Antoinette Sutto argues that the best way to understand this strange mix of religious, economic, and political controversies is to view it with regard to the disputes over the role of the English church, the power of the state, and the ideal relationship between the two—disputes that tore apart the English-speaking world twice over in the 1600s. Sutto contends that the turbulent political history of early Maryland makes most sense when seen in an imperial as well as an American context. Such an understanding of political culture and conflict in this colony offers a window not only into the processes of seventeenth-century American politics but also into the construction of the early modern state. Examining the dramatic rise and fall of Maryland’s Catholic proprietorship through this lens, Loyal Protestants and Dangerous Papists offers a unique glimpse into the ambiguities and possibilities of the early English colonial world.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
- the thirteen colonies which became the USA were not the most valuable British possessions in America?
- Georgia was not the thirteenth but the fourteenth British colony in North America?
- despite the claims in the Declaration of Independence, George III was not a tyrant?
Information on these facts, and many many more, can be found in this fascinating and helpful A-Z guide. Colonial America's key events and personalities - from the first expedition to Roanoke Island in 1584 to the conclusion of the War of Independence - are readily accessible in this invaluable dictionary. Mary K. Geiter and W. A. Speck set the thirteen colonies which became the United States in an Atlantic context, dealing not only with the thirteen but also with Britain's other colonies in North America and the West Indies. The imperial connection is stressed too with entries on British monarchs and politicians, admirals and generals, Acts of Parliament and European wars which impacted on the American colonies.
Also featuring a Select Bibliography and full Chronology to aid learning, this wide-ranging, clear and authoritative text is an essential reference for students, scholars and anyone with an interest in British America.
Captain John Smith's 1607 voyage to Jamestown was not his first trip abroad. He had traveled throughout Europe, been sold as a war captive in Turkey, escaped, and returned to England in time to join the Virginia Company's colonizing project. In Jamestown migrants, merchants, and soldiers who had also sailed to the distant shores of the Ottoman Empire, Africa, and Ireland in search of new beginnings encountered Indians who already possessed broad understanding of Europeans. Experience of foreign environments and cultures had sharpened survival instincts on all sides and aroused challenging questions about human nature and its potential for transformation.
It is against this enlarged temporal and geographic background that Jamestown dramatically emerges in Karen Kupperman's breathtaking study. Reconfiguring the national myth of Jamestown's failure, she shows how the settlement's distinctly messy first decade actually represents a period of ferment in which individuals were learning how to make a colony work. Despite the settlers' dependence on the Chesapeake Algonquians and strained relations with their London backers, they forged a tenacious colony that survived where others had failed. Indeed, the structures and practices that evolved through trial and error in Virginia would become the model for all successful English colonies, including Plymouth.
Capturing England's intoxication with a wider world through ballads, plays, and paintings, and the stark reality of Jamestown--for Indians and Europeans alike--through the words of its inhabitants as well as archeological and environmental evidence, Kupperman re-creates these formative years with astonishing detail.
The English had long dreamed of colonizing America, especially after Sir Francis Drake brought home Spanish treasure and dramatic tales from his raids in the Caribbean. Ambitions of finding gold and planting a New World colony seemed within reach when in 1606 Thomas Smythe extended overseas trade with the launch of the Virginia Company. But from the beginning the American enterprise was a disaster. Within two years warfare with Indians and dissent among the settlers threatened to destroy Smythe's Jamestown just as it had Raleigh's Roanoke a generation earlier.
To rescue the doomed colonists and restore order, the company chose a new leader, Thomas Gates. Nine ships left Plymouth in the summer of 1609—the largest fleet England had ever assembled—and sailed into the teeth of a storm so violent that "it beat all light from Heaven." The inspiration for Shakespeare's The Tempest, the hurricane separated the flagship from the fleet, driving it onto reefs off the coast of Bermuda—a lucky shipwreck (all hands survived) which proved the turning point in the colony's fortune.
The founding of an English colony at Jamestown in 1607 was no isolated incident. It was one event among many in the long development of the North Atlantic world. Ireland, Spain, Morocco, West Africa, Turkey, and the Native federations of North America all played a role alongside the Virginia Company in London and English settlers on the ground. English proponents of empire responded as much to fears of Spanish ambitions, fantasies about discovering gold, and dreams of easily dominating the region's Natives as they did to the grim lessons of earlier, failed outposts in North America. Developments in trade and technology, in diplomatic relations and ideology, in agricultural practices and property relations were as crucial as the self-consciously combative adventurers who initially set sail for the Chesapeake.
The collection begins by exploring the initial encounters between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatan Indians and the relations of both these groups with London. It goes on to examine the international context that defined English colonialism in this period—relations with Spain, the Turks, North Africa, and Ireland. Finally, it turns to the ways both settlers and Natives were transformed over the course of the seventeenth century, considering conflicts and exchanges over food, property, slavery, and colonial identity.
What results is a multifaceted view of the history of Jamestown up to the time of Bacon's Rebellion and its aftermath. The writings of Captain John Smith, the experience of Powhatans in London, the letters home of a disappointed indentured servant, the Moroccans, Turks, and Indians of the English stage, the ethnographic texts of early explorers, and many other phenomena all come into focus as examples of the envisioning of a nascent empire and the Atlantic world in which it found a hold.
Rather than just "selling" colonization to the realm, proponents instead needed to overcome profound and recurring doubts about whether God wanted English rule to cross the Atlantic and the process by which it was to happen. By contextualizing these debates within a late Renaissance phase in England, Haskell links increasing religious skepticism to the rise of decidedly secular conceptions of state power. Haskell offers a radical revision of accepted narratives of early modern state formation, locating it as an outcome, rather than as an antecedent, of colonial endeavor.
insights into the seventeenth-century history of the Hudson Valley and its
This book provides an in-depth introduction to the issues
involved in the expansion of European interests to the Hudson River Valley, the
cultural interaction that took place there, and the colonization of the region.
Written in accessible language by leading scholars, these essays incorporate the
latest historical insights as they explore the new world in which American
Indians and Europeans interacted, the settlement of the Dutch colony that ensued
from the exploration of the Hudson River, and the development of imperial and
other networks which came to incorporate the Hudson Valley.
well-conceived volume illuminates the various contexts of life in the
seventeenth-century Hudson Valley. Both laymen and specialists will gain new
insights from the twelve essays, which reveal everything from the European
background of tolerance and inter-imperial strife to the significance of wampum
and the role of a Native model of inter-group relations that shaped Iroquois
ties with the Dutch.” — Willem Klooster, author of Revolutions in the
Atlantic World: A Comparative History
“A perfect tribute to the
Hudson Valley’s unique history and how it changed forever in the decades
following Henry Hudson’s 1609 voyage! The essays in this rich collection capture
the complex, interconnected world experienced by those who lived in the Hudson
River Valley in the seventeenth century, a place at the crossroads of four
continents, an area contested by three emerging empires, a valley where Munsee,
Mahican, and Mohawk interacted with European cultures. Both professional
historians and those new to the field will be intrigued by the wide variety of
topics. This collection by an esteemed group of historians makes an outstanding
contribution to both New Netherland and Atlantic history.” — Dennis J. Maika,
New Netherland Institute