Great progress has been made in the field of ordinary semiconductor physics and associated technologies. For the time being, if we could use new materials such as organic semiconductors progress in electronics could be accelerated. Characteristics of organic semiconductors that are superior to others are: i) high photo-conductivity under irradiation along with low leakage current in the dark, ii) high sensitivity of the conductivity to various gases and to pressure. iii) possibility of using them in the amorphous state, iv) possibility of making devices of extremely small size, v) large variety of the materials, which makes suitable choice of material component easy. A possible future development is a highly conductive material which could be used for electric power transmission - and which might help solve some of the problems posed by transmission losses. The U.S.-Japan Seminar on Energy and Charge Transfer in Organic Semiconductors was held in Osaka Japan, 6-9 August, 1973. Completed results were summarized and the direction for the future was discussed. Information was exchanged quite freely and actively in a pleasant atmosphere. Many of the papers presented at the seminar are published here but unfortunately a few could not be included. It would give us great pleasure if this seminar could be one step in the further development of the research in this field.