The first two chapters tackle the basic arithmetic and logic processes. The third chapter covers the various memory devices, both ROM and RWM. Next, the book deals with the general architecture of microprocessor. The succeeding three chapters discuss the software aspects of machine operation, while the last remaining three chapters talk about the relationship of the microprocessor with the outside world.
The text will be of great use to undergraduate students of various disciplines. Practitioners of computer-related fields with no previous digital experience will find this book useful.
Tristate devices, buffers, encoder, decoder, latches. Types of memories, memory organization, concept of control lines such as read/write, chip enable.
Unit-IIIntroduction to 8085 microprocessor: -
Organization of Microprocessor based system, 8085 μp Architecture, Concept of Address line and Memory interfacing, Address Decoding and Memory Interfacing
Unit-III8085 Programming Model, Instruction Classification, Instruction Format, 8085 Instruction Set
Unit-IVIntroduction to Modern day Computer Systems: -
Organization and Architecture, Structure and function.
System Buses: -
Computer Components, Computer function, PCI: - Features of PCI bus, Why PCI bus is needed? Concept of PCI Arbitration.
Internal Memory: -
Concept of Cache Memory, Methods of Cache Mapping, Concept and need for Cache coherency.
External Memory: -
Unit-VThe 8051 Microcontroller:
Introduction and overview of 8051 family, 8051 Assembly Language Programming, Jumps, Loops and call instructions.
Unit-VI8051 I/O port programming, Addressing Modes, Arithmetic and Logical instructions.
William Stallings, “Computer Organisation and Architecture” ( 4th Edition ) - PHI, 1998.
Andrew C. Tanenbaum, “Structured Computer Organisation” (3rd Edition) -, PHI.
Computer System Architecture - M. Morris Memo, PHI, 1998.
John P Hayes, “Computer Architecture and Organisation” - McGraw Hill, 1998.
Digital Computer Fundamentals, Malvino
Microprocessor Architecture and Programming and Applications with the 8085, R.S. Gaonkar, PRI (3rd Edition)
Digital Computer Fundamentals, Thomas C Bartee, TMG
The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded systems by M. A. Mazidi, J. G. Mazidi and R. D.
McKinlay, Pearson Education.
Covering the subject of steel metallurgy from its applications point of view, this book discusses the applied metallurgical knowledge required for easy-learning about steels, their properties, specifications, heat treatment and applications. :
The book is conceptually divided into four parts:
ÿThe first part introduces the basic metallurgical facts about steel and its characteristics, covers the most important aspects of steel metallurgy, its applications, and fundamental features of steelmaking and rolling processes, and highlights the different types of properties of steel and the need for testing and evaluation:
ÿDiscussing the classifications, specifications and properties of steels in a more quantitative manner (based on popular standards and standard-based data), the second part focuses on different steel grades and their merits and properties for selection and applications
ÿThe third part focuses on heat treatment and welding of steels, various heat treatment methods and their purposes, and basic aspects of welding and welding precautions in steels
ÿDwelling on the application of steels, the fourth part discusses the totality of steel applications from the point of view of reliability and component integrity, the importance of cost and quality optimization in applications, and the criticality of design and manufacturing quality for prevention of failures
Steel Metallurgy has been designed to provide all necessary information and practice-based knowledge about steel characteristics, steel properties, steel grades, and steel applications for selecting, processing and using steels with right understanding and for the right purposes.ÿ
Highlights of the book:
ÿProvides deep theoretical and practice-based knowledge about steels, their properties, specifications, heat treatment and applications
ÿIncludes large number of examples, illustrations and case studies
ÿIncludes elaborate Index of contents for cross-referencing, a Bibliography for further reading and reference, and Glossary of Important Metallurgical Terms
ÿSimplified and highly illustrated narration ideal for metallurgical students, metallurgists and non-metallurgical engineers
The book is intended for both students and practitioners. The book will help students of metallurgy and other engineering disciplines to understand the applied and functional-basics of steels relating to their properties, specifications and applications. Engineers and technical personnel in industries dealing with steel processing and its uses will benefit from the hard look the book takes for the precise selection of steel for the right purposes by providing workable knowledge on steel metallurgy and steel specifications.
There’s a saying that “steel makes the world.” From a tiny pin in a sewing kit to home appliances to cars to bridges, steel is everywhere. While there are numerous books on steel, few, if any, address the true application of steels in a practical manner. This book was written to fill that gap.
