Because of concerns raised about the professionalism and conduct of certain Dept. of Justice attorneys, as well as the process for holding them accountable to ethical standards, this report provides information about certain aspects of the operations of Justice's Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR). OPR is responsible for investigating allegations of misconduct involving Justice attorneys' exercise of their authority to investigate, litigate, or provide legal advice. The report provides information on 7 specific issues relating to OPR operations, which deal with the types of allegations, the sources of allegations, and the results of investigations.
Contains profiles of felons incarcerated in Fed. and state correctional facilities, using data from the two most recent surveys of inmates in Fed. and state correctional facilities. It addresses the following questions: (1) what were the overall profiles -- personal demographics, family background, criminal record, drug history, and treatment participation -- for state and for Fed. prison inmates in 1997, and were there any differences between state and Fed. inmates or by current offense type, race, and gender?; and (2) in comparing the 1991 and 1997 profiles, were there any changes in the overall profiles for state and for Fed. inmates or by current offense type, race, and gender?
An eligible person or bus. may file a protest challenging a Fed. contract award or the procedure by which the offers were solicited. This report reviews the cases, particularly small business (SB) cases, that have been filed in district courts and U.S. Court of Fed. Claims (COFC) (Courts) since the Admin. Dispute Resolution Act of 1996 took effect. The report's objectives are to: identify the # of bid protest cases filed in the Courts between 1997 and 1999, that were filed by SB, the type of agencies involved, and the amount of the procurement; identify the perceived advantages and disadvantages, particularly for SB, of filing bid protest cases in each judicial forum.
Reviews and compiles the latest statistics on the incidence and societal cost of identity theft (IT). Generally, IT or identity fraud involves "stealing" another person's personal identifying info. -- such as Social Security number, date of birth, and mother's maiden name -- and then using the info. to fraudulently establish credit, run up debt, or take over existing financial accounts. This report provides info. on: the extent or prevalence of IT; the cost of IT to the financial services industry, including direct fraud losses, staffing of fraud departments, and effect on consumer confidence in online commerce; the cost of IT to victims, including victim productivity losses, out-of-pocket expenses, and cost of being denied credit; and the cost of IT to the Fed. criminal justice system.
Reviews Fed. and state efforts to address identity theft, which has been characterized by law enforcement (LE) as the fastest growing type of crime in the U.S. Provides info. on: LE results (such as examples of prosecutions and convictions) under the Fed. Identity Theft Act; LE results under state statutes that, similar to the Fed. act, provide state and local LE officials with the tools to prosecute and convict identity theft criminals; the means used to promote cooperation or coordination among Fed., state, and local LE agencies in addressing identity theft crimes that span multiple jurisdictions; and actions taken by the U.S. Social Security Admin. to resolve Social Security Number misuse and other identity theft-related allegations received during FY 1999.
The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 included provisions establishing an expedited removal (ER) process for dealing with aliens who attempt to enter the U.S. by engaging in fraud or misrepresentation or those who arrive with fraudulent, improper, or no documents. Aliens who are subject to ER and assert a fear of being returned to their home country or country of last residence are to be provided a credible fear (CF) interview. This CF interview identified aliens whose asylum claims have a possibility of succeeding. Recommends that INS reevaluate its policy for deciding when to release aliens who have a CF of persecution.
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