List of 5000 Advanced English Words: Most Used Tough English Words

Booktango
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There are thousands of words in English language. To learn meanings of all these words is really difficult. If you have sound knowledge of Basic English, you are supposed to know meanings of hundreds of common words in English. Now, it is time to enhance your English vocabulary by learning most used advanced English words. I have selected more than 5000 advanced words based on their frequent use in newspapers, magazines, books, internet, etc. It took me more than 10 years for creating list of 5000 most used advanced English words. To be precise, there are 5300 advanced English Words in this list. Please note that I have not given meanings of these words in this book; you can use any dictionary of your choice to find meanings of these advanced words.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Booktango
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Published on
May 1, 2014
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Pages
1
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ISBN
9781468936957
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Sentence Beginning With It/There/That/This; Useful words; Sentences With ‘Verb’ Be (Am, is, are, was, were); Sentences with Verb- Have (have, has, had); Sentences With Modal Verbs; Imperative/Interrogative/Negative Sentences; Sentences With Popular Past Verbs; Sentences With Popular Present Verbs; Various Daily Use Sentences | Sample this: he attracted attention. Bask in the winter sun. His world began spinning. Dawn broke. I cast my vote. I do a lot of self-talk. He evaded a direct reply. He felt numb. Soon train gathered speed. My heart was knocking wildly. She quietly nodded her assent. Opt for an independent living. Bus dashed right into the cart. I won’t spare him. Many people swam to safety. Then the crowed thickened. The flag unfurled. Capital wore a festive look. The news came as a shock. People will call you a liar. We can't go back on that now. Crime rate is soaring. He asked where I lived.


Sample This:

Popular Sentences in English -- I

Sentence Beginning With IT/THERE/THAT/THIS

IT-
It began to rain.
It has become tough to walk on these roads.
It is a bit lower than expected.
It is a clean and clear probe.
It is a problem of large magnitude.
It is all set to be a thing of the past.
It is an all-out Japanese effort.
It is easier to lose weight than gain it.
It is fourth lane from here.
It is hard not to be suspicious about this regime.
It is just not my day.
It is never too late to start life afresh.
It is not possible!
It is not that the police aren’t doing anything.
It is tantamount to discrimination.
It is time to awaken the voters.
It is tough to survive in the wild.
It is up to them to decide how to proceed.
It is very personal decision that we have taken.
It isn’t worth having it repaired.
It made my heart beat faster.
It seemed OK at the time.
It seems there is no administration in the state.
It should not only be done with honesty, but it should seem to be so.
It tastes something like apple.
It was a huge bang.
It was an experience I will cherish all my life.
It was bound to happen.
It was his third home trip in as many years.
It was not a favorable time to start a journey.
It was the fastest growing state for the second year.
It will be convenient for some people to not have me here.
It will not be too long until their names are whispered.
It will only upset her further.
It would create complications for him.

THERE-
There are many reasons for it.
There are no two opinions about it.
There are times when you are not in the mood to talk.
There are times when your best efforts are not good enough.
There has been a noticeable increase.
There have been several such instances in the past.
There is a cool breeze just before a rain storm.
There is an acute shortage of water.
There is general financial slowdown.
There is hardly any scope of reformation for them.
There is more than you know.
There is nothing that can be done to sort this out.
There seems political conspiracy behind it.
There was no such move at the moment.
There were security issues.
There will be no early elections.
There would be no fare hike.

THAT-
That had happened long before.
That has been our consistent stand.
That is for sure.
That is no longer the case now.
That money would bring big relief to family.
That part of sting operation was stage managed.
That way, there will not be any ill feelings.
That’s how far I was from reality.
That’s not me saying it.

THIS-
This envelope is under-stamped.
This incident has made him stone-like.
This is a clear case of corruption.
This is no way to deal with a crisis.
This is no way to live.
This is not the first time he has achieved this feat.
This is off-season for us but sales continue to be normal.
This is one list; state will be ashamed to top.
This is something to do in advance.
This is the most complained about university.
This is the third such incident within a week.
This issue stands concluded.
This project cost a lot of money.
This seems to be worrying him.
This year will be expensive till the end.

What are “Humorous Words”?

What is Humor? [HUMOUR [(British English) | HUMOR (AMERICAN ENGLISH)]
Humor is something that is funny, comical, or amusing

Definition of ‘Humorous Words’
Words that are intended to be amusing, entertaining, funny, or comical are called humorous words.

