Novel Approaches to Treatment of Osteoporosis

Ernst Schering Foundation Symposium Proceedings

Book 25
Springer Science & Business Media
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Osteoporosis affects a growing number of the population. Current treatments are based on prevention of further bone loss after the condition is diagnosed, often because a fracture has occurred. Treatments in the future will aim at healing osteoporosis by improving bone mass and quality. This book describes novel discoveries and research which will allow bone to be restored after it has been lost.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Mar 9, 2013
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Pages
264
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ISBN
9783662090077
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / General
Medical / Pharmacology
Medical / Research
Science / Life Sciences / Cell Biology
Science / Life Sciences / Molecular Biology
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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The European Workshops on Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology of the Testis have become by now a well-established tradition. Thanks to their special format, the quality of the main lectures and miniposters, and the vivid discussions, they enjoy the ever-increasing interest and active participation of all European scientists working in the field. Moreover, since the very beginning they have attracted investigators from all over the world. The most recent "Testis Workshop" was held in De Panne, Belgium, from 27-3\ March, 1994. As always, the frame work of the workshop was provided by a series of lectures delivered by a panel of internationally recognized authorities. These lectures are ga thered in the present volume of the Ernst Schering Foundation Work shop series. Together with the Miniposter book they constitute an excel lent written account of the Proceedings of the 8th European Testis Workshop. The testis undoubtedly represents one of the most complex and in triguing tissues in the body. Both its endocrine function, the secretion of male sex hormones, and its exocrine role, the production of mature spermatozoa, continue to raise startling questions to clinicians, physi ologists, endocrinologists, and scientists involved in fundamental re search. Few organs maintain and support a differentiation process as complicated as spermatogenesis; few tissues continually display both mitotic and meiotic cell cyles in such a stringently controlled fashion or a comparable need for coordinated endocrine and local control.
Over the past decade, rapid progress had been made in elucidating the cellular and molecular mechanisms of new blood vessel formation in both health and disease. Lack of sufficient angiogenesis (new capillary development) and collateral formation (remodeling of existing blood vessels) in adult tissues (e. g. , heart, brain, skeletal muscle) during criti cal ischemia has prompted novel therapeutic strategies to stimulate/fa cilitate angiogenesis and collateral formation in ischemic conditions ("therapeutic angiogenesis"). Therapeutic angiogenesis describes a strategy of inducing new col lateral vessels that can bypass vascular obstructions caused by atherosclerotic disease and stimulating new capillaries that can en hance tissue oxygen exchange. Naturally occurring growth factors (e. g. , FGFs, VEGFs) have been identified and demonstrated to induce new blood vessel formation in the adult organism. The therapeutic ap plication of these growth factors has been demonstrated to enhance these natural processes and have been shown in a number of animal models to increase blood flow and oxygen exchange to ischemic tis sues. Therapeutic angiogenesis therefore represents a new medical principle that is anticipated to be used as an adjunct or alternative to angioplasty and/or bypass surgery. A number of strategies have been proposed and tested to deliver growth factors. One strategy is the direct administration of the growth factor protein by intramuscular, intraarte rial or intravenous delivery.
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