This book contains an edited selection of papers presented at the International Workshop on Defect and Fault Tolerance in VLSI Systems held October 6-7, 1988 in Springfield, Massachusetts. Our thanks go to all the contributors and especially the members of the program committee for the difficult and time-consuming work involved in selecting the papers that were presented in the workshop and reviewing the papers included in this book. Thanks are also due to the IEEE Computer Society (in particular, the Technical Committee on Fault-Tolerant Computing and the Technical Committee on VLSI) and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst for sponsoring the workshop, and to the National Science Foundation for supporting (under grant number MIP-8803418) the keynote address and the distribution of this book to all workshop attendees. The objective of the workshop was to bring t. ogether researchers and practition ers from both industry and academia in the field of defect tolerance and yield en ha. ncement in VLSI to discuss their mutual interests in defect-tolerant architectures and models for integrated circuit defects, faults, and yield. Progress in this area was slowed down by the proprietary nature of yield-related data, and by the lack of appropriate forums for disseminating such information. The goal of this workshop was therefore to provide a forum for a dialogue and exchange of views. A follow-up workshop in October 1989, with C. H. Stapper from IBM and V. K. Jain from the University of South Florida as general co-chairmen, is being organized.
The modern electronic testing has a forty year history. Test professionals hold some fairly large conferences and numerous workshops, have a journal, and there are over one hundred books on testing. Still, a full course on testing is offered only at a few universities, mostly by professors who have a research interest in this area. Apparently, most professors would not have taken a course on electronic testing when they were students. Other than the computer engineering curriculum being too crowded, the major reason cited for the absence of a course on electronic testing is the lack of a suitable textbook. For VLSI the foundation was provided by semiconductor device techn- ogy, circuit design, and electronic testing. In a computer engineering curriculum, therefore, it is necessary that foundations should be taught before applications. The field of VLSI has expanded to systems-on-a-chip, which include digital, memory, and mixed-signalsubsystems. To our knowledge this is the first textbook to cover all three types of electronic circuits. We have written this textbook for an undergraduate “foundations” course on electronic testing. Obviously, it is too voluminous for a one-semester course and a teacher will have to select from the topics. We did not restrict such freedom because the selection may depend upon the individual expertise and interests. Besides, there is merit in having a larger book that will retain its usefulness for the owner even after the completion of the course. With equal tenacity, we address the needs of three other groups of readers.
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