Persistent Pain

Current Management of Pain

Book 2
Springer Science & Business Media
Free sample

Chronic and persistent pain, which is a problem for the individual who suffers and the society that has to deal with it, has become increasingly appreciated. Over the last three decades, several books and journals have been specifically devoted to the topic of pain, especially chronic and persistent pain. It has been increasingly recognized that chronic and persistent pain, unlike acute pain, involves significant psychosocial factors and requires treatment strategies that deal with these issues. All measurements and factors that affect improvement seem to be in the psychosocial area rather than the medical/ biological/physical areas. Psychosocial conveys the importance of the environmental and interpersonal factors of the patient's functioning. The writing of this book has brought together some of the leading researchers and clinicians in the area of managing the patient with chronic pain. The authors express their opinions based on experience and review of the literature available to date. Each of the chapters focuses on an important element of the assessment and/or treatment intervention utilized for the individual with chronic pain. The concluding chapter summarizes the status of the assessment and treatment strategies for those patients.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Dec 6, 2012
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Pages
208
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ISBN
9781461317272
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Anesthesiology
Medical / Clinical Medicine
Medical / Psychiatry / General
Medical / Public Health
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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The diagnosis of cancer inspires fear, in part because of the high mortality rate associated with most malignancies, and in part because of the perception that cancer is a painful disease. Recently compiled statistics tend to support patients' fears. Pain is a major symptom in 70% of patients with advanced cancer [1]. Half of all patients undergoing anticancer therapy experience pain [2]. It has been estimated by members of the World Health Organization that 3. 5 million people worldwide suffer from cancer pain. One study of the severity of cancer pain estimates that pain is moderate to severe in 50% of cancer pain patients, very severe or excruciating in 30% [3]. An analysis of several reports of patients in developed countries estimates that 50-80% of patients had inadequate relief [2]. In underdeveloped countries, adequacy of treatment may be far lower because of lack of availability of medical facilities and legal constraints on the use of potent narcotics. The picture need not be this bleak. The reality is that, for most patients, cancer pain is relatively easy to control with simple, inexpensive measures. Several studies have indicated that cancer pain can be well controlled with oral morphine in over 90% of patients [4,5]. Long-acting orally effective opiate preparations such as time release morphine, methadone, and levorphanol allow patients to sleep comfortably through the night. When the oral route is impossible, narcotics can be administered rectally or by intravenous or subcutaneous infusion.
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