Philosopher Georg Lukacs described the style of a piece of work as the attempt to reproduce one's view of the world within it. Looked at in this way, he says, style ceases to be a formalistic category but rather, “it is rooted in content; it is the specific form of a specific content.” After all, style is not technique, but ought to convey an intention. Sociologist Georg Simmel said that style is the aesthetic attempt to provide a “unifying encompassing context”.
This series is about the content and context of style.
Undoubtedly, it will irritate and enthuse but it is intended to be a fillip for our contemporary era in which style is often equated with fashion - where style can be dismissed in order to avoid dealing with its essence. Therefore these essays are not style over substance, but the very substance of style.
The De Stijl manifesto of 1918 argued that the liberal arts should engage in a dialogue to create a new “wisdom of life”. The robustness of these essays suggests that such an ambition still resonates. Such an exchange can still appear vital and captivating.
Each Style: In Defence Of… confronts us with new ideas for contemplation and critique. We hope that minds might be open to critically engage with each of these polemical bulletins. In so doing, we might reasonably formulate what we stand for.
Based on the principle that design unavoidably follows social change, politics and economics, this analysis casts a new light on recent architecture. Starting with the lead up to events in the 1990s, links are established between the global dominance of the North Atlantic economies, architectural style and a dramatic increase in international architectural practice. The widely-observed homogeneity of the global consumer economy is examined in relation to branding, tourism and international competition between cities, and parallels are drawn with universal architectural and urban types, iconic architecture and the rise of the star architect. Contrasting pressures to maintain differences are identified in the break-up of nation states, identity politics, targeted marketing and environmentalism, and these are related to attempts to reinforce local identity through architecture and urban design.
Using social, political and economic change as a guide to new directions in architecture and urban design, the book ends by tracing the changes in global power revealed by the 2008 Western financial crash and its immediate impact on the built environment. By comparing past patterns of cultural influence, the book speculates on how architecture and urban design may come to reflect wider global trends.
Complete Book of Framing, Second Edition is an updated,easy-to-learn guide to rough carpentry and framing written by anexpert with more than thirty years of framing experience. This bookguides the reader through the steps on framing floors, walls,roofs, door and window openings, and stairs. Hundreds of colorphotographs and illustrations help the reader understand the basicsas well as advanced framing methods. This Second Edition isupdated to match the framing techniques to the 2009 InternationalBuilding Code, and introduces the concept of "green framing"regarding material use and handling.Deals with the new corrosive treating methods that began to beused in 2004 for pressure treated woodCovers the time and energy-saving benefits of positiveplacement nail guns, which have become the industry standard forfastening light gage hardwareIncludes a glue-laminated beam weight chart, along with adescription of crane operations for setting these beams
Starting with the basics, this book begins with types of lumber,nails, and what tools are needed, followed by detailed, fullyillustrated steps for framing each building element—fromplanning and layout through specific nailing patterns.Framer-Friendly Tips throughout the book show how to get a taskdone right—and more easily.
For over three decades, Building Construction Illustratedhas offered an outstanding introduction to the principles ofbuilding construction. This new edition of the revered classicremains as relevant as ever, providing the latest information inFrancis D.K. Ching's signature style. Its rich and comprehensiveapproach clearly presents all of the basic concepts underlyingbuilding construction.
New to this edition are digital enhancements delivered as anonline companion to the print edition and also embedded in e-bookeditions. Features include a 3D model showing how buildingcomponents come together in a final project.llustrated throughout with clear and accurate drawings thatpresent the state of the art in construction processes andmaterialsUpdated and revised to include the latest knowledge onsustainability, incorporation of building systems, and use of newmaterialsContains archetypal drawings that offer clear inspiration fordesigners and draftersReflects the 2012 International Building Codes and 2012 LEEDsystem
This new edition of Building Construction Illustratedremains as relevant as ever, with the most current knowledgepresented in a rich and comprehensive manner that does notdisappoint.