Recht ex machina: Formalisierung des Rechts im Internet der Dienste

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Im Internet werden Informationen immer häufiger so ausgezeichnet, dass sie für Computer interpretierbar sind (Semantic Web). Solche maschinenlesbaren Informationen sorgen dafür, dass Dienste im Internet verfügbar gemacht und gefunden werden können. Diese Automatisierung schafft eine neue Rechtslage und stellt sowohl für die Rechtspflege als auch für Geschäftspartner eine Herausforderung dar. In dem Band präsentieren die Autoren eine automatisierte Rechtsfolgenermittlung als praxisrelevanten Ansatz zur Herstellung von Rechtssicherheit.
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About the author

Oliver Raabe: Studium der Rechts- und Staatswissenschaften an der Universität Kiel mit erstem juristischem Staatsexamen. Juristischer Vorbereitungsdienst und zweites juristisches Staatsexamen in Hamburg. Hernach Dissertation zum technischen Umweltschutzrecht an der Universität Kiel. Seit dem Jahr 2001 zunächst Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter und später Forschungsgruppenleiter mit Forschungsschwerpunkten an der Schnittstelle von IKT und Recht (Energieinformationsrecht und Rechtsinformatik) am Institut für Informations- und Wirtschaftsrecht (IIWR) im Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT).

Daniel Oberle: Nach abgeschlossenen Diploma der Informatik an der Fachhochschule sowie der Universität Karlsruhe, erhielt er seinen Dr. rer. pol. Grad von der Universität Karlsruhe am Institut für Angewandte Informatik und Formale Beschreibungsverfahren (AIFB), Forschungsgruppe Prof. Studer. Die Promotion diskutiert die Anwendung von Semantic Web Technologien in etablierten Middleware Lösungen und wurde beim Springer Verlag veröffentlicht. Daniel Oberle hat über 50 wissenschaftliche Publikation verfasst im Bereich Semantic Web und Ontologien. Seit 2006 arbeitet er als Senior Researcher im SAP Research Center Karlsruhe.

Christian Funk: Studium der Rechtswissenschaften in Dresden mit ersten Juristischen Staatsexamen 2002. Anschließend als wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter bei LutherMenold (heute Luther) und Quack, Gutterer & Partner in Dresden tätig. 2003-2005 juristischer Vorbereitungsdienst in Karlsruhe und Windhoek, Namibia. 2005-2009 wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Informations- und Wirtschaftsrecht (IIWR) im Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT). Promotion an der Rechtswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg mit einer Dissertation zu Fragen des Informationsrechts und der Rechtsinformatik. Seit 2009 als Richter auf Probe in der sächsischen Justiz tätig.

Richard Wacker beendete Ende des Jahres 2006 sein Studium an der Universität Karlsruhe als Diplom-Informationswirt. Anschließend nahm er mit dem Ziel der Promotion im Bereich Rechtsinformatik die Tätigkeit bei der Forschungsgruppe Energieinformationsrecht und Rechtsinformatik am Institut für Informations- und Wirtschaftsrecht auf. Er beschäftigte sich zunächst im Rahmen des Projektes SESAM und später des Projektes THESEUS/TEXO mit Fragen zur „Formalisierung des Rechts“. Hierbei lag der rechtliche Schwerpunkt im Datenschutzrecht. Der informatikbezogene Fokus lag und liegt auf der formallogischen Beschreibung unscharfer Rechtsbegriffe.

Christian Baumann studierte an der Universität Karlsruhe sowie in einem einjährigen Auslandsaufenthalt an der University of Technology in Sydney, Australien, im Bereich Informationstechnologie und erhielt seinen Dipl.Inform.-Wirt. von der Universität Karlsruhe 2006. Nach seinem Studium begann er in der Softwareentwicklung bei der SAP AG in Walldorf. Seit 2008 arbeitet Christian Baumann als Research Associate am SAP Research Center in Karlsruhe und ist externer Doktorand am Zentrum für angewandte Rechtswissenschaften in der Forschungsgruppe Energieinformationsrecht und Rechtsinformatik. Zum Ende seiner Promotion verbrachte er einen neunmonatigen Forschungsaufenthalt an der University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley Center for Law and Technology. Seine Forschungssinteressen liegen im Bereich Urheberrecht und neue Technologien. In seiner Dissertation betrachtet er die formale Abbildung von geistigen Eigentumsrechten für den Einsatz in vernetzten technischen Systemen.

