Hip Hop and Rap Music in the USA. From Grassroots to Commercialization

GRIN Verlag
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Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2009 in the subject English - History of Literature, Eras, grade: 2,3, University of Freiburg (Englisches Seminar), language: English, abstract: In the past three decades hip hop has developed from an underground movement in one of New York City’s poorest boroughs, the Bronx, to a worldwide multi-billion-dollar industry. Nowadays one could not imagine chart shows, discos or house-parties without rap music. According to Guthrie P. Ramsey, Jr., rap music, which belongs under the cultural umbrella called hip hop, “is virtually everywhere: television, radio, film, magazines, art galleries, and in ‘underground’ culture” This work aims to examine the reasons for hip hop’s international success, the dangers of it, and the motivations rappers had and still have to pursue their art. It is yet to be answered if the success of this form of art has been a blessing or a curse for its performers and their audience, the so-called hip hop generation.
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Publisher
GRIN Verlag
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Published on
Mar 4, 2014
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Pages
81
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ISBN
9783656608219
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Linguistics / General
Literary Criticism / European / English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2.3, University of Freiburg (Englisches Seminar), course: Ethnic Literature, language: English, abstract: In this paper I am going to show the differences and similarities between two major works of American ethnic literature, namely Sandra Cisnero’s The House on Mango Street and Toni Morrison’s Jazz. In order to compare the two books I will first analyze them separately before taking a look at them side by side. To begin with, I would like to express some general thoughts on the two books. The House on Mango Street and Jazz are first and foremost works of fictional literature in the sense that their characters and the story itself are a product of the authors’ imagination. Yet, on another level, they are works that bear the power to familiarize readers with their particular ethnic backgrounds, namely the Mexican- and Afro-American. In other words, the two stories can be seen as some sort of guideline for readers who are interested in the cultural and economic lives of minority groups in the USA of today and the past. Even though the novels are very different in their form as well as their content I think one can find some similarities beside all the differences. In the following chapters of this paper I will first concentrate on The House on Mango Street and afterwards on Jazz. At the end I will try to make a connection between the two novels and show some of the main differences and similarities.
For more than two hundred years after William Shakespeare's death, no one doubted that he had written his plays. Since then, however, dozens of candidates have been proposed for the authorship of what is generally agreed to be the finest body of work by a writer in the English language. In this remarkable book, Shakespeare scholar James Shapiro explains when and why so many people began to question whether Shakespeare wrote his plays. Among the doubters have been such writers and thinkers as Sigmund Freud, Henry James, Mark Twain, and Helen Keller. It is a fascinating story, replete with forgeries, deception, false claimants, ciphers and codes, conspiracy theories—and a stunning failure to grasp the power of the imagination.

As Contested Will makes clear, much more than proper attribution of Shakespeare’s plays is at stake in this authorship controversy. Underlying the arguments over whether Christopher Marlowe, Francis Bacon, or the Earl of Oxford wrote Shakespeare’s plays are fundamental questions about literary genius, specifically about the relationship of life and art. Are the plays (and poems) of Shakespeare a sort of hidden autobiography? Do Hamlet, Macbeth, and the other great plays somehow reveal who wrote them?

Shapiro is the first Shakespeare scholar to examine the authorship controversy and its history in this way, explaining what it means, why it matters, and how it has persisted despite abundant evidence that William Shakespeare of Stratford wrote the plays attributed to him. This is a brilliant historical investigation that will delight anyone interested in Shakespeare and the literary imagination.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - Deutschland - Nationalsozialismus, II. Weltkrieg, Note: 2, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Veranstaltung: Wissenschaften im Nationalsozialismus, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Zwischen Anspruch und Wirklichkeit der nationalsozialistischen Waldideologie und -politik klaffte eine gewaltige Lücke, da die NS-Machthaber durch eine Stilisierung zu einem Idealwald die kriegspolitischen Realitäten scheinbar außer Acht ließen. Im Zuge der Autarkiebestrebungen des Dritten Reiches, die das Ziel der Selbstversorgung mit Rohstoffen hatten, wurde die nachhaltige Forstwirtschaft de facto aufgegeben und musste einer Wirtschaft, die zur Deckung des Holzbedarfs diente, weichen. Die von den Nationalsozialisten propagierte naturgemäße Waldwirtschaft wurde durch den naturgemäßen Wirtschaftswald ersetzt. [...] Da die Kriegsvorbereitungen bereits vor dem Ausbruch des Krieges im Jahre 1939 auf Hochtouren liefen, versteht es sich von selbst, dass der immens wichtige Rohstoff Holz in großen Mengen benötigt wurde, und somit die Versorgung mit Holz zum wichtigsten Aspekt der Forstwirtschaft wurde. [...] „Wir müssen versuchen soviel wie möglich aus dem deutschen Wald herauszuholen.“ Diese Worte Hermann Görings machen deutlich, welche Ziele die nationalsozialistische Wald- und Forstpolitik anstrebte. Des Weiteren stehen sie im Widerspruch zur eigentlichen Waldideologie, die durch eine riesige Propagandamaschinerie ein bestimmtes Waldbild in der deutschen Gesellschaft zu festigen suchte. Der Dauerwaldgedanke, der zum Leitprinzip der deutschen Forstwirtschaft erhoben wurde – also der größtmögliche Holzzuwachs, nicht der höchste Geldertrag – musste der auf kriegerische Bedingungen abgestimmten Forstwirtschaft weichen. Die Dauerwaldidee war ideologisch jedoch viel näher an der NS-Waldideologie als das neue Prinzip des oben schon angeführten naturgemäßen Wirtschaftswaldes. [...] Da der Wald eine besondere Bedeutung für Deutschland hatte und noch immer hat, war es enorm wichtig den Wald als etwas exklusiv Deutsches darzustellen. Die lange Verbundenheit zwischen den Deutschen und dem Wald sollte durch das nationalsozialistische Regime unterstrichen und gestärkt werden. Der deutsche Wald und das deutsche Volk wurden als untrennbar dargestellt. Diese Untrennbarkeit basiert auf einer langen Mythengeschichte, in der sich das deutsche Volk als das Waldvolk schlechthin präsentiert, und welche die Nationalsozialisten aufgriffen, um eine weitere Basis für ihre völkischen und rassischen Theorien zu haben.
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2.3, University of Freiburg (Englisches Seminar), course: Ethnic Literature, language: English, abstract: In this paper I am going to show the differences and similarities between two major works of American ethnic literature, namely Sandra Cisnero’s The House on Mango Street and Toni Morrison’s Jazz. In order to compare the two books I will first analyze them separately before taking a look at them side by side. To begin with, I would like to express some general thoughts on the two books. The House on Mango Street and Jazz are first and foremost works of fictional literature in the sense that their characters and the story itself are a product of the authors’ imagination. Yet, on another level, they are works that bear the power to familiarize readers with their particular ethnic backgrounds, namely the Mexican- and Afro-American. In other words, the two stories can be seen as some sort of guideline for readers who are interested in the cultural and economic lives of minority groups in the USA of today and the past. Even though the novels are very different in their form as well as their content I think one can find some similarities beside all the differences. In the following chapters of this paper I will first concentrate on The House on Mango Street and afterwards on Jazz. At the end I will try to make a connection between the two novels and show some of the main differences and similarities.
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