Examples:
beak [noun] – large or pointed nose of somebody
ego-surfing [noun] – the activity of searching your name in different websites on Internet
iron rations [noun] – a small amount of food carried for emergency by soldiers, etc. while climbing or walking
unhand [verb] – to release somebody that you are holding


Besides “Humorous Words”, there are some Idioms and Phrasal Verbs which are used to express humor (amusement or funniness)
Example- (idiom): a big cheese – a very important and influential person in a big organization
Example- (phrasal verb): gird (up) your loins – to get ready to do a difficult task or activity


NOTE: Many ‘Humorous Words’ are also used in ‘formal’, ‘informal’ or other sense
Example:
BEAST
beast [noun] [Humorous] – a person or thing who is unpleasant
beast [noun] [Informal] – a thing of a particular type
beast [noun] [Formal] – a large and dangerous animal


Detailed list of ‘humorous words’, parts of speech they belong to, and their meanings are as follows:

Humorous Words -- A

abaya [noun]
a full-length, sleeveless outer garment worn by Arabs

abdicate [verb]
to give up all hope of ever having a flat stomach

abibliophobia [noun]
the fear of running out of reading material

abomasums [noun]
the fourth stomach of a ruminant, such as a cow or sheep

absquatulate [verb]
to abruptly leave or abscond with something

academe [noun]
the world of studying, teaching, etc. at academic institutions e.g. universities and colleges

accoutrements (accouterments) [noun]
pieces of equipment that are required for an activity; accessories

acerbate [verb]
to embitter somebody

acidulous [adjective]
rather sour or sharp in speech, manner, etc.

adjourn to… [phrasal verb]
to go to another place to calm down

of advanced years | sb's advanced age [idiom]
used to show that somebody is ‘very old’ or aged

agelast [noun]
one who never laughs

aglet [noun]
the plastic tip on the end of a shoelace

alack [exclamation]
used to express sadness or regret

allegator [noun]
someone who alleges

allergic [adjective]
strong dislike towards somebody

amatory [adjective]
relating to physical activity or desire

amphibology [noun]
grammatically ambiguous phrase or sentence (e.g.: he talked to his son and his daughter)

amphisbaena [noun]
a mythical serpent with a head at each end

anencephalous [adjective]
lacking a brain

anfractuous [adjective]
circuitous or winding

anguilliform [adjective]
resembling an eel

anserine [adjective]
goose-like | silly or foolish

antediluvian [adjective]
traditional or out-of-date

anthropophagy [noun]
cannibalism

apolaustic [adjective]
devoted to the seeking of enjoyment

apple-knocker [noun]
ignorant or unsophisticated person

appurtenance [noun]
a smaller part of something larger, superior or more significant

archipelago [noun]
a chain of islands

argle-bargle [noun]
meaningless and abundant talk or writing

argus-eyed [adjective]
vigilant, referring to Argos, a Greek mythological watchman with a hundred eyes

argute [adjective]
shrewd

argy-bargy [noun]
noisy arguing

assignation [noun]
a secret meeting with a lover

autotomy [noun]
the casting off of a limb or other part of the body by an animal under threat, such as a lizard

avuncular [adjective]
uncle-like
THIS BOOK CONTAINS MEANINGS OF MORE THAN 1400 ADVANCED ENGLISH WORDS (including phrasal verbs and idioms).

English Words And Meanings, Advance English Words And Their Meanings, Learn English Words For Improving Your English, English Words And Meanings From Letter A To Letter Z

Sample This:

("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)

abase yourself to accept sb's power over you
knuckle under to sb/sth to accept sb/sth else's authority
submissive too willing to accept sb else's authority
subservient to sth submissive, less important than sth else

abashed ashamed and embarrassed
bashful shy and easily embarrassed
put sb on the spot to make sb feel embarrassed by asking difficult question

about turn / volte face complete change of opinion, etc.
turn about sudden and complete change in sth

abstemious not allowing yourself to have much food or alcohol or enjoyable activities
austere without any decorations; (of a person) strict and serious; abstemious

ad-lib to give a speech or a performance without preparation or practice
improvise to make or do sth using whatever is available, to ad-lib

abuse unfair or cruel treatment of sb/sth
oppress to treat sb cruelly, to weigh down
persecute to treat sb cruelly