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
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Published on
Jun 30, 2012
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Pages
448
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ISBN
9783642176715
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Language
German
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Genres
Business & Economics / Business Mathematics
Business & Economics / Information Management
Computers / Computer Simulation
Computers / Desktop Applications / Design & Graphics
Computers / General
Computers / Programming / General
Computers / Software Development & Engineering / General
Law / Computer & Internet
Law / Jurisprudence
Law / Reference
Law / Science & Technology
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Typische Programmieraufgaben kreativ lösen am Beispiel von C++
Von der Aufgabe zur Lösung – so gehen Sie vorProbleme analysieren und schrittweise bearbeitenSystematisches Vorgehen lernen und anwenden
Aus dem Inhalt:Strategien zur ProblemlösungEingabeverarbeitungStatusverfolgungArraysZeiger und dynamische SpeicherverwaltungKlassenRekursionWiederverwendung von CodeRekursive und iterative ProgrammierungDenken wie ein Programmierer
Die Herausforderung beim Programmieren besteht nicht im Erlernen der Syntax einer bestimmten Sprache, sondern in der Fähigkeit, auf kreative Art Probleme zu lösen. In diesem einzigartigen Buch widmet sich der Autor V. Anton Spraul genau jenen Fähigkeiten, die in normalen Lehrbüchern eher nicht behandelt werden: die Fähigkeit, wie ein Programmierer zu denken und Aufgaben zu lösen.
In den einzelnen Kapiteln behandelt er jeweils verschiedene Programmierkonzepte wie beispielsweise Klassen, Zeiger und Rekursion, und fordert den Leser mit erweiterbaren Übungen zur praktischen Anwendung des Gelernten auf.

Sie lernen unter anderem:Probleme in diskrete Einzelteile zerlegen, die sich leichter lösen lassenFunktionen, Klassen und Bibliotheken möglichst effizient nutzen und wiederholt verwendendie perfekte Datenstruktur für eine Aufgabenstellung auswählenanspruchsvollere Programmiertechniken wie Rekursion und dynamischen Speicher einsetzenIhre Gendanken ordnen und Strategien entwickeln, um bestimmte Problemkategorien in Angriff zu nehmen
Die Beispiele im Buch werden mit C++ gelöst, die dargestellten kreativen Problemlösungskonzepte gehen aber weit über die einzelnen Programmiersprachen und oft sogar über den Bereich der Informatik hinaus.
Denn wie die fähigsten Programmierer wissen, handelt es sich beim Schreiben herausragender Quelltexte um kreative Kunst und der erste Schritt auf dem Weg zum eigenen Meisterwerk besteht darin, wie ein Programmierer zu denken.

