Covering the subject of steel metallurgy from its applications point of view, this book discusses the applied metallurgical knowledge required for easy-learning about steels, their properties, specifications, heat treatment and applications. :
The book is conceptually divided into four parts:
ÿThe first part introduces the basic metallurgical facts about steel and its characteristics, covers the most important aspects of steel metallurgy, its applications, and fundamental features of steelmaking and rolling processes, and highlights the different types of properties of steel and the need for testing and evaluation:
ÿDiscussing the classifications, specifications and properties of steels in a more quantitative manner (based on popular standards and standard-based data), the second part focuses on different steel grades and their merits and properties for selection and applications
ÿThe third part focuses on heat treatment and welding of steels, various heat treatment methods and their purposes, and basic aspects of welding and welding precautions in steels
ÿDwelling on the application of steels, the fourth part discusses the totality of steel applications from the point of view of reliability and component integrity, the importance of cost and quality optimization in applications, and the criticality of design and manufacturing quality for prevention of failures
Steel Metallurgy has been designed to provide all necessary information and practice-based knowledge about steel characteristics, steel properties, steel grades, and steel applications for selecting, processing and using steels with right understanding and for the right purposes.ÿ
Highlights of the book:
ÿProvides deep theoretical and practice-based knowledge about steels, their properties, specifications, heat treatment and applications
ÿIncludes large number of examples, illustrations and case studies
ÿIncludes elaborate Index of contents for cross-referencing, a Bibliography for further reading and reference, and Glossary of Important Metallurgical Terms
ÿSimplified and highly illustrated narration ideal for metallurgical students, metallurgists and non-metallurgical engineers
The book is intended for both students and practitioners. The book will help students of metallurgy and other engineering disciplines to understand the applied and functional-basics of steels relating to their properties, specifications and applications. Engineers and technical personnel in industries dealing with steel processing and its uses will benefit from the hard look the book takes for the precise selection of steel for the right purposes by providing workable knowledge on steel metallurgy and steel specifications.
The book contains nine chapters. The first chapter is introductory in nature. It includes the basic equations of linearised theory for a single layer fluid, a two-layer fluid, solution of dispersion equations, and a general idea on scattering problems and the energy identity in water with a free surface. Chapter 2 is concerned with wave scattering involving thin rigid plates of various geometrical configurations, namely, plane vertical barriers or curved barriers, inclined barriers, horizontal barrier, and also thin elastic vertical plate. For the horizontal case, the barrier is submerged below an ice-cover modelled as a thin elastic plate floating on water. Chapter 3 discusses wave scattering by a rectangular trench by using Galerkin technique. Chapter 4 involves wave scattering by a dock by using Carleman singular integral equation followed by reduction to Riemann-Hilbert problems. Chapter 5 involves several wave scattering problems involving discontinuities at the upper surface of water by using the Wiener-Hopf technique, by reduction to Carleman singular integral equations. Chapter 6 considers scattering by a long horizontal circular cylinder either half immersed or completely submerged. In chapter 7, some important energy identities are derived for scattering problems in a single-layer and also in a two-layer fluid. Chapter 8 is concerned with wave scattering in a two-layer fluid by a thin vertical plate and by a long horizontal circular cylinder submerged in either of the two layers. Chapter 9 is the final chapter which considers a number of wave scattering problems in a single-layer or a two-layer fluid with variable bottom topography by using a simplified perturbation analysis
It is hoped that this book will be useful to researchers on water waves. The several wave scattering problems presented in the book are mostly based on the research work carried out by the authors and their associates.
Recent developments in the field of fire- and heat-resistant materials have led to significant improvements in thermal protective clothing. In parallel with this, the complexity and risk levels of fires, especially in industrial-storage facilities, and developments in health and safety cultures have increased the demand for high-performance heat- and flame-resistant clothing and equipment, designed to mitigate skin burn injuries and reduce risk of death from fire hazards.
Throughout the work, the gaps and limitations in existing test methods and standards are identified, and approaches are recommended for the development of enhanced test methods. Scenario modeling and its implications for firefighters’ protective clothing is discussed, and various factors affecting performance are established. Finally, various key issues related to thermal protective clothing are addressed to guide the future research in the field of thermal protective clothing for firefighters. This book will help materials-textile engineers to develop high performance thermal protective clothing that can enhance the protection, safety, and comfort of firefighters.Offers a helpful guide to the successful specification and design of high performance protective clothing to meet the high standards of today's regulatory frameworkIntroduces the new materials technical innovations that are transforming fire protective clothingExplores the role of clothing from the operational perspective, including technical innovationsOffers a critical review of the test methods and existing standards to evaluate the thermal protective and physiological comfort performances of the fabrics and clothing
There’s a saying that “steel makes the world.” From a tiny pin in a sewing kit to home appliances to cars to bridges, steel is everywhere. While there are numerous books on steel, few, if any, address the true application of steels in a practical manner. This book was written to fill that gap.
Divided into four parts, Steel Metallurgy: Properties, Specifications, and Applications covers the basic metallurgical facts and characteristics, properties, standards, and grades of steel. Classifications of steel based on standards and structural engineering are then discussed, followed by heat treatment and welding of steels. The book then focuses on the application of steel and its reliability and failures, and shows, through numerous illustrations and case studies, how it’s processed and used for various purposes. Armed with the information in this book, metallurgical and engineering students will become truly “industry ready.”Case studies and illustrations show steel being used in practical, everyday applications, making the book user friendly yet comprehensive Lays the ground work for steel selection, and discusses the methods of selection Contains appendices with steel grades, compositions, and standards; physical data and conversions; temperature, hardness, and work/energy conversion tables Includes a glossary of important metallurgical terms
Starting with the basics, Nano-Scale CMOS Analog Circuits: Models and CAD Techniques for High-Level Design introduces the essential fundamental concepts for designing analog circuits with optimal performances. This book explains the links between the physics and technology of scaled MOS transistors and the design and simulation of nano-scale analog circuits. It also explores the development of structured computer-aided design (CAD) techniques for architecture-level and circuit-level design of analog circuits.
The book outlines the general trends of technology scaling with respect to device geometry, process parameters, and supply voltage. It describes models and optimization techniques, as well as the compact modeling of scaled MOS transistors for VLSI circuit simulation.
• Includes two learning-based methods: the artificial neural network (ANN) and the least-squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) method
• Provides case studies demonstrating the practical use of these two methods
• Explores circuit sizing and specification translation tasks
• Introduces the particle swarm optimization technique and provides examples of sizing analog circuits
• Discusses the advanced effects of scaled MOS transistors like narrow width effects, and vertical and lateral channel engineering
Nano-Scale CMOS Analog Circuits: Models and CAD Techniques for High-Level Design describes the models and CAD techniques, explores the physics of MOS transistors, and considers the design challenges involving statistical variations of process technology parameters and reliability constraints related to circuit design.