acclaim to praise sb publicly, praise and approval
commendation / plaudits praise and approval

accolade praise or award of honour
laurels honour and praise given to sb because of sth they have achieved

acrid bitter smell or taste
acrimony bitter feelings or words

adolescent young person who is developing from a child into an adult
teens years of a person's life when they are between 13 and 19 years old

affected pretended
disaffected unsatisfied

affront to insult or offend sb
take umbrage at sth to feel offended or upset by sth

aft in the stern of the ship or aircraft
abaft in the stern of a ship
stern the back end of a boat or ship

agglomeration group of things put together in no particular order
conglomeration mixture of different things found all together

a la carte food which is selected from the list of dishes and prices
table d' hot plate of food with fixed price

agnosia inability to recognize people and things
analgesia loss of the ability to feel pain while still conscious
apoplexy inability to feel, move because of injury in the brain
asphyxia difficulty in breathing which may cause death or unconsciousness
dyslexia difficulty in reading and spelling but no effect in intelligence

agoraphobia fear of being in the crowd
claustrophobia fear of being in a small confined place

alimony money, which is given to former husband or wife after the end of the marriage
palimony money which is given to former partner after the end of a relationship

altercation noisy argument or disagreement
argy-bargy noisy disagreement

alumna former woman student
alumnus former male student

amble / saunter / stroll to walk in a slow relaxed way
ramble to walk for pleasure
This Book Covers the Following Topics:

Transitional Expressions -- Definition
Transitional Expressions – Punctuation Rules
01. Transitional Expressions -- Addition
02. Transitional Expressions -- Cause and Effect
03. Transitional Expressions -- Concession
04. Transitional Expressions -- Condition
05. Transitional Expressions -- Consequence
06. Transitional Expressions -- Contrast
07. Transitional Expressions -- Dismissal
08. Transitional Expressions -- Illustration
09. Transitional Expressions -- Emphasis
10. Transitional Expressions -- Exception
11. Transitional Expressions -- Explanation
12. Transitional Expressions -- Generalization
13. Transitional Expressions -- Location
14. Transitional Expressions -- Purpose
15. Transitional Expressions -- Quantifier
16. Transitional Expressions -- Reference
17. Transitional Expressions -- Sequence
18. Transitional Expressions – Similarity
19. Transitional Expressions -- Summary
20. Transitional Expressions -- Time
Exercise: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercise: 2(A) to 2(C)


SAMPLE THIS:

Transitional Expressions -- Definition

Meaning of ‘Transition’ -- to go from one point to another
“Transitional Expressions” = “Transitional Words” + “Transitional Phrases”
“Transitional (or Transition) Words” are also known as “connecting words”, “linking words” or “signal words“
“Transitional (or Transition) Phrases” are also known as “connecting phrases”, “linking phrases” or “signal phrases“

“Transitional Expressions” (also “Transitions”) could be defined as follows:
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ are words or phrases that provide bridges between sentences, parts of sentences, paragraphs and sections.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ connect and relate sentences and paragraphs.
•    ‘Transitions expressions’ signal the relationship between sentences and paragraphs.
•    ‘Transitions expressions’ state the connections between ideas.
•    ‘Transitions expressions’ help carry over a thought from one part of a sentence to another, from one sentence to another, from one paragraph to another, from one section to another, or from one idea to another.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ connect ideas from sentence to sentence and paragraph to paragraph.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ are placed in the beginning, middle, or end of the sentences/paragraphs to explain connections between two or more ideas.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ help carry over a thought from one idea to another.
•    ‘Transitional expressions’ produce clearer expression, by eliminating the excessive use of such words as ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘for’ ‘nor’, ‘or’ ‘so’ ‘yet’, etc.

Choosing Transitional Expression --
Some transitional words and transitional phrases belong to more than one category. A transitional expression can change the whole meaning of a sentence. Therefore, you should choose the transition that best conveys your meaning. You should also avoid repetition and use different transition words or phrases in the same category if necessary.

Placing transitional words:
There are three options for placing transitional words:
• The beginning of a sentence [Most common]
• The middle of a sentence
• The end of a sentence [Least Common]

Example:
Their products come with an insurance pack that covers accidental damage, theft, and breakage for a year. Furthermore, customers can also avail for an additional year of warranty. [Use of transitional word ‘furthermore’ at the beginning of a sentence]

Their products come with an insurance pack that covers accidental damage, theft, and breakage for a year. Customers, furthermore, can also avail for an additional year of warranty. [Use of transitional word ‘furthermore’ in the middle of a sentence]

Their products come with an insurance pack that covers accidental damage, theft, and breakage for a year. Customers can also avail for an additional year of warranty, furthermore. [Use of transitional word ‘furthermore’ in the end of a sentence]
What are “Oronym Words”?

