CHINA: Threat or Challenge?

Lancer Publishers LLC
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 ndian Defence Review (IDR) had earlier, in 2011, published a Book titled “Threat from China” edited by Late Bharat Verma. Team IDR felt that since May 2014 when the National Democratic Alliance government took over the reins of governance in India bringing in a more focussed, dynamic and assertive approach in conduct of its foreign relations, it was necessary to review the security paradigm between India and China. Moreover, around the same time there had been a tactile parallel change in leadership at the helm in China too.

During the preliminary discussions there were strong views from a certain section of the community of academic scholars and diplomats that China was not an existential THREAT. However, the military community felt that the People’s Liberation Army’s substantive military modernisation manifested such a THREAT. The academic and diplomatic community did feel that there was surely a CHALLENGE in dealing with an assertive rising China – more relevant with a decline of US interest in Asia. To accommodate both views the Title was thus revised to “China – Threat or Challenge?”

The Book is a compilation of articles written and published in the IDR since May 2014. Some articles are by Authors who were requested to express their contrary views on the subject so as to present to the Readers broad based views of various Authors across the spectrum on issues impacting India-China bilateral relations. The final verdict, of course, lies entirely with the discerning Readers.

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About the author

 Lt Gen JS Bajwa was commissioned into the Infantry in 1973. In the course of his military career he has served along all the borders of the Country. His interest in the India-China border was kindled when he was posted to the KUMAON SCOUTS in Uttar Pradesh (now Uttranchal) in 1982. Here he got an opportunity to traverse the Himalayan watershed from Point 5555, (the Tri-Junction of India-Nepal-Tibet border) and thence westwards over five passes on the Himalayan water-shed along which runs the India-China border.

As a Colonel he was assigned the responsibility of dealing with the India-China Border from Ladakh to Arunachal Pradesh, at the Military Operations Directorate, Army Headquarters from 1997-2000. During this period he was a member of the Government’s Joint Working Group setup for resolution of the India-China boundary issue. He was also the military representative in the Experts Group dealing with the delineation of the Line of Actual Control and the military activities related to it. Along with Director (China) of the Ministry of External Affairs, the Author was the functional hand in the organisation and conduct of the periodic meetings of the Inter-Ministerial China Study Group chaired by the Foreign Secretary. He was also posted to the Army’s Perspective Planning Directorate, where he was assigned the task to assess the Chinese military capability and potential which could manifest as a threat to India. He has been Chief of Staff of the Army’s Eastern Command which is primarily responsible for managing the contentious border problem with China in Arunachal Pradesh.

The Author has been awarded M.Phil in ‘Defence and Management Studies’ from Indore University taken up during the period when he was attending the Army Higher Command Course on higher defence management. He took a year and a half sabbatical to pursue study of China’s military potential as a Research fellow with Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi. His research topic was subsequently published as a book titled “Modernization of PLA: Gauging its Latent Future Potential.” A thesis submitted during the course on the study of national security strategy at the National Defence College, New Delhi titled “Strategic Implications of Global Economic Changes” was awarded a book prize. In August 2016 in was awarded a Doctorate from the Madras University, Chennai for his thesis on “Strategic Imperatives of China’s Comprehensive National Growth: Implications for India’s Security.” He has authored two books “Modernisation of the PLA: Gauging its Latent Future Potential” and it revised edition “Modernisation of the Chinese PLA: From Massed Militia to Force Projection”.

Besides his appointment as Chief of Staff Eastern Command, Kolkata, Lt Gen JS Bajwa, has been Commandant at Officers Training Academy, Chennai, and Infantry School, Mhow. His last appointment before superannuating was Director General Infantry at Army Headquarters, New Delhi. Presently he is the Editor of the INDIAN DEFENCE REVIEW, a quarterly defence, security and geopolitics related magazine published from New Delhi

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Additional Information

Lancer Publishers LLC
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Published on
Jan 13, 2017
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Political Science / Geopolitics
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