Structural Approaches in Public Health

Routledge
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A CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2014!

That health has many social determinants is well established and a myriad range of structural factors – social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental – are now known to impact on population well-being. Public health practice has started exploring and responding to a range of health-related challenges from a structural paradigm, including individual and population vulnerability to infection with HIV and AIDS, injury-prevention, obesity, and smoking cessation.

Recognising the inadequacy of public health responses that focus solely on individual behaviour change to improve population health outcomes, this text promotes a more holistic approach. Discussing the structural factors related to health and well-being that are both within and outside of an individual’s control, it explores what form structural approaches can take, the underlying theory of structure as a risk factor and the local realities, environments, and priorities that public health practitioners need to take into consideration. Anchored in empirical evidence, the book provides case studies of innovative and influential interventions – from the 100% condom program, to urban planning, injury prevention, and the provision of adequate clean drinking water and sanitation systems – and concludes with a section on implementing and evaluating structural public health programs.

This comprehensive text brings together a selection of internationally-recognised authors to provide an overview for students and practitioners working in or concerned with public health around the globe.

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About the author

Marni Sommer is Assistant Professor of Sociomedical Sciences, and Director of the Global Health Track for the Department of Sociomedical Sciences, at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health, USA. She is the Executive Editor of the journal Global Public Health.

Richard Parker

is Professor of Sociomedical Sciences and Anthropology, and Director of the Center for the Study of Culture, Politics, and Health at Columbia University, USA. He is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Global Public Health.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Routledge
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Published on
Apr 26, 2013
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Pages
266
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ISBN
9781136766190
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Epidemiology
Medical / Public Health
Social Science / Disease & Health Issues
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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At the beginning of the twenty-first century, key public health issues and challenges have taken centre stage. They range from arsenic in drinking water to asthma among children and adults; from the re-emergence of cholera, to increasing cancer rates and other chronic diseases; from AIDS to malaria and hepatitis; from the crises faced by displaced or refugee populations to the new challenges that have emerged for reproductive health and rights.

Like most aspects of contemporary life, these problems have been impacted by globalization. The issues that confront us are being shaped by evolving processes such as the growth of inequalities between the rich and the poor in countries around the world, the globalization of trade and commerce, new patterns of travel and migration, as well as a reduction in resources for the development and sustainability of public health infrastructures.

The Routledge Handbook of Global Public Health explores this context and addresses both the emerging issues and conceptualizations of the notion of global health, along with expanding upon and highlighting the critical priorities in this rapidly evolving field. It is organized in ten main sections. The topics covered include:

The transition from international to global health

Structural inequalities and global public health

Ecological transformation and environmental health in the global system

Population and reproductive health

Conflict, violence and emergencies in global public health

Global public health policy and practice

Global public health and development

Global mental health

Global access to essential medicines

Health systems, health capacity, and the politics of global public health

This comprehensive handbook will provide an authoritative overview for students, practitioners, researchers, and policy makers working in or concerned with public health around the globe.

Winner of the NBCC Award for General Nonfiction

Named on Amazon's Best Books of the Year 2015--Michael Botticelli, U.S. Drug Czar (Politico) Favorite Book of the Year--Angus Deaton, Nobel Prize Economics (Bloomberg/WSJ) Best Books of 2015--Matt Bevin, Governor of Kentucky (WSJ) Books of the Year--Slate.com's 10 Best Books of 2015--Entertainment Weekly's 10 Best Books of 2015 --Buzzfeed's 19 Best Nonfiction Books of 2015--The Daily Beast's Best Big Idea Books of 2015--Seattle Times' Best Books of 2015--Boston Globe's Best Books of 2015--St. Louis Post-Dispatch's Best Books of 2015--The Guardian's The Best Book We Read All Year--Audible's Best Books of 2015--Texas Observer's Five Books We Loved in 2015--Chicago Public Library's Best Nonfiction Books of 2015

From a small town in Mexico to the boardrooms of Big Pharma to main streets nationwide, an explosive and shocking account of addiction in the heartland of America.

In 1929, in the blue-collar city of Portsmouth, Ohio, a company built a swimming pool the size of a football field; named Dreamland, it became the vital center of the community. Now, addiction has devastated Portsmouth, as it has hundreds of small rural towns and suburbs across America--addiction like no other the country has ever faced. How that happened is the riveting story of Dreamland.

With a great reporter's narrative skill and the storytelling ability of a novelist, acclaimed journalist Sam Quinones weaves together two classic tales of capitalism run amok whose unintentional collision has been catastrophic. The unfettered prescribing of pain medications during the 1990s reached its peak in Purdue Pharma's campaign to market OxyContin, its new, expensive--extremely addictive--miracle painkiller. Meanwhile, a massive influx of black tar heroin--cheap, potent, and originating from one small county on Mexico's west coast, independent of any drug cartel--assaulted small town and mid-sized cities across the country, driven by a brilliant, almost unbeatable marketing and distribution system. Together these phenomena continue to lay waste to communities from Tennessee to Oregon, Indiana to New Mexico.

