Planning Your Research And How To Write It

World Scientific
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This book is a practical guide for residents and young researchers who are planning to embark on research. It details the significant planning one must first do including choosing a suitable experienced clinician as a supervisor, sourcing for a 'winning idea' with significant clinical impact, performing a proper review of literature, defining clearly the objectives to be set and adopting the appropriate methodology. Statistical evaluation must be done from the start of the research to define adequate sample size and also for evaluation of the results. It also advises how one should draw upon relevant and appropriate conclusions from the results obtained.The ethics of research is also discussed. An all-important factor in research is the procurement of research grants. Readers are guided how to write a proper research proposal to secure these much needed grants.Many research papers end up as presentations only in local or international conferences. An important additional objective of this book is to guide young researchers how to write their finished product — as a publication in an important international, refereed journal or as a thesis. Chapters have been specially written with tips for scientific writing, selecting the right journal, writing for an original article for a journal, a review article, a case report as well as for a thesis. Tips are also written on what reviewers of a journal look for in an article as well as what examiners look for in a thesis.
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About the author

Nather is of the National University Hospital Bone Bank, Singapore.

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Additional Information

Publisher
World Scientific
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Published on
Oct 21, 2015
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Pages
364
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ISBN
9789814651066
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Essays
Medical / General
Reference / Research
Reference / Writing Skills
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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This book is written as a comprehensive guide for residents and young orthopaedic surgeons embarking on research, especially for those doing so for the very first time. It is specially designed to cater to the needs of trainees in the region preparing their theses for masters or fellowship degrees in orthopaedic surgery.It provides a detailed insight on the importance of strategic planning, organisational ability, resourcefulness, innovativeness and creativity to produce good research. Even more crucial is the necessity to have dedication, perseverance and strong commitment to pursue research. Infra-structural, technical, manpower and funding support are equally important. It describes how the investigator must plan his research well and outlines the strategies he could adopt to write an application for the much needed research grant.The book presents the basic methodology for animal experimentation research, histological techniques, biomechanical testing, microvascular surgery and cell culture techniques including tissue engineering. Also featured are the latest developments in the various clinical sub-specialties in orthopaedics & reconstructive surgery: spine, hip, knee, paediatrics, hand and oncology, highlighting research opportunities in the various clinical disciplines that could be explored. It ends with a guide on how to write the finished product — an article for a journal or a thesis/dissertation for a post-graduate examination. The final chapter outlines how total objective evaluation of a young researcher's output should be conducted.
A brilliant and courageous doctor reveals, in gripping accounts of true cases, the power and limits of modern medicine.

Sometimes in medicine the only way to know what is truly going on in a patient is to operate, to look inside with one's own eyes. This book is exploratory surgery on medicine itself, laying bare a science not in its idealized form but as it actually is -- complicated, perplexing, and profoundly human.

Atul Gawande offers an unflinching view from the scalpel's edge, where science is ambiguous, information is limited, the stakes are high, yet decisions must be made. In dramatic and revealing stories of patients and doctors, he explores how deadly mistakes occur and why good surgeons go bad. He also shows us what happens when medicine comes up against the inexplicable: an architect with incapacitating back pain for which there is no physical cause; a young woman with nausea that won't go away; a television newscaster whose blushing is so severe that she cannot do her job. Gawande offers a richly detailed portrait of the people and the science, even as he tackles the paradoxes and imperfections inherent in caring for human lives.

At once tough-minded and humane, Complications is a new kind of medical writing, nuanced and lucid, unafraid to confront the conflicts and uncertainties that lie at the heart of modern medicine, yet always alive to the possibilities of wisdom in this extraordinary endeavor.

Complications is a 2002 National Book Award Finalist for Nonfiction.

The New York Times bestselling author of Complications examines, in riveting accounts of medical failure and triumph, how success is achieved in a complex and risk-filled profession

The struggle to perform well is universal: each one of us faces fatigue, limited resources, and imperfect abilities in whatever we do. But nowhere is this drive to do better more important than in medicine, where lives are on the line with every decision. In his new book, Atul Gawande explores how doctors strive to close the gap between best intentions and best performance in the face of obstacles that sometimes seem insurmountable.

Gawande's gripping stories of diligence, ingenuity, and what it means to do right by people take us to battlefield surgical tents in Iraq, to labor and delivery rooms in Boston, to a polio outbreak in India, and to malpractice courtrooms around the country. He discusses the ethical dilemmas of doctors' participation in lethal injections, examines the influence of money on modern medicine, and recounts the astoundingly contentious history of hand washing. And as in all his writing, Gawande gives us an inside look at his own life as a practicing surgeon, offering a searingly honest firsthand account of work in a field where mistakes are both unavoidable and unthinkable.

At once unflinching and compassionate, Better is an exhilarating journey narrated by "arguably the best nonfiction doctor-writer around" (Salon). Gawande's investigation into medical professionals and how they progress from merely good to great provides rare insight into the elements of success, illuminating every area of human endeavor.