ORONYMS ----
[Oro- Whole; Nym: Name]
An oronym is a word or phrase that sounds very much the same as another word or phrase, often as a result of sounds running together. Oronyms are spelt differently and they have different meanings.

Oronym [singular] | Oronyms [plural]
Example: A name ---- an aim

Some Important Points:
1. An oronym is also called a continunym or a sliceonym.

2. An oronym generally originates when it is difficult to tell where one word ends and the next begins (e.g. a name -- an aim). An oronym also originates when a particular word may be divided into two or more meaningful words (e.g. affection -- a faction).

3. Effectiveness of oronyms may depend on what somebody is saying in context with the rest of the conversation.

3(A). Oronyms may completely alter the meaning of what somebody is saying.
Example:
They wanted the allocation of house.
They wanted the location of house.

3(B). Oronyms may also make conversation very funny.
Example:
Teacher asked the student to give an example.
Teacher asked the student to give an egg sample.

3(C). Oronyms may also make conversation completely senseless.
Example:
They will appoint a new manager at the earliest.
They will a point a new manager at the earliest.

4. Oronyms may also include abbreviations (shortened form of a word or group of words)
Examples:
ICT -- I see tea
VC -- we see


Derived Terms Related To ‘Oronyms’:
Oronymous
Words or phrases that are Oronyms are said to be Oronymous.
Oronymy
The state of being an Oronym is called Oronymy.

Following is the detailed list of Oronyms:


Oronym Words -- A

Oronym Pair -- A1
air-to-air ---- year-to-year
Example:
The jets had air-to-air weapons.
The jets had year-to-year weapons.

Oronym Pair -- A2
aggregate ---- a green gate
[aggregate -- total]

Oronym Pair -- A3
aggregator ---- a grass eater
[aggregator -- a kind of Internet company]

Oronym Pair -- A4
agree to differ ---- a great offer
[agree to differ -- (of two people) to not discuss their different views about something | offer -- proposal]

Oronym Pair -- A5
angry response ---- a grey sponge

Oronym Pair -- A6
accede ---- a seat
[accede -- to agree]

Oronym Pair -- A7
accent ---- a cent
[accent -- pronunciation | cent -- a coin]

Oronym Pair -- A8
accord ---- a cord
[accord -- agreement | cord -- string or rope]

Oronym Pair -- A9
accounting ---- a counting
[accounting -- bookkeeping]

Oronym Pair -- A10
accrue ---- a crew
[accrue -- amass | crew -- team]
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

What are “Tenses”?
AGREEMENT between SUBJECT and VERB
TWENTY-FOUR Auxiliary Verbs
REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS
PRESENT TENSE
Present Indefinite Tense
Present Continuous/Progressive Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
PAST TENSE
Past Indefinite Tense
Past Continuous/Progressive Tense
Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
FUTURE TENSE
Future Indefinite Tense
Future Continuous/Progressive Tense
Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense
Useful Notes
Exercises

Sample This:

Tenses could be defined as “any of the form of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or an event or state expressed by the verb”.

THERE ARE THREE KINDS OF TENSES:

The Past Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happened in the past
[Action happened before present]

The Present Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that happens at this time
[Action happens in present]

The Future Tense – The form of a verb that usually expresses an action that will happen in future
[Action will happen after present]


EACH OF THESE THREE KINDS OF SENTENCES HAS FOUR TYPES OF FORMS:
Indefinite or Simple Form
Continuous or Progressive Form
Perfect Form
Perfect Continuous or Perfect Progressive Form


EACH OF THESE FOUR TYPES OF FORMS HAS FOUR KINDS OF STATEMENTS:
Affirmative Statement --
Used to Show ‘Agreement’
Negative Statement --
Used to Show ‘Disagreement’
Interrogative Statement --
Used to Ask ‘Question’
Interrogative-Negative Statement --
Used to Ask ‘Question’ and Show ‘Disagreement’

Present Indefinite Tense

Expresses –
Permanent situation [in the past, present and future]
Example: Our family lives in Seattle.