Über den Autor:
V. Anton Spraul hat über 15 Jahre lang Vorlesungen über die Grundlagen der Programmierung und Informatik gehalten. In diesem Buch fasst er die von ihm dabei perfektionierten Verfahren zusammen. Er ist auch Autor von »Computer Science Made Simple«.
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 1,5, , language: English, abstract: Today’s business world is in many ways different as it used to be 40-60 years ago. One of such dissimilarity concerns the staff turnover. Whereas in the 1950’s, 60’s and 70’s many employees used to work their entire life in only one or two companies the employment culture changed drastically to this day in this regard. Nowadays enterprises have to deal with (early) retirement issues form the so called baby boomer generation and beyond this it is much more common to change workplaces every few years too. Present figures underline that the annual 2005/06 voluntary turnover rate for the US was circa 23.4% which was an increase by 0.7% from the previous year. Although this high value might be specific to the US, another survey identified this rate for the UK in “old Europe” still to be 17.3% in 2007. These numbers are especially for companies worrying because each job change also means a loss of money. Including the direct costs (e.g. recruitment, selection and training) as well as the indirect ones (e.g. loss of expertise, increased workloads for colleagues plus morale effects on employees) researchers estimate costs between 30% of yearly salary of entry-level staff and up to 400% for high-level employees. Since the impact for firms seems to be significant it has to be their goal to minimize the potential turnover causes. Regarding the UK survey the key ones are change of career (55%), promotion outside of organization (45%), level of payment (41%) and lack of career opportunities (33%). The good thing is that based on a US study the majority of asked business executives, namely over 80% in 2008 against 41% in 2007, realized the top priority of employee retention and its effect on the company overall performance. One firm that was always not as strongly affected as others from high staff turnover but still suffered from it is the Solvay Group. Due to its growing international strategic orientation, the enterprise underwent a restructuring process until 2007 and managed in this course to improve one of the key retention aspects, namely its workforce mobility program. In line with the homonymous human resource issue, the author will initially state the different mobility types including their determinants. After emphasizing the close link between the retention tool of talent management and international mobility including current survey data it will be analyzed how successful Solvay uses its expatriate program to gain a competitive advantage. [...]
Master's Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject African Studies, grade: 1,0, Grenoble Ecole de Management, course: International Business , language: English, abstract: In the present 21st century the global distribution of power among countries seems to be changing. While since World War I predominantly the United States of America have begun to gain worldwide importance especially politically and economically, it is currently experiencing a slow loss of power due to a number of reasons. One of such is the development in Asia towards economic liberalization and linked with it the rise of China. In particular after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, the Asian country has introduced several reforms under its new political leader Deng Xiaoping that led to ongoing fast economic growth until today. Together with the increasing economic strength China aims for more international influence and recognition as a world power. A demonstration of such claim could be seen in the media on October 1st 2009 when China was celebrating the 60th anniversary of the finding of its People’s Republic in the form of the biggest military parade ever. In order to turn this signal of a new global distribution of power into reality, China can not solely rely on a strong economy but needs to establish international political ties too. One reason concerns the geological structure of the largest Asian country because it can be considered to be poor in natural resources. As a result it needs to secure its economy by importing those and hence in the search for international partners it decided to focus also on the African continent. While in the beginning of the 20th century the European hegemony was unbowed in Africa and no country could withstand the traded goods from Europe this development changed drastically just six decades later. The former European dominance on the African continent yielded a rise in influence from other countries like China and India. Or more generally in the words of a Financial Times reporter: “Europe was the past, the US is the present and a China-dominated Asia the future of the global economy.” If this quotation will come true remains to be seen, but China is certainly working towards that goal and among other things the (re)establishment of close relations with many African states is one part of the current governmental strategy. The following master thesis shall be devoted to the phenomenon of China’s return to the African continent since the mid 1990’s. The research question which shall be answered at the end is “what is the impact of China’s engagement in Sub-Saharan Africa with a country focus.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2009 in the subject Organisation and Administration, grade: 1,5, , language: English, abstract: 1. Introduction The 4th November 2008 was an important day for the US citizens and the entire world. This day proved for many that the American dream is still possible. For the first time in history an Afro-American candidate became President of the United States of America. Barrack Hussein Obama, a man with an uncommon background, has managed to win the election clearly with 365 electoral votes against his republican counterpart John McCain, who ended his campaign with 173 votes. Who is this man and how did he realize his goal to become president despite the strong competition and the fact that just 40 years ago, racial segregation still was a major problem in the US? Clearly, he was different compared to his rivals in many ways and this finally accounted for his overwhelming result. The following paper shall identify and analyze these success drivers from an organizational behavior perspective. To what extent did he make use of theories discussed in class, like effective leadership and organizational structure? To begin with, the authors will provide a brief overview in regard to the US American election system, a major reason, why the nation was ready for reconsiderations and change. An initial descriptive discussion of Obama’s election campaign as well as those of his competitors shall serve as a basis for the following integrative analysis, linking both theory and practice in a comparative manner. What made Barack Obama, his campaign and his operations so unique and successful? The subsequent work will provide answers this central question. [...]
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Environmental Policy, grade: 1,5, Grenoble Ecole de Management, course: Business Ethics, language: English, abstract: For many years scientists alert that a climatic change is taking place which is significantly caused by the way human beings are treating their environment. The negative effects of this development had their origin in the end of the 19th respectively in the beginning of the 20th century when the industrialization in many western countries began. With the industrial progress over the last 100 years an increasingly amount of greenhouse gases is released into the atmosphere causing the ecological balance to become incrementally out of order. The impact can be already felt today as temperatures are rising and this is likely to bring about changes for nature including the human beings and many other species. Although the global climatic change is unlikely to be stopped medium-term because carbon dioxide, the greenhouse gas with the largest quantity in the air, is said to have a 100 years+ lifetime span in atmosphere , the effects of the worldwide warming can be mitigated. In the early 1990’s this environmental issue was picked up and first steps for global climate policies were made. In 1997, the diplomatic efforts led to the resolution of the so called Kyoto protocol which obligates the member states to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. This result can still today be seen as a milestone in the international climate policy. Therefore, this agreement will be the subject of examination on the following pages. The author will firstly describe the rationale behind the protocol before underlining its main provisions for developed and less developed countries. Moreover, the effectiveness of the treaty will be critically evaluated and finally emphasize will be also given to the impact it has on my home country, Germany.
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