Five Current Topics are discussed in this volume: Neurobiological mechanisms of alcoholism, Genetics, Clinical phenotypes and their preclinical models, Brain imaging, and Translational approaches for treatment development, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological. These areas have in our opinion brought alcohol research substantially forward and influenced our thinking about how to reach our common paramount goal, namely to offer effective treatment solutions for an extensive group of patients with largely unmet medical needs.
Furthermore, from an economical point of view, psychiatric disorders are now the most expensive disorders to treat. The costs associated with mental illnesses, which constitute a significant percentage of the total direct health care costs, are currently estimated above $100 billion (USD), representing $1,605 per person per year in the U.S. (9% of the gross national product).
Prediction of efficacy, prevention of major side effects, and selection of the most appropriate treatment should thus have major medical and economical impacts. The pharmacogenetics devoted to psychotropic drugs (psychopharmacogenetics) will help to further develop these points.
The psychopharmacogenetic field represents an important area of research that is based on various specialties including clinical psychiatry, pharmacology, neurobiology and genetics. However, data issued from such relevant investigations are frequently, for clinicians as for scientists, rather obscure and/or scattered.
In this book, the basic and advanced knowledge on psychiatric disorders will be provided for non-clinicians: What is schizophrenia? What are the risk factors? What are the core symptoms? How is it treated? What are the efficacy and side effects of the available treatments and their mechanisms? Are there already some psychopharmacogenetic data useful in clinical practice?
New to this edition:
· two new chapters focusing on the renal system and endocrine system
· updates to include the latest evidence and guidelines from NICE
· refreshed activities and scenarios reflecting current nursing practice.