Description
This proceedings volume focusses on the applications of geometry in present day science. It contains contributions from a variety of fields, including biology, computer science, mathematics, medicine, physics and stochastics.
In order to reach a broader audience, the book has been written not only for specialists in stereology, integral geometry and geometric measure theory. In particular, Chapter 1 is an elementary introduction to stereology and the book contains about 75 illustrations. The theory of local steroelogy involves, however, advanced mathematical tools, which constitute an important part of the book.
Local-stereological methods are now in world-wide use in the microscopical study of biological tissue, and this invaluable book also contains a description of how the local methods are used in practice.
“This book adds weighty theoretical support to the increasingly important field of spatial sampling.”
Short Book Reviews“The whole book is very carefully written from both the mathematical and didactical points of view. This excellent style is supported by a series of suggestive figures and of exercises. It is written for researchers working in theory or in applications, for teachers and for graduate students.”
Mathematical Reviews“The book is self-contained, and well-readable with a number of explanatory figures. All chapters are followed by useful exercises and bibliographical notes. Overall, this book is going to become a standard graduate text on design-based local stereology.”
Mathematics AbstractsThe present second volume contains the following lectures: "Random Walks on Finite Quantum Groups" by Uwe Franz and Rolf Gohm, "Quantum Markov Processes and Applications in Physics" by Burkhard Kümmerer, Classical and Free Infinite Divisibility and Lévy Processes" by Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen, Steen Thorbjornsen, and "Lévy Processes on Quantum Groups and Dual Groups" by Uwe Franz.
Recently, methods have been developed to treat these theories nonperturbatively, based on discrete triangulations of the surfaces that can be generated by simple matrix models. Exact solutions with a rich mathematical structure have emerged. All these matters are discussed fully in this book.
The volume begins with a comprehensive introduction by Jürg Fröhlich.
The theory of phase transitions and continuous symmetry breaking is reviewed in the first section. The second section discusses the non-perturbative quantization of topological solitons. The third section is devoted to the study of gauge fields. A paper on the triviality of λϖ4 — theory in four and more dimensions is found in the fourth section, while the fifth contains two articles on “random geometry”. The sixth and final part addresses topics in low-dimensional quantum field theory, including braid statistics, two-dimensional conformal field theory and an application to condensed matter theory.
Contents:Phase Transitions and Continuous Symmetry BreakingNon-Perturbative Quantization of Topological SolitonsGauge Theories, including (the Infrared Problem in) Quantum ElectrodynamicsTriviality of λϖ4Low-Dimensional QFT: Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory, Three-Dimensional (Gauge) Theories“These papers contain much that was original, but, perhaps more significantly for a collection, they provide a remarkable overview of a large body of work.”
Mathematical ReviewsThis volume, with an excellent introductory preface, describes the state-of-the-art of this rapidly evolving subject with special emphasis on the non-Brownian world. It collects articles written by leading experts that will appeal to the non-specialist. An extensive bibliography at the end of each article makes this an invaluable comprehensive reference text.
For the researcher and graduate student, every article contains open problems and points out directions for future research. The accessible nature of the work makes this an ideal introductory text for graduate seminars in applied probability, stochastic processes, physics, finance, and telecommunications, and a unique guide to the world of Lévy processes.
In order to reach a broader audience, the book has been written not only for specialists in stereology, integral geometry and geometric measure theory. In particular, Chapter 1 is an elementary introduction to stereology and the book contains about 75 illustrations. The theory of local steroelogy involves, however, advanced mathematical tools, which constitute an important part of the book.
Local-stereological methods are now in world-wide use in the microscopical study of biological tissue, and this invaluable book also contains a description of how the local methods are used in practice.
“This book adds weighty theoretical support to the increasingly important field of spatial sampling.”
Short Book Reviews“The whole book is very carefully written from both the mathematical and didactical points of view. This excellent style is supported by a series of suggestive figures and of exercises. It is written for researchers working in theory or in applications, for teachers and for graduate students.”
Mathematical Reviews“The book is self-contained, and well-readable with a number of explanatory figures. All chapters are followed by useful exercises and bibliographical notes. Overall, this book is going to become a standard graduate text on design-based local stereology.”
Mathematics AbstractsThe present second volume contains the following lectures: "Random Walks on Finite Quantum Groups" by Uwe Franz and Rolf Gohm, "Quantum Markov Processes and Applications in Physics" by Burkhard Kümmerer, Classical and Free Infinite Divisibility and Lévy Processes" by Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen, Steen Thorbjornsen, and "Lévy Processes on Quantum Groups and Dual Groups" by Uwe Franz.