Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite

Simon and Schuster
2

A tight-knit group closely linked by intermarriage as well as class and old school ties, the “Arabists” were men and women who spent much of their lives living and working in the Arab world as diplomats, military attaches, intelligence agents, scholar-adventurers, and teachers. As such, the Arabists exerted considerable influence both as career diplomats and as bureaucrats within the State Department from the early nineteenth century to the present. But over time, as this work shows, the group increasingly lost touch with a rapidly changing American society, growing both more insular and headstrong and showing a marked tendency to assert the Arab point of view. Drawing on interviews, memoirs, and other official and private sources, Kaplan reconstructs the 100-year history of the Arabist elite, demonstrating their profound influence on American attitudes toward the Middle East, and tracing their decline as an influx of ethnic and regional specialists has transformed the State Department and challenged the power of the old elite.
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About the author

Journalist Robert D. Kaplan is a contributing editor The Atlantic Monthly. He has traveled extensively, and his journeys through Yugoslavia and America have produced, respectively, Balkan Ghosts (which was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize) and An Empire Wilderness. Kapan is also the author of Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power (Random House, 2010) and The Revenge of Geography (Random House, 2012) Kaplan has lectured at the FBI, the National Security Agency, the Pentagon's Joint Staff, major universities, the CIA, and business forums.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Simon and Schuster
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Published on
Jul 1, 1995
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Pages
368
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ISBN
9781439108703
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Features
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Language
English
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Genres
Fiction / General
History / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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羅柏.D.卡普蘭(Robert D. Kaplan)
《外交政策》雜誌評選「全球百大思想家」,

《世界的盡頭》、《南中國海》、《地理的復仇》作者羅柏.卡普蘭2016年最新力作


理解俄國與歐盟紛爭的一把鑰匙,除卻2014年烏克蘭克里米亞,下一個將受到國際關注的衝突地域

本書將帶引讀者走入一個位處歐洲邊陲,歐、亞文化交融並陳的「德古拉」神祕國度——羅馬尼亞


羅柏.卡普蘭於一九七○年代初次造訪羅馬尼亞,當時他是一名年輕記者,羅馬尼亞則是共產世界中一個慘澹蕭條的偏遠國度。它位於歐洲的一個晦暗角落,鮮少受到西方人的關注;它具有攸關世局的重要性,但卻經常受到忽略。隨著那次初訪而來的,是作者畢生對這個國家的迷戀。時至今日,俄羅斯以不同方式對歐洲構成威脅,而羅馬尼亞正是理解這個局面的關鍵要素。


《歐洲暗影》行文風格明快有力,融合回憶錄、旅行誌、報導文學、歷史書寫等元素,是作者醞釀三十年而成的大師之作,完整呈現一名青年記者力求成長、一個弱勢國家奮力向上的歷程,將一個外來個體的身影與一個在地國族的命運巧妙地交織在一起。從地緣特質、帝國主義、納粹大屠殺、冷戰,到國際關係中扮演的角色,作者透過羅馬尼亞這面透鏡,檢視諸多影響深遠的議題。


在本書中,卡普蘭詳細闡明拉丁化的西歐與希臘化的東歐如何鎔冶出羅馬尼亞,以及包括拜占庭帝國、鄂圖曼帝國、奧地利哈布斯堡王朝、俄羅斯沙皇國,希特勒納粹德國、共產蘇聯,以至現代的俄羅斯與歐盟,是如何從各個方方面面影響羅馬尼亞的盛衰起伏。這是位處地緣敏感帶國家的宿命,但也是她的機會。


透過卡普蘭的筆尖,羅馬尼亞的過去與現在化成本書中一頁頁鮮活而優美的散文,讓一個又一個電影畫面般的場景躍然紙上:冷戰期間那些神情枯槁、在冷風中排隊買麵包的布加勒斯特民眾;千百年間被入侵者蹂躪成一片荒蕪的柏勒甘大草原;宏偉地矗立在外西凡尼亞及馬拉穆列什地區的哥德式教堂尖頂……卡普蘭時而同過去的偉大思想家們對話,時而與今日的羅馬尼亞民眾交談;於是我們看到,這群人是如何在這個俄羅斯重新崛起的時代,致力讓人文主義的火焰持續發光。


