The book provides a valuable resource for environmental scientists, while also providing an important basis for graduate and postgraduate students interested in research on hydrological cycles and environmental changes.
Truly comprehensive observational diagnostic studies of these issues are essentially impossible, since they would require the global observational overage at extremely high spatial resolution. An alternative is to study such issues in high resolution models that may span 3 or more orders of magnitude in terms of spatial scales.
There has been a great deal of progress recently on development and application of such fine resolution models. This had been spurred in part by the recent availability of exceptionally powerful computers. Noteworthy in this respect is the Earth Simulator in Yokohama, Japan, which commenced operations in 2002 and provides a peak performance of 40 Terraflops, but competitive supercomputers for scientific applications are now becoming available in the USA and Europe as well. There has developed in the last few years an increased understanding of the scientific value of results from very high resolution comprehensive numerical simulations.
This book documents the first international meeting focused specifically on high-resolution atmospheric and oceanic modeling held at the Earth Simulator Center. Rather than producing a standard conference proceedings it includes papers written by invited speakers at the meeting reporting on their most exciting recent results involving high resolution modeling.
The author focuses on the conceptual understanding. The example time series and the exercises lead the reader to explore the meaning of concepts such as the estimation of the linear time series (AMRA) models or spectra.
This book is also a guide to using "R" for the statistical analysis of time series. "R" is a powerful environment for the statistical and graphical analysis of data."R" is available under GNU conditions.
- Introduces readers to the fundamentals of rock fracturing
- Uses a modern style of teaching with theory, mathematical modelling and applications in one package
- The basic version of the FRACOD software, manual, verification examples and applications are available as additional material
- The FRACOD program and manual enable the readers to solve fracture propagation problems on their own
Ki-Bok Min, Department of Energy Resources Engineering,
College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Korea
“Challenging rock engineering applications require extreme conditions of stress, temperature and hydraulic pressure resulting in rock fracturing to a various extent. The FRACOD is one of few computer codes available in engineering rock mechanics that can simulate the initiation and propagation of fractures often interacting with natural fractures. Its capability has been significantly enhanced to include the hydraulic and thermal fracturing with concerted interaction from multi-national research and industry partners. My experience with the FRACOD is very positive and I am certain that its already-excellent track record will expand further in the future."