The large number of leguminous plants to be found in the United States necessitated some selection for consideration in this publication. Strictly ornamental plants are excluded. The species treated are: (1) Those that have actually been used for their erosion-control value; (2) those with known records of use by wildlife; and (3) those of significance to the soil and wildlife conservationist for some other particularly pertinent reason. However, both native and introduced legumes in all parts of the United States have been considered in compiling the list. About 400 species are treated in this publication, 128 of which are illustrated. Any legume not listed may be considered to have no erosion-control or wildlife values which have come to the author's attention.