Théatre de Pierre Corneille,: avec des commentaires, &c. &c. &c, Volume 3

Les frères Cramer
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Publisher
Les frères Cramer
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Published on
Dec 31, 1764
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Pages
536
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Language
French
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This content is DRM free.
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This carefully crafted ebook: “VOLTAIRE – Premium Collection: Novels, Philosophical Writings, Historical Works, Plays, Poems & Letters (60+ Works in One Volume) - Illustrated” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Table of Contents: Novels Candide Zadig Micromegas The Huron The White Bull The Man of Forty Crowns The Princess of Babylon The Sage and the Atheist Stories Memnon the Philosopher The Black and the White The World as it Goes Andre des Touches at Siam Bababec Jeannot and Colin The Travels of Scarmentado A Conversation with a Chinese Plato's Dream Pleasure in Having no Pleasure An Adventure in India The Good Brahmin The Two Comforters Ancient Faith and Fable The Study of Nature Dialogues Plays Mahomet Merope Olympia The Orphan of China Brutus Amelia Oedipus Mariamne Socrates Zaire Caesar The Prodigal Alzire Orestes Semiramis Catilina Pandora The Scotch Woman Nanine The Prude The Tatler Poems Henriade (Canto IX) The Lisbon Earthquake and Other Poems Philosophical Works A Philosophical Dictionary Letters on England Treatise on Tolerance Historical Works Age of Louis XIV The History of Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia Letters Letters to Jonathan Swift Letter from Voltaire to Charles Jean-Baptiste Fleuriau Literary Criticism Voltaire and England by Lytton Strachey Voltaire’s Tragedies by Lytton Strachey Voltaire and Frederick the Great by Lytton Strachey Lectures on Voltaire by Robert Green Ingersoll Biographies Voltaire: A Sketch of His Life and Works by G. W. Foote and J. M. Wheeler Voltaire by John Morley Voltaire in the Netherlands by C. A. Van Sypesteyn Voltaire by George Saintsbury
Candide is a French satire by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism (or simply Optimism) by his mentor, Pangloss. The work describes the abrupt cessation of this lifestyle, followed by Candide's slow, painful disillusionment as he witnesses and experiences great hardships in the world. Voltaire concludes with Candide, if not rejecting optimism outright, advocating a deeply practical precept, "we must cultivate our garden", in lieu of the Leibnizian mantra of Pangloss, "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds".

Candide is characterized by its sarcastic tone, as well as by its erratic, fantastical and fast-moving plot. A picaresque novel it parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is mordantly matter-of-fact. Still, the events discussed are often based on historical happenings, such as the Seven Years' War and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. As philosophers of Voltaire's day contended with the problem of evil, so too does Candide in this short novel, albeit more directly and humorously. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers through allegory; most conspicuously, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism.

As expected by Voltaire, Candide has enjoyed both great success and great scandal. Immediately after its secretive publication, the book was widely banned because it contained religious blasphemy, political sedition and intellectual hostility hidden under a thin veil of naïveté. However, with its sharp wit and insightful portrayal of the human condition, the novel has since inspired many later authors and artists to mimic and adapt it. Today, Candide is recognized as Voltaire's magnum opus and is often listed as part of the Western canon; it is arguably taught more than any other work of French literature. It was listed as one of The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written.
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