy that adopts reason, ethics, and the search for human fulfillment, and precisely abnegates supernatural and religious dogma as the basis of morality and decision-making. Thus based on theological underpinning secular humanists are atheists as demonstrated by Corliss Lamont who says, "Humanism contends that instead of the gods creating the cosmos, the cosmos, in the individualized form of human beings giving rein to their imagination, created the gods”(145). The history of secularism in modern world traces back to the mid 17th century when George Jacob Holyoake, in describing an ideology, accentuated on the acquisitiveness for accommodating a concept, based on verifiable questions authenticated by scientific means and statistical methods. In other word, the concept emerged because of increased discontentment of individuals, with the religious adages and dogmas of the religious assemblage. Thus, Historians ascertain that the movement traces back to the enlightenment era when individual thinkers began to question the fundamental certitudes and values of the religious groups, especially the catholic dogma.
Joseph Katie
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: A, Royal Holloway, University of London, language: English, abstract: This report covers a critical marketing audit of Apple, a company that operates in a highly competitive and dynamic high-tech industry. Specifically, the report analyses Apple’s current market strategy and business environment and then goes ahead to offer recommendations that the company’s marketing department can implement to improve the effectiveness of the company’s current marketing strategy. The report has found that competitor rivalry fuelled by intensive product development efforts have resulted into unusual brand loyalty even when competitors such as Samsung sell closely similar products at strangely low prices. Further, the study finds that Apple and its competitors share one common thing, creativity and innovation. Arguably, leading consumer electronics manufacturers in the US including Apple, Google, Microsoft, Samsung and IBM rose to fame courtesy of their cutting-edge technologies and product designs. In a nutshell, the study shows that Apple’s rise to fame was a result of its product innovation and diversification efforts by launching less conventional products such as iTunes. The report recommends that Apple should increase its product, business process, and business model innovations in order to address the stiff competition posed by rivals such as Samsung, HP, Dell, Microsoft, Google, and Lenovo. Further, the report recommends that Apple should become a lower seller so as to increase its customer base and build the confidence of the young and middle-level generations from less affluent households.
Joseph Katie
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: A, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: The role of Strategy Management is the study of managing the process in order to produce goods and services. Independently of whether we are talking about small business or corporate, managing strategy remains vital in order for the enterprise to function effectively. Production industry would of course consist of much more complicated process of managing strategy, because it involves design and creation of the product, its development, followed by distribution and coordinating several product lines if applies. One of the very important parts of the strategy management is effectiveness and efficiency of the production process, that’s means time, cost and quality, those are very important for operational management. Starbucks created cautiously with growers in Africa, South and Central America, and Asia-Pacific regions to assure the superior of its product. Starbucks connected all employees' "partners" and shaped harder to alternation them with the abilities all-important to best serve the customer. The environment at Starbucks was crafted afterwards the European-style espresso bar. Since the starting of Starbucks principle, the business strives for achievement through expanded development and market share. In 1956, Starbucks's first shopping centre was opened in 1960, the string of connections of 212 business shops, supplementing another 144 shops in 1964 (Goetz Sutton 2007). This development tendency set with Starbucks Company accomplishes the name of market foremost in the retail nourishment commerce in the United Kingdom in 1995. 1990 was assessed by Starbucks increase spectacularly, inserting a broad variety of markets, encompassing new geographic markets and new markets. Armstrong (2003) devotes the next charts display the Starbucks in distinct geographical positions, functioning in 11 worldwide markets.
