Controversies in Environmental Policy presents comprehensive analyses of the politics surrounding decision-making on such environmental issues as land use, toxic waste management, new federalism, and economic incentive. It recognizes that environmental policy-making is a blend of politics, technology, and economics, and provides a sophisticated understanding of the interrelationship of the three.
The contributors to this volume examine the underlying value systems of the proponents of government-dominated solutions and private-enterprise-dominated solutions to the questions of environmental policy. This book is unique in that it exposes the biases inherent in both sides of the debate, analyzing the differing views on the effectiveness of such policy evaluation strategies as cost benefit analysis and regulatory agency control. It provides conservative and liberal opinions on the social and economic impact of the Reagan administration’s effort to shape environmental policy.
Controversies in Environmental Policy recognizes the fundamental differences in values, strategies, and desired outcomes among those involved in the debates on environmental policy. Disguised by a fragile consensus throughout the 1970s, these divisions emerged with the election of the Reagan administration. The basic divisions are not new and are consistent with the differences in other policy areas.
In an age of austerity and uncertainty, can Britain’s security be assured - and its place in the world be maintained? The publication of the British government’s Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) in October 2010 provoked widespread and lively public debate. The review was long overdue: the world has changed dramatically since the last review in the 1990s, and its assumptions did not account for the increased and prolonged challenges faced by the armed forces in a post-9/11 world. At the same time, the financial crisis also rendered the defence programme unsustainable. Written by the foremost independent security and defence experts in the field, including Michael Clarke, Hew Strachan and Malcolm Chambers, this vital new book analyses every important facet of the 2010 review and the fundamental questions and tough choices that are still to be resolved. It examines the impact of the spending cuts; the decisions on the military equipment that should be procured; the industrial implications of defence procurement decisions; the relationships with allies and partners; the intelligence sources; and, not least, the moral and ethical dimensions of modern security policy in a globalised but disordered world. A Question of Security sets the core agenda for all wishing to understand the defence problems Britain now faces - and also for those in government and parliament who will have to continue to answer these difficult questions in a generational moment for UK defence policy.
"A British “karateka” offers a bone-crushing, lip-splitting, and often elegant memoir of a tough guy searching for higher meaning through the study of martial arts." "In this memoir describing how karate turned his life around, Clarke displays passion and grit in spades." Michael Clarke was an angry, vicious kid, a street fighter. He grew up in the late sixties and early seventies in Manchester, England, in a tough neighborhood where, he writes, “Prostitutes worked the pavement opposite my home, illegal bookmakers took bets in back alley cellars, and street brawls were commonplace.”
He left school at fifteen and began his education as a pugilist on the streets. He fought in bars and clubs, at football matches, in parks, and in bus stations—and he was good. He reveled in the victories and the admiration they brought.
It was a life of knuckles and teeth, of broken bones and torn flesh—and the arrests that followed. Clarke was seventeen when a judge sentenced him to two years in Strangeways Prison, an infamous place also known as “psychopath central.”
In prison he resolved to change his life and stay out of trouble, but trouble was everywhere. He discovered a world of violent gangs, abusive guards, and inmates engaged in an endless struggle for dominance. Strangeways was a place where a person could get stabbed to death for taking the bigger piece of toast.
In time Clarke was released, but the transition was difficult and he almost fought his way back to prison. Then one night he entered a karate dojo and his life changed forever. He began a lifetime pursuit of budo, the martial way. He sought knowledge, studied with masters, and traveled to Okinawa, the birthplace of karate.
Redemption: A Street Fighter’s Path to Peace is a true account of youth wasted and life reclaimed. Michael Clarke reminds us that martial arts are not simply about punching and kicking. They forge the spirit, temper the will, and reveal our true nature.
ADDING POWER TO THE FIGHTING TECHNIQUES OF KARATE Hojo Undo means ‘supplementary training,’ and using these tools is the key for developing the devastating power of karate techniques. Without Hojo Undo training, a practitioner cannot reach the profound strength levels required for a lifetime of karate training. This book details how to construct and use many training tools, provides accurate mechanical drawings, comprehensive training methods, and discusses the historical context to understand why Hojo Undo was created in ‘old’ Okinawa.
• Warm up exercises • Detailed construction drawings • Build your own Hojo Undo tools! • Learn how to use the tools to develop devastating power • Link your increased power to fighting techniques • Hear what Okinawan Masters say about Hojo Undo training
The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is China’s largest province, shares borders with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and Mongolia, and possesses a variety of natural resources, including oil. The tensions between ethnic Muslim Uyghurs and the growing number of Han Chinese in Xinjiang have recently increased, occasionally breaking out into violence. At the same time as being a potential troublespot for China, the province is of increasing strategic significance as China’s gateway to Central Asia whose natural resources are of increasing importance to China. This book focuses in particular on what life is like in Xinjiang for the diverse population that lives there. It offers important insights into the social, economic and political terrains of Xinjiang, concentrating especially on how current trends in Xinjiang are likely to develop in the future. In doing so it provides a broader understanding of the region and its peoples.
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