Introducing a memorable cast of characters--pharma pioneers, young Mexican entrepreneurs, narcotics investigators, survivors, and parents--Quinones shows how these tales fit together. Dreamland is a revelatory account of the corrosive threat facing America and its heartland.
 

The sun is out. Your little boy is smiling. The next time you look… he’s gone.

 

Lana Cross would do anything to protect her perfect family but on a trip to an adventure park, they slip out of her sight. When she finds her husband, he’s out cold on the forest floor. Then the truth sinks in: Cooper, her four-year-old son, is missing.

 

No one stopped the man carrying the sleeping boy. The park cameras don’t show where he went. Then Lana receives an anonymous message, telling her to visit a local school with a horrifying history...

 

This is no random attack. Whoever took Cooper is playing a twisted game, and if Lana wants to find him, she must participate.

 

How could there be a link between the school and her missing son? And can Lana find her little boy before it’s too late?

 

A heart-in-mouth thriller that will keep you reading long into the night. Fans of James Patterson, Karin Slaughter, and Tess Gerritsen will be absolutely hooked.

What everyone’s saying about Hide and Seek:

‘Ohhh I totally loved this book. Fast-paced, gripping and it sucked me in from the very first page. This book was a real page turner.’ Goodreads, 5 stars

‘Wow this book was good, it was full of tension and was charged with emotion. A solid 5 stars!’ Bonnie’s Book Talk

‘From the very outset of this book I was hooked… I was almost holding my breath, poised on the edge of my seat, desperate to see what would happen. I loved it.’ Jen Med’s Books Reviews, 5 stars

‘If I could I would seriously give this book far more than five stars.’ Nicki’s Life of Crime

‘Fast-paced thriller that was difficult to put down.’ Goodreads, 5 stars

‘This is a terrifically delicious thriller... sort of like riding the world's highest roller coaster ride. Up and up and up... and then the fast decline to the bottom before starting again. All the while your heart is in your throat, the fear is palpable. If you like movies that scare you, books that leave you gasping, you really must read Hide and Seek.’ Strong Book Reviews

‘Sometimes I read "fast paced" or "dark suspense" and I think “Nah it really wasn't”. But this book was. I highly recommend this.’ Goodreads, 5 stars

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‘Great suspenseful book that is fast paced and well written... RECOMMEND!’ Goodreads

‘A pacey crime thriller. As the novel builds to its conclusion there are several twists in the tale. In fact, it turns into a real psychological thriller! I will certainly be looking out for future books by Richard Parker on the strength of this book.’ Goodreads

‘A rollercoaster of a ride from the very first sentence. Beyond every parent’s worst nightmare, this story delivers a terrifying plot that keeps you guessing. The sort of read you won't want to put down until you have finished it.’ Goodreads, 5 stars

‘I found myself hooked right from the very first page. Hide And Seek starts with a bang and stays that way until the very end.’ It’s All About Books,  5 stars

‘OMG! Richard Parker certainly knows how to grab the reader’s attention, with a “heart thumping” opening chapter I found myself well and truly hooked. Imagine one minute your child's having the time of their life and the next minute they’re gone, taken by a stranger, it's got to be every parent’s biggest nightmare, the author expertly builds on this fear making Hide And Seek a highly unnerving read...’ The Book Review Café

Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction

When three-month-old Lia Lee Arrived at the county hospital emergency room in Merced, California, a chain of events was set in motion from which neither she nor her parents nor her doctors would ever recover. Lia's parents, Foua and Nao Kao, were part of a large Hmong community in Merced, refugees from the CIA-run "Quiet War" in Laos. The Hmong, traditionally a close-knit and fiercely people, have been less amenable to assimilation than most immigrants, adhering steadfastly to the rituals and beliefs of their ancestors. Lia's pediatricians, Neil Ernst and his wife, Peggy Philip, cleaved just as strongly to another tradition: that of Western medicine. When Lia Lee Entered the American medical system, diagnosed as an epileptic, her story became a tragic case history of cultural miscommunication.

Parents and doctors both wanted the best for Lia, but their ideas about the causes of her illness and its treatment could hardly have been more different. The Hmong see illness aand healing as spiritual matters linked to virtually everything in the universe, while medical community marks a division between body and soul, and concerns itself almost exclusively with the former. Lia's doctors ascribed her seizures to the misfiring of her cerebral neurons; her parents called her illness, qaug dab peg--the spirit catches you and you fall down--and ascribed it to the wandering of her soul. The doctors prescribed anticonvulsants; her parents preferred animal sacrifices.

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