Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste by Thermal Conversion Technologies

CRC Press
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This book presents an overview of the technology that allows millions and millions of tons of municipal solid waste generated globally to be perceived as an asset which, after materials recovery for recycling, can be used to generate clean power, transport fuels that can substitute fossil fuels, and value-based chemicals with minimal environmental
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About the author

Dr. P. Jayarama Reddy is an energy consultant to the solar photovoltaic industry and serves as a board member of several international renewable energy companies related to solar module fabrication, power generation from biomass and municipal solid waste. He is a retired professor of Physics (Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, India) and has worked in various big research laboratories at Cornell University (US), Imperial College London (UK), Charles University (Czech Republic), and Stuttgart University (Germany). Dr. Reddy is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK) and has published a number of papers on polycrystalline thin film solar materials and cells, as well as the books Science and Technology of Photovoltaics, published by BS Publications / CRC Press/Balkema, and Solar Power Generation and Clean Coal Teechnologies for Power Generation, published by CRC Press/Balkema.

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Additional Information

Publisher
CRC Press
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Published on
Mar 30, 2016
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Pages
256
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ISBN
9781498777049
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Technology & Engineering / Chemical & Biochemical
Technology & Engineering / Environmental / General
Technology & Engineering / Environmental / Pollution Control
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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 Existe una creciente preocupación medioambiental debida la presencia de microcontaminantes orgánicos en los sistemas acuáticos. La escasa eficiencia en la degradación de contaminantes orgánicos persistentes en las plantas de tratamiento de aguas residuales convencionales basadas en procesos biológicos constituye uno de los principales fuentes de su emisión en el medio ambiente. Esto significa la liberación continua en el ciclo del agua de sustancias que aunque se encuentran en muy bajas concentraciones, han sido reconocidas como potencialmente peligrosas para el medio ambiente y la salud humana. Por tanto, para la eliminación de estas sustancias se está investigando la inclusión de un tratamiento terciario en las estaciones depuradoras de aguas residuales. En este respecto, los procesos de oxidación avanzada (POA) han sido ampliamente investigados debido a la generación de radicales hidroxilos altamente reactivos, capaces de oxidar compuestos orgánicos. Entre ellos, el proceso foto-Fenton ha demostrado ser eficaz en la eliminación de microcontaminantes. Sin embargo, todavía se necesita investigar en la operación de este proceso para su aplicación en plantas de tratamiento de aguas residuales a escala real. Este trabajo ha sido diseñado para evaluar diferentes estrategias de operación del proceso foto-Fenton como tratamiento terciario para eliminar microcontaminantes en efluentes secundarios de la industria agroalimentaria (“Cítricos del Andarax S.A.”, Almería, España) y de plantas de tratamiento de aguas residuales municipales. La evaluación se ha realizado en función de las características de las distintas matrices de agua así como por la viabilidad de escalar el proceso a niveles reales utilizando un reactor de bajo costo tipo “raceway”. Los reactores “raceway” son fotorreactores extensivos formados por canales donde el líquido es movido por un agitador de palas y que permiten tratar grandes volúmenes de agua. En resumen, el trabajo presentado en esta tesis muestra que controlar el pH durante la depuración biológica de aguas residuales de industria agro-alimentaria facilita la eliminación de microcontaminantes mediante el proceso de foto-Fenton y que reduce los costes de reactivos. Además, el exceso de fango generado durante el tratamiento biológico puede ser reducido por ultrasonicación del fango purgado y degrada la mayoría de los plaguicidas absorbidos en el fango. Por otro lado, los reactores tipo “raceway” permiten altas capacidades de tratamiento para la eliminación de microcontaminantes mediante procesos de Fenton solares como la dosificación secuencial de hierro y el uso del complejo Fe3+/EDDS, habiendo demostrado ser tratamientos eficientes en la eliminación de microcontaminates y toxicidad en efluentes secundarios de depuradoras de aguas residuales.
Get Cutting-Edge Coverage of All Chemical Engineering Topics— from Fundamentals to the Latest Computer Applications

First published in 1934, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with an expert source of chemical engineering information and data. Now updated to reflect the latest technology and processes of the new millennium, the Eighth Edition of this classic guide provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering-from fundamental principles to chemical processes and equipment to new computer applications.

Filled with over 700 detailed illustrations, the Eighth Edition of Perry's Chemcial Engineering Handbook features:

Comprehensive tables and charts for unit conversion A greatly expanded section on physical and chemical data New to this edition: the latest advances in distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation processes, and chemical plant safety practices with accident case histories

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- Conversion Factors and Mathematical Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data • Mathematics • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics Reaction Kinetics • Process Control • Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Size Reduction and Size Enlargement • Handling of Bulk Solids and Packaging of Solids and Liquids • Alternative Separation Processes • And Many Other Topics!
Get Cutting-Edge Coverage of All Chemical Engineering Topics— from Fundamentals to the Latest Computer Applications

First published in 1934, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with an expert source of chemical engineering information and data. Now updated to reflect the latest technology and processes of the new millennium, the Eighth Edition of this classic guide provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering-from fundamental principles to chemical processes and equipment to new computer applications.

Filled with over 700 detailed illustrations, the Eighth Edition of Perry's Chemcial Engineering Handbook features:

Comprehensive tables and charts for unit conversion A greatly expanded section on physical and chemical data New to this edition: the latest advances in distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation processes, and chemical plant safety practices with accident case histories

Inside This Updated Chemical Engineering Guide

- Conversion Factors and Mathematical Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data • Mathematics • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics Reaction Kinetics • Process Control • Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Size Reduction and Size Enlargement • Handling of Bulk Solids and Packaging of Solids and Liquids • Alternative Separation Processes • And Many Other Topics!
From a former New York Times science writer, this urgent call to action will empower you to stand up to climate change and environmental pollution by making simple but impactful everyday choices.

With urgency and wit, Tatiana Schlossberg explains that far from being only a distant problem of the natural world created by the fossil fuel industry, climate change is all around us, all the time, lurking everywhere in our convenience-driven society, all without our realizing it.

By examining the unseen and unconscious environmental impacts in four areas-the Internet and technology, food, fashion, and fuel - Schlossberg helps readers better understand why climate change is such a complicated issue, and how it connects all of us: How streaming a movie on Netflix in New York burns coal in Virginia; how eating a hamburger in California might contribute to pollution in the Gulf of Mexico; how buying an inexpensive cashmere sweater in Chicago expands the Mongolian desert; how destroying forests from North Carolina is necessary to generate electricity in England.

Cataloging the complexities and frustrations of our carbon-intensive society with a dry sense of humor, Schlossberg makes the climate crisis and its solutions interesting and relevant to everyone who cares, even a little, about the planet. She empowers readers to think about their stuff and the environment in a new way, helping them make more informed choices when it comes to the future of our world.

Most importantly, this is a book about the power we have as voters and consumers to make sure that the fight against climate change includes all of us and all of our stuff, not just industry groups and politicians. If we have any hope of solving the problem, we all have to do it together.
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