Energy Systems Analysis for Developing Countries

Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems

Book 222
Springer Science & Business Media
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The lecture notes presented in these pages were originally developed for use in the Energy Management Training Program (EMTP), sponsored by the Office of Energy, U. S. Agency for International Development. This program, held at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the Institute for Energy Research, State University of New York at Stony Brook, is designed to train mid-career and senior government officials in developing countries in the techniques of energy policy analysis and planning, and covers, in addition to the material presented here, more detailed case studies in resource evaluation, pricing, conservation, financial analysis, and investment planning. Since its incep tion in 1978, some 220 individuals from 57 countries have attended the course. These notes have also been used in executive level seminars and in country training programs in the Sudan, the Dominican Republic, and the People's Republic of China. Attendance at the course is diverse, and typically includes planners, managers, engineers, and economists from energy planning agencies, ministries of finance and economic development, electric utilities, refineries and State Oil Companies, and specialized energy planning units for energy conservation and for regional cooperation. The monograph is designed not just as reading material to support lectures, but also as a general self-contained reference text for a very diverse audience: we have therefore included much introduc tory material. The presentation is focused on a discussion of the basic principles of systems analysis: and the case material has been specially designed to illustrate these principles.
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Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Dec 6, 2012
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Pages
348
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ISBN
9783642483370
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Economics / General
Business & Economics / Economics / Theory
Business & Economics / Environmental Economics
Business & Economics / International / Economics
Business & Economics / International / General
Mathematics / Probability & Statistics / General
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Carlota S. Smith was a key figure in linguistic research and a pioneering woman in generative linguistics. This selection of papers focuses on the research into tense, aspect, and discourse that Smith completed while Professor of Linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin.

Smith’s early work in English syntax is still cited today, and her early career also yielded key research on language acquisition by young children. Starting in the mid-1970s, after her move to UT, she embarked on her most important line of research. In numerous papers—the first of which was published in 1975—and in a very important 1991 book (The Parameter of Aspect), Smith analyzed how languages encode time and how they encode the ways events and situations occur over time.

Smith’s work on the expression of time in language is notable because of its careful analyses of a number of quite different languages, including not only English and French, but also Russian, Mandarin, and Navajo. Inspired by a year in France in the early 1970s, Smith began to analyze the differing ways in which languages encode time and how they encode the ways events and situations occur over time. In doing so, she developed her signature ‘two-component’ theory of aspect. This model of temporal aspect provided an excellent framework for graduate students seeking to analyze the temporal systems of an array of languages, including under-described languages that are so much the focus of research in UT’s Linguistics Department.

Selected by Carlota Smith herself and by her longtime friends and colleagues, this book contains her 1980 piece on temporal structures in discourse, her 1986 comparison of the English and French aspectual systems, a 1996 paper on the aspect system in Navajo (an increasingly-endangered language which Smith worked to preserve), and her 1980 and 1993 papers on the child’s acquisition of tense and aspect.

Smith, who died in 2007, was a trailblazer in her field whose broad interests fed into her scholarly research. She was an avid reader who sought to bring the analytic tools of linguistics to the humanistic study of literature, by examining the syntactic and pragmatic principles which underlie literary effects. Her research on rhetorical and temporal effects in context was integrated into her last book, Modes of Discourse (2003).

The current volume of articles covers much of her most fruitful work on the way in which language is used to express time, and will be essential reading for many working and studying in linguistics generally and in semantics particularly

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