Divided into four parts, Steel Metallurgy: Properties, Specifications, and Applications covers the basic metallurgical facts and characteristics, properties, standards, and grades of steel. Classifications of steel based on standards and structural engineering are then discussed, followed by heat treatment and welding of steels. The book then focuses on the application of steel and its reliability and failures, and shows, through numerous illustrations and case studies, how it’s processed and used for various purposes. Armed with the information in this book, metallurgical and engineering students will become truly “industry ready.”Case studies and illustrations show steel being used in practical, everyday applications, making the book user friendly yet comprehensive Lays the ground work for steel selection, and discusses the methods of selection Contains appendices with steel grades, compositions, and standards; physical data and conversions; temperature, hardness, and work/energy conversion tables Includes a glossary of important metallurgical terms
The book covers structural arrangement with longitudinal and transverse framing systems based on the service load, and explains basic structural elements like hatch side girders, hatch end beams, stringers, etc. along with structural subassemblies like floors, bulkheads, inner bottom, decks and shells. It presents in detail double bottom construction, wing tanks & duct keels, fore & aft end structures, etc., together with necessary illustrations. The midship sections of various ship types are introduced, together with structural continuity and alignment in ship structures.
With regard to construction materials, the book discusses steel, aluminum alloys and fiber reinforced composites. Various methods of steel material preparation are discussed, and plate cutting and forming of plates and sections are explained. The concept of line heating for plate bending is introduced.Welding power source characteristics, metal transfer mechanisms, welding parameters and their effects on the fusion zone, weld deposit, and weld bead profile are discussed in detail. Various fusion welding methods, MMAW, GMAW, SAW, Electroslag welding and Electrogas welding and single side welding are explained in detail. Friction stir welding as one of the key methods of solid state welding as applied to aluminum alloys is also addressed.
The mechanisms of residual stress formation and distortion are explained in connection with stiffened panel fabrication, with an emphasis on weld induced buckling of thin panels. Further, the basic principles of distortion prevention, in-process distortion control and mitigation techniques like heat sinking, thermo-mechanical tensioning etc. are dealt with in detail.
In its final section, the book describes in detail various types of weld defects that are likely to occur, together with their causes and remedial measures. The nondestructive testing methods that are most relevant to ship construction are explained. Lastly, a chapter on accuracy control based on statistical principles is included, addressing the need for a suitable mechanism to gauge the ranges of variations so that one can quantitatively target the end product accuracy.
The book contains nine chapters. The first chapter is introductory in nature. It includes the basic equations of linearised theory for a single layer fluid, a two-layer fluid, solution of dispersion equations, and a general idea on scattering problems and the energy identity in water with a free surface. Chapter 2 is concerned with wave scattering involving thin rigid plates of various geometrical configurations, namely, plane vertical barriers or curved barriers, inclined barriers, horizontal barrier, and also thin elastic vertical plate. For the horizontal case, the barrier is submerged below an ice-cover modelled as a thin elastic plate floating on water. Chapter 3 discusses wave scattering by a rectangular trench by using Galerkin technique. Chapter 4 involves wave scattering by a dock by using Carleman singular integral equation followed by reduction to Riemann-Hilbert problems. Chapter 5 involves several wave scattering problems involving discontinuities at the upper surface of water by using the Wiener-Hopf technique, by reduction to Carleman singular integral equations. Chapter 6 considers scattering by a long horizontal circular cylinder either half immersed or completely submerged. In chapter 7, some important energy identities are derived for scattering problems in a single-layer and also in a two-layer fluid. Chapter 8 is concerned with wave scattering in a two-layer fluid by a thin vertical plate and by a long horizontal circular cylinder submerged in either of the two layers. Chapter 9 is the final chapter which considers a number of wave scattering problems in a single-layer or a two-layer fluid with variable bottom topography by using a simplified perturbation analysis
It is hoped that this book will be useful to researchers on water waves. The several wave scattering problems presented in the book are mostly based on the research work carried out by the authors and their associates.
Recent developments in the field of fire- and heat-resistant materials have led to significant improvements in thermal protective clothing. In parallel with this, the complexity and risk levels of fires, especially in industrial-storage facilities, and developments in health and safety cultures have increased the demand for high-performance heat- and flame-resistant clothing and equipment, designed to mitigate skin burn injuries and reduce risk of death from fire hazards.
Throughout the work, the gaps and limitations in existing test methods and standards are identified, and approaches are recommended for the development of enhanced test methods. Scenario modeling and its implications for firefighters’ protective clothing is discussed, and various factors affecting performance are established. Finally, various key issues related to thermal protective clothing are addressed to guide the future research in the field of thermal protective clothing for firefighters. This book will help materials-textile engineers to develop high performance thermal protective clothing that can enhance the protection, safety, and comfort of firefighters.Offers a helpful guide to the successful specification and design of high performance protective clothing to meet the high standards of today's regulatory frameworkIntroduces the new materials technical innovations that are transforming fire protective clothingExplores the role of clothing from the operational perspective, including technical innovationsOffers a critical review of the test methods and existing standards to evaluate the thermal protective and physiological comfort performances of the fabrics and clothing