In the present 3rd edition small changes were made to the chapters in which long-time behavior of the perturbed system is determined by large deviations. Most of these changes concern terminology. In particular, it is explained that the notion of sub-limiting distribution for a given initial point and a time scale is identical to the idea of metastability, that the stochastic resonance is a manifestation of metastability, and that the theory of this effect is a part of the large deviation theory. The reader will also find new comments on the notion of quasi-potential that the authors introduced more than forty years ago, and new references to recent papers in which the proofs of some conjectures included in previous editions have been obtained.
Apart from the above mentioned changes the main innovations in the 3rd edition concern the averaging principle. A new Section on deterministic perturbations of one-degree-of-freedom systems was added in Chapter 8. It is shown there that pure deterministic perturbations of an oscillator may lead to a stochastic, in a certain sense, long-time behavior of the system, if the corresponding Hamiltonian has saddle points. The usefulness of a joint consideration of classical theory of deterministic perturbations together with stochastic perturbations is illustrated in this section. Also a new Chapter 9 has been inserted in which deterministic and stochastic perturbations of systems with many degrees of freedom are considered. Because of the resonances, stochastic regularization in this case is even more important.
This volume begins with a presentation of the auxiliary results in partial differential equations that are needed in the sequel. The succeeding chapters describe the behavior of the sample paths of solutions of stochastic differential equations. These topics are followed by a consideration of an issue whether the paths can hit a given set with positive probability, as well as the stability of paths about a given manifold and with spiraling of paths about this manifold. Other chapters deal with the applications to partial equations, specifically with the Dirichlet problem for degenerate elliptic equations. These chapters also explore the questions of singular perturbations and the existence of fundamental solutions for degenerate parabolic equations. The final chapters discuss stopping time problems, stochastic games, and stochastic differential games.
This book is intended primarily to undergraduate and graduate mathematics students.
This volume is divided into nine chapters. Chapters 1 to 5 deal with the basic theory of stochastic differential equations, including discussions of the Markov processes, Brownian motion, and the stochastic integral. Chapter 6 examines the connections between solutions of partial differential equations and stochastic differential equations, while Chapter 7 describes the Girsanov’s formula that is useful in the stochastic control theory. Chapters 8 and 9 evaluate the behavior of sample paths of the solution of a stochastic differential system, as time increases to infinity.
This book is intended primarily for undergraduate and graduate mathematics students.
"Gihman and Skorohod have done an excellent job of presenting the theory in its present state of rich imperfection."
D.W. Stroock in Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 1980
"To call this work encyclopedic would not give an accurate picture of its content and style. Some parts read like a textbook, but others are more technical and contain relatively new results. ... The exposition is robust and explicit, as one has come to expect of the Russian tradition of mathematical writing. The set when completed will be an invaluable source of information and reference in this ever-expanding field."
K.L. Chung in American Scientist, 1977
"The dominant impression is of the authors' mastery of their material, and of their confident insight into its underlying structure."
J.F.C. Kingman in Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, 1977
A First Course. We emphasize a careful treatment of basic structures in stochastic processes in symbiosis with the analysis of natural classes of stochastic processes arising from the biological, physical, and social sciences.