This book is written as a comprehensive guide for residents and young orthopaedic surgeons embarking on research, especially for those doing so for the very first time. It is specially designed to cater to the needs of trainees in the region preparing their theses for masters or fellowship degrees in orthopaedic surgery.It provides a detailed insight on the importance of strategic planning, organisational ability, resourcefulness, innovativeness and creativity to produce good research. Even more crucial is the necessity to have dedication, perseverance and strong commitment to pursue research. Infra-structural, technical, manpower and funding support are equally important. It describes how the investigator must plan his research well and outlines the strategies he could adopt to write an application for the much needed research grant.The book presents the basic methodology for animal experimentation research, histological techniques, biomechanical testing, microvascular surgery and cell culture techniques including tissue engineering. Also featured are the latest developments in the various clinical sub-specialties in orthopaedics & reconstructive surgery: spine, hip, knee, paediatrics, hand and oncology, highlighting research opportunities in the various clinical disciplines that could be explored. It ends with a guide on how to write the finished product — an article for a journal or a thesis/dissertation for a post-graduate examination. The final chapter outlines how total objective evaluation of a young researcher's output should be conducted.
Advances in Tissue Banking is the first authoritative publication to encompass this interdisciplinary field, which is now providing hundreds of thousands of tissue grafts for transplant surgery every year worldwide (400,000 grafts in the USA alone annually). There is no text book which can be consulted about the subject, since the field has moved so rapidly over the past few years. The scientific and medical publications are scattered throughout specialised literature and are not readily accessible to all the diverse practitioners.This book, volume 1 of the new series, is written by experts on the subject. It is designed to fill the gap and provide a vehicle of communication for those participating in various aspects of the subject. Regulators are still in the process of coming to grips with the requirements to ensure safety and find a suitable definition within the legislative system for a “transplant tissue”. The various transplant donation systems in various countries differ. Allografts are used extensively in orthopaedic surgery, burns and wound healing. Heart valve banking has now established itself. Central to the subject is the prevention of the transmission of infection, with great emphasis being placed on the screening of donors, preservation and sterilisation of the tissues using the best and safest procedures.Nobody connected with regulating, producing, or using tissues can afford to be without the concentrated information so readily provided in this book, which is not available elsewhere. It will also be of great value to scientists and doctors who wish to learn about the subject and to introduce it into general scientific and medical education.
This book is a comprehensive guide for all tissue bank operators to screen, procure and process amniotic membrane for clinical application.

The amnion comes close to being the ideal biological membrane or dressing — readily available, inexpensive to procure and process. Its basic science is discussed in detail — anatomy, biological and biomechanical properties.

It can be procured from the placenta in normal vaginal deliveries and from Caesarean Sections. Processing is by freeze-drying or by air-drying process with sterilisation using gamma irradiation.

The product has low antigenicity, has anti-microbial properties with ability to enhance epithelisation with marked relief of pain. It is useful as a dressing for wounds — flap wounds, burn wounds, injury wounds, diabetic ulcers, leprous ulcers and post-surgery wounds and post-radiation wounds. It is also used as a biological scaffold for cells in tissue engineering. Its ophthalmic applications include treatment of corneal ulcers and conjunctival tumours. Oral uses include gingiva depigmentation and periodontal regeneration.

Contents: Section I: Introduction: IAEA Programmes in Tissue Banking in Asia-Pacific Region (Nazly Hilmy and Norimah Yusof)Tissue Banking in Asia Pacific Region: Past, Present, Future (Aziz Nather, Foong Shi Yun Mandy, Tan Ning and Wang Kaiying)Training Tissue Bank Operators — 20 Years of Experience by IAEA/NUS Regional Training Centre (Aziz Nather and Wo Yu Jun)Section II: Historical Development and Basic Science: Historical Development of Amnion (Norimah Yusof and Nazly Hilmy)Anatomy and Histology of Amnion (Nazly Hilmy and Norimah Yusof)Biological Properties and Functions of Amnion (Paramita Pandansari, Retno Dwijartini Tantin, Basril Abbas and Nazly Hilmy)Physical Properties of Amnion (Norimah Yusof and Nazly Hilmy)Section III: Screening, Procurement and Processing: Transmissible Diseases (Aziz Nather, Sherilyn Leong Li Juan and Wo Yu Jun)Donor Suitability (Aziz Nather, Wo Yu Jun, Sherilyn Leong Li Juan, Norimah Yusof and Nazly Hilmy)Procurement and Processing of Amniotic Membrane (Nazly Hilmy and Norimah Yusof)Section IV: Sterilisation and Quality Control: Sterilisation of Amnion (Norimah Yusof and Nazly Hilmy)Routine Quality Control of Processed Amniotic Membrane (Norimah Yusof and Nazly Hilmy)Section V: Clinical Applications: Management of Wounds: Use of Amnion in Plastic Surgery (Ahmad Sukari Halim, Leow Aik Ming, Aravazhi Ananda Dorai and Wan Azman Wan Sulaiman)Role of Amnion for Treating Burns (Hasim Mohamad)Role of Amnion for Healing of Wounds (Menkher Manjas, Petrus Tarusaraya and Nazly Hilmy)Amnion Dressing in the Management of Radiation Skin Reaction Following Post Radiotherapy (Menkher Manjas)Ophthalmic Applications: Freeze-Dried Irradiated Amnion in Ophthalmic Surgery (Nazly Hilmy, Paramita Pandansari, Getry Sukmawati Ibrahim, S Indira, S Bambang, Radiah Sunarti and Susi Heryati)Multi Layer Amniotic Membrane Transplantation (MLAMT) for Ocular Reconstruction (Getry Sukmawati Ibrahim and Havriza Vitresia)Oral Cavity Applications: Gingiva Depigmentation Using Amniotic Membrane (Retno Dwijartini Tantin, Basril Abbas, Paramita Pandansari and Nazly Hilmy)Amniotic Membrane in Periodontal Regeneration (Shaila Kothiwale)
Readership: This book will serve a
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