The DAC Guidelines Poverty Reduction

OECD Publishing

Developing countries, with the support of multilateral institutions, the bilateral development assistance community and civil society organisations, are focusing as never before on the development priority of reducing poverty by half by 2015. Country-led and country-owned poverty reduction strategies focusing on local needs and priorities as determined by stakeholders are now the focus of all development assistance efforts. The DAC Guidelines on Poverty Reduction provide practical information about the nature of poverty and best practice approaches, policies, instruments and channels for tackling it. They also break new ground in setting out the parameters for building effective partnerships with governments, civil society, and other development actors, and in describing how institutional change and development within bilateral agencies themselves could be undertaken for mainstreaming poverty reduction, partnership and policy coherence.
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OECD Publishing
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Published on
Nov 30, 2001
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This report is based on four main sources: an extensive literature review, the analysis of the
answers to a questionnaire sent to FATF and FSRB members; the results of a typology workshop and
subsequent consultation with the football sector.
Results to the questionnaire were obtained in October 2008 from 25 countries, mostly European,
seven South-American countries, two from Asia and Australia. The responding countries differ widely in
size, role and organisation of football in society (ranging from large countries with big football leagues to
smaller nations or nations with only non-professional football). Differences in information, position and
interest in the person or organisation that provided the answers (national football association, government
representatives, national FIUs, the police or judicial authorities) needed to be taken into consideration as
Following the analysis of questionnaires, a workshop on money laundering and the football
sector was held in Monaco in November 2008 as part of the 2008 FATF/MONEYVAL Typologies
meeting. This workshop was very well supported by members of the FATF, MONEYVAL and
representatives of other countries. The following participants were involved in the 2-day breakout session
which considered issues in depth: Belgium, Brazil, Cyprus, Egmont Group, France, International Olympic
Committee (IOC), Ireland, Italy, Monaco, Norway, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa, Switzerland, the
Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
The study has also relied on the experience and cooperation of the private sector. A
representative of the IOC attended the Monaco workshop in November 2008. Consultation with
representatives of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) and of the Union of
European Football Associations (UEFA) also took place in January and April 2009. Those representatives
received a copy of the report and were given the opportunity to comment. All the comments of the private sector were taken into account when considered relevant.
The benefits of open markets are tangible. In the last decade, countries that have been more open to trade and investment have achieved double the average annual growth of more closed economies. More individuals, firms and nations than ever before depend on the gains from trade and investment liberalisation. Yet anxiety about the effects of greater market integration remains.

It is essential for long-term world prosperity that countries' commitment to trade and investment liberalisation be sustained. To be credible, that commitment must be rooted in and enjoy broad public support and understanding. This makes it all the more important to communicate what trade and investment liberalisation can and cannot do and be held responsible for.

Trade and investment liberalisation is not painless. It should not be viewed as a cure-all nor presented as an end in itself. It is, however, an essential component of any coherent set of policies aimed at helping societies adjust to - and take advantage of - technology-driven transformations whose pace and depth are unprecedented.

The stakes are high. This book examines the various channels through which open markets deliver considerable benefits to societies and their citizens; recalls the real pocket-book costs of protectionism; and addresses the full range of concerns that feature prominently in ongoing discussions over the effects of market liberalisation on employment, income distribution, environmental protection and national sovereignty.

A central message of this book is that liberalisation forms part of the solution to the concerns of citizens, rather than being their root cause. The book's comprehensive treatment of the ins and outs of trade and investment liberalisation should make an important contribution to the public debate. It is essential reading for public officials, business leaders and private citizens who wish to take an active part in it.

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