General truth (fact or statement)
Example: Clean water is fundamental to public health.
Example: Many barrages have no utility and causes floods.

Habitual action [actions that occurs regularly]
Example: She listens to music every day.

‘Future meaning’ (timetable, planned event, etc.)
Example: My shop closes at 9pm.
Example: The train arrives at 7:30pm.

Traditions, rituals, customs
Example: Indians celebrate festival of light in the month of Oct-Nov.

Commands and Instructions [Imperative Sentences]
[Note: In imperatives, subject ‘you’ remains hidden]
Example: Condemn perpetrators of terrorism.
Example: Promote values of humanity and tolerance.
Example: Tell us about the exact nature of your work.

Used in if-clause of present and future real conditional sentences
Example: If I go there, I meet him.
Example: If things don't work out, we won't be panicked.

Headlines in news reporting [Use of simple present tense instead of simple past tense is common in news headlines]
Example: Flight skids on landing at airport.
Example: Thunder storm brings relief to residents.


(A). AFFIRMATIVE PATTERN –
subject + first form of main verb + other words
Singular Verb is used with subject ‘He and She’ + All Singular Subjects.
Plural Verb is used with subject ‘I, We, You and They’ + All Plural Subjects.
Examples:
He/She talks. I/We/You/They talk.
We seek opportunity to chart out our own course.
Lean margin of victory or defeat gives an impression of a tough contest.
Nowadays, voters value development over other issues.
They want civic amenities and employment opportunities.


(B). NEGATIVE PATTERN –
subject + auxiliary verb ‘do/does’ + not + first form of main verb + other words
Auxiliary Verb ‘Does’ is used with subject ‘He and She’ + All Singular Subjects.
Auxiliary Verb ‘Do’ is used with subject ‘I, We, You and They’ + All Plural Subjects.
Examples:
He/She does not talk. I/We/You/They do not talk.
Most buses do not cater to interior parts of the villages.
He does not know what to say.
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

1. What is an “Exclamation”?
2. Exclamatory Sentences
3. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘What’
4. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘How’
5. Exclamatory Sentences with So and Such
6. Exclamations in Declarative Sentences
7. Exclamations in Interrogative Sentences
8. Exclamations in Imperative Sentences
9. Detailed List of Interjections
10. Using ‘Common Words’ as Exclamations
11. Useful Exclamatory Phrases/Sentences
12. Other Patterns
13. List of Emotions Shown by Exclamations
Exercise: 1
Exercise: 2

Sample This:

1. What is an “Exclamation”?

DEFINITION: An exclamation (or interjection) is a short sound, word or phrase which is spoken suddenly to express strong emotion.
Or
Exclamatory words that can stand alone as a sentence while expressing emotions or reactions are called exclamations (or interjections).

Exclamation mark (!) should be written after an exclamation. “Exclamation Mark” is called "Exclamation Point" in American English.

There are many exclamatory words (interjections or exclamations) which are often used in daily life. Some of these words express one strong emotion while others express two or more strong emotions. They do not have a grammatical purpose in the sentence and are not associated to the other parts of the sentence. They do not play the role of a subject or a verb. They can stand by themselves, or are placed before, after or in middle of a sentence to express a strong emotion or feeling.

Examples:
Exclamatory Word -- Alas!
Represents feeling of ‘Sadness, Sorry’

Exclamatory Word -- Um!
Represents feeling of ‘Hesitation’

Exclamatory Word -- Yum!
Represents feeling of ‘Pleasant Taste or Smell’

You can use exclamations to show the following emotions:

admiration, affection, anger, annoyance, anticipation, apathy, approval, attention, awe, confusion, delight, despair, disappointment, disapproval, discontent, dislike, distress, eagerness, elation, enjoyment, excitement, fear, frustration, grief, happiness, humour, hurt, irritation, joy, love, mourning, pain, panic, pleasure, pride, remorse, respect, shame, shock, sorrow, sorry, surprise, sympathy, terror, wonder, etc.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

(1). Use Of An Exclamation (Interjection) In A Sentence

(a). Beginning A Sentence With An Interjection
When you begin a sentence with an interjection you can place either comma (,) or exclamatory mark (point) (!) after the interjection.

Examples:
Ah, what a wonderful gift!
Comma (,) after an interjection expresses less emotion.

