This second volume of Norman Polmar's landmark study details the role of carriers in the unification of the U.S. armed forces and strategic deterrence, fiscally constrained Great Britain, the development of British Commonwealth and ex-colonial navies, and the efforts of France and the Netherlands to rebuild their fleets. The role of the modern carrier-nine nations currently possess them-is discussed, as are the issues confronting nations that might acquire them. Chapters on the Soviet Union's effort to produce carriers are included for the first time. The development of both carrier planes and the many "oddball" aircraft that have flown from carriers-such as the U-2 spy plane-are also examined. Appendixes include comprehensive data on all carriers built and converted through 2006.
This volume is a valuable companion to the critically acclaimed Volume I, which covers aircraft carrier development and operations from 1909 to 1945.
President Truman's determination to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki remains one of the most controversial decisions in American history.
In Truman's Dilemma: Invasion or The Bomb, military historian Paul D. Walker examines the circumstances of the war in the Pacific and weighs the factors that resulted in America's attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki with the atomic bomb. Walker argues that, faced with the genuine threat of overwhelming military and civilian casualties, Truman made the correct decision in a difficult situation.
Within this compelling book is a summary of Japanese history and an overview of the circumstances surrounding the war in the Pacific. Americans met a unique challenge when faced with their opponents. The Japanese had a fascinating mentality based on the traditional Japanese Bushido (way of the warrior) philosophy. This philosophy indoctrinated the entire populace with a desire to win--at any personal cost-- thereby adding new and distinctive elements to America's idea of traditional warfare. After weighing the options, Truman found himself looking for a solution that would quickly end the war. Demands for surrender had been met with deliberate silence. It was twelve days after the first bomb that peace came. Even then, an attempted coup by the Japanese militants had to be thwarted.
A selection of historical photographs and unique artwork accompany the analysis as James D'Angina delves into the history of the premier Axis fighter of the Pacific Theatre, exploring the design and combat effectiveness of the Zero as well as the tactics developed by Allied pilots to counter it.