Joseph Katie
Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Sociology - Culture, Technology, Peoples / Nations, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: In the contemporary society the concept of culture, is one that attracts diverged connotations. Nevertheless, despite the concept of globalization, which has acted as impetus to increased connectivity, in the world, leading to the emergence of global village, different groups; continue to harbor diverse cultural identities, while maintaining their identities. Indeed globalization has led to extinction of some cultures while advancing other cultures, through the concept of westernization and other cultural export concepts (Meyers, 1984). With technology, cultural exchange and export, is a reality that seeks to foster understanding of the various cultures. The concept of culture basis its origin from a Latin word Cultura, which means cultivation. However over the years, different definitions have been coined. For instance Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn advanced over 165 definitions (Weber, 1991). The term was first used in relation to humanity by Edward B. Tylor, the famous British anthropologist in his book, Primitive Culture. Tylor accentuated that culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society" (26, 1871). Nevertheless culture can either be defined as a profound taste in the various aspects of fine arts or humanities, a set of defined and share values, practices or attitudes or as an integrated system of human beliefs ,behavior or knowledge, defined by the ability to socially interact or learn . This, study defines culture as the hereditary ideas , knowledge, values ,and beliefs, which include the collective bases of societal action (Meyers, 1984). Thus culture is comprised of behaviors, beliefs, objects, and any other characteristics, which are uniquely predominant and expressed by a specific grouping or society (Kramarae, 1981). Through culture, society defines itself and subsequently conforms to a particular shared values and norms. In this case, it includes such societal aspects such as rules, technologies, products, language, values, customs and norms.
Joseph Katie
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Sport - Sport Economics, Sport Management, grade: B, University of Portsmouth, language: English, abstract: The basic idea behind this dissertation is to discuss the impact of commercialization on the amateur values in football. In this dissertation we will analyze different values associated with the football, importance of all these values and impact of commercialization on these values.Next to this, consequences of these will also be explained to clear out the understanding. The impact of commercialization on these values will be looked upon in detail discussing the adverse affects. Each value is discussed in detail to show up the importance on each player and the working involved. Different analyses are made for the ways the commercialization is impacting the sports. Different sectors of the economy like print media and social media are also discussed to make out the point clear. Deeper questions like if it is necessary to involve commercialization with the sports are also discussed here. Lastly, we will also look at the methods and tactics through which the impact of commercialization on sports can be monitored and controlled. These methods will not only help manage this in a controlled manner. Certain solutions are also advised in the last to counter the problem commercialization is making in the sports arena. No doubt, these advised solution and remedies will give a brighter thought to you mind for the generation of more effective solutions. These solutions may pave way for the brighter side of sports which is free from all evil deeds which is affecting today’s sports society.
Joseph Katie
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Women Studies / Gender Studies, grade: B+, State University of New York at Stony Brook, course: Sociology - Gender Studies, language: English, abstract: No society has ever been comfortable with the natural sex discrepancies between men and women. Evidence shows that apart from the natural sex differences, every society culturally portrays women as different and inferior compared to men (Blessings, 2010; OECD, 2004; Vogel, 2003). Specifically, Brindley (2008) posits that this obvious differentiation amounts to social gender role profiling. Arguably, it is not enough for a man to be male or for a woman to be a female they must be painted as masculine or feminine. Social gender role can therefore be referred to as a kind of cultural sex assigning where women are painted as feminine and men are portrayed as masculine. Social gender role profiling expects men to learn and practice the assigned male gender roles while women are expected to learn and practice the assigned feminine roles. Vogel (2003) agrees that from an early age, boys are taught that masculinity is superior to femininity while girls are taught that femininity is about being submissive. The society expects men to be aggressive and show a sense of control in all matters they undertake while women are expected to be supportive to men but should not take leading roles in mainstream activities such as politics and entrepreneurship (Appelbaum, Audet and Miller, 2002). Any deviation from these held cultural sex assigning is usually met with outright societal condemnation and the responsible persons are referred to as rebels. Interestingly, masculine and feminine gender roles strengthen each other in a mutual manner. Since gender role is a psychological profiling system, persons who embrace masculine and feminine roles indirectly perpetuate societal inequality – even some employment opportunities are referred to as girlish (Blessings, 2010). It is interesting that every woman wants to be perceived as feminine through dressing, behaviour and even through the employment opportunities they take (Vogel, 2003). On the other hand, every man wishes to be perceived as true man by way of dressing, behaviour and the nature of economic activities they undertake (Appelbaum et al, 2002). Though there are significant cases of people transgressing into another gender role as is the case with gays and lesbians, the mainstream society is generally considered “straight” (Vogel, 2003).
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