Ah! What a wonderful gift!
Exclamatory mark (point) (!) after an interjection expresses more emotion.

Note: Both the sentences have exclamatory mark at the end.

Obviously, both are exclamatory sentences. But second one is more emphatic. Also note: if you put comma after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from small letter but if you put exclamatory mark after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from capital letter.

Important Note: You can also end the sentence with period (.) or question mark (?) to show mild emotion.
Ah, what a wonderful gift.
Ah! What a wonderful gift.

Wow, We won.
Oh, did you go there?

(B). Use Of An Interjection In The Middle Of A Sentence

Examples:
Hundreds of people, alas, feared killed in a massive landslide.
Albert Einstein was born in...er…Germany.
You deleted my folder…um…my file!

(C). Use Of An Interjection At The End Of A Sentence

Example:
So got married, huh!
What do you think of me, eh?

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

Active and Passive Voice
Interchange of Active and Passive Voice
1. First or Second Form of Verb
2. Auxiliary Verb ‘Be’ + -ING Form of Verb
3. Have/Has/Had + Past Participle
4. Present/Future Modals + Verb Word
5. Past Modals + Past Participle
6. Verb + Preposition
7. Main Verb + Object + Complement
8. Main Verb + Object + Object
9. Have/Has/Had + Infinitive (To + Verb)
10. Auxiliary Verb ‘Be’ + Infinitive (To + Verb)
11. Verb + Object + Infinitive (Without ‘To’)
12. There + Verb ‘Be’ + Noun + Infinitive
13. Interrogative Sentences
14. Imperative Sentences
15. Principal Clause + That + Noun Clause (Object)
16. Verb followed by --ING form or an Infinitive
17. Use of Prepositions
18. The Passive With Get
19. Middle Voice
Exercise -- 01
Exercise -- 02
Exercise -- 03

Sample This:

VOICE - Definition
Voice refers to the form of a verb that shows whether the subject of a sentence performs the action or is affected by it.

ACTIVE VOICE - Definition
The form of a verb in which subject is the person or thing that performs the action.
Example:
They finished the work.
[subject -- “they”, verb -- “finished”, object -- “work”]
In this sentence, the subject (they) acts on the object (work).

Other Examples:
The teacher praises him.
She posted the letter.
I buy new books.
We will celebrate his birthday.

PASSIVE VOICE - Definition
The form of a verb in which subject is affected by the action of the verb.
Important Note -- The object of the active voice becomes the subject in the passive voice.
Example:
The work was finished by them.
[subject -- “work”, passive verb -- “was finished”, object -- “them”]
In this example, the subject (work) is not the doer; it is being acted upon by the doer ‘them’)

Other Examples:
He is praised by the teacher.
The letter was posted by her
New books are bought by me.
His birthday will be celebrated by us.


WHEN TO USE PASSIVE VOICE
(1). You should use passive voice when you do not know the active subject.
(2). When you want to make the active object more important.
(3). When active subject is obvious.
(4). When you want to emphasize the action of the sentence rather than the doer of the action.
(5). Passive voice is frequently used to describe scientific or mechanical processes
(6). Passive voice is often used in news reports:
(7). When active voice does not sound good.
(8). When you want to make more polite or formal statements.
(9). You can use passive voice to avoid responsibility.
(10). You can also use passive voice for sentence variety in your writing.
(11). You can also use passive voice when you want to avoid extra-long subjects.

Changing Active Voice Into Passive Voice
Rule 1:
Move the object of the active voice into the position of subject (front of the sentence) in the passive voice. And move the subject of the active voice into the position of object in the passive voice.

Rule 2:
Passive voice needs a helping verb to express the action. Put the helping verb in the same tense as the original active sentence. The main verb of the active voice is always changed into past participle (third form of verb) in different ways.

Rule 3:
Place the active sentence's subject into a phrase beginning with the preposition ‘by’.

Rule 4:
If the object in an active voice sentence is a pronoun (me, us, you, him, her, they, it), it changes in passive voice sentence as follows:
me -- I; us -- we; you -- you; him -- he; her -- she; them -- they; it – it

Rule 5:
Subject- Verb Agreement
Make the first verb agree with the new subject in passive voice.

Rule 6:
When there are two objects (direct object and indirect object), only one object is interchanged. The second object remains unchanged.

Following Tenses Cannot Be Changed Into Passive Voice:
1. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
2. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
3. Future Continuous Tense
4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
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