【國際書評】


一部聲勢浩大的文化性及政治性旅行書寫,讓羅馬尼亞錯綜複雜的過去及混沌迷離的現在鮮活地躍然眼前,展現全新的急迫性。

——柯林.施伯龍(Colin Thubron),《走進西藏聖山》作者


羅柏.卡普蘭擁有令人讚佩的能力,可以將目光伸展到地緣政治的天際。現在他把注意力轉移到歐洲的邊陲要地,位於巴爾幹及日益復興的俄羅斯之間的羅馬尼亞。在這場穿越書本、地景、歷史的三重旅行中,作者剖析地理的意義、知識分子的影響力、民族主義的癡狂及力量……坦白、深刻,充滿犀利洞見,及時問世的好書。

——查爾斯.金(Charles King),美國喬治城大學國際事務教授,《午夜的佩拉皇宮:近代伊斯坦堡的誕生》作者


若想評鑑當代羅馬尼亞的千姿百態,羅柏.卡普蘭這本書具有無與倫比的價值。做為一名深入當地脈絡的外來者,作者對羅馬尼亞進行了結合博學與權威性的深入分析。他的思考靈光閃爍,引人遐思,從歷史及地景擷取無盡靈感,捕捉到這個國家及其人民的DNA。

——丹尼斯.德勒藤特(Dennis Deletant),美國喬治城大學伊凡.拉邱講座客座教授,倫敦大學學院名譽教授


一部動人的作品。一本照亮視野、充滿悲憫之情的指南,帶引讀者穿梭在迷宮般的羅馬尼亞歷史中,探究那個盤繞糾結、充滿創傷的過往……《歐洲暗影》描述了許多我們絕不能忽略的黑暗而悽慘的時刻,但同時卻洋溢希望,傳達出美好願景與不斷重生的訊息。

——弗拉基米爾.提斯馬內亞努(Vladimir Tismăneanu),美國馬里蘭大學政治學教授


卡普蘭有如一把火炬,為我們照亮羅馬尼亞及東歐各國人民不可思議的旅程,探索二次大戰結束後數十年間蘇聯專制造成的悲劇,以及這些國家如何能透過加入北約組織及歐盟,享有更富於希望、更民主的未來。卡普蘭緊密交織錯綜複雜的歷史、宗教、記憶及政治思想,展現出極難有人與其匹敵的論述功力。

——尼古拉斯.伯恩斯(Nicholas Burns),美國哈佛大學甘迺迪學院教授,前政治事務副國務卿 



出版社 馬可孛羅 (城邦)

Robert D. Kaplan
“The side that knows when to fight and when not will take the victory. There are roadways not to be traveled, armies not to be attacked, walled cities not to be assaulted.” —Sun-Tzu


We live in dangerous times, when a new kind of leadership is required. Visionary and ruthlessly strategic, Warrior Politics extracts the best of the wisdom of the ages for modern leaders who are faced with the complex life-and-death challenges of today’s world—and determined to win.
Sun-Tzu urges leaders to “plan and calculate like a hungry man.” Machiavelli defines a policy not by its excellence but by its outcome. Churchill derives his greatness from his imagination of history. Livy shows that the vigor to face down adversaries must ultimately come from pride in our own past achievements. “Never mind if they call your caution timidity, your wisdom sloth, your generosity weakness,” he writes. “It is better that a wise enemy should fear you than that foolish friends should praise.” “Men often oppose a thing merely because they have no agency in planning it,” Alexander Hamilton says, “or because it may have been planned by those whom they dislike.”
Replete with maxims, warnings, examples from history, and shrewd recommendations, Warrior Politics wrests from the past the lessons we need to arm ourselves for the present. It offers an invaluable template for any decision-maker—in foreign policy or in business—faced with high stakes and inadequate knowledge of a mine-filled terrain. As we gear ourselves up for a new kind of war, no book is more prescient, more shrewd, or more essential.


From the Hardcover edition.
Robert D. Kaplan
A bracing assessment of U.S. foreign policy and world disorder over the past two decades, anchored by a major new Pentagon-commissioned essay about changing power dynamics among China, Eurasia, and America—from the renowned geopolitical analyst and bestselling author of The Revenge of Geography and The Coming Anarchy.

In the late thirteenth century, Marco Polo began a decades-long trek from Venice to China. The strength of that Silk Road—the trade route between Europe and Asia—was a foundation of Kublai Khan’s sprawling empire. Now, in the early twenty-first century, the Chinese regime has proposed a land-and-maritime Silk Road that duplicates exactly the route Marco Polo traveled.

In the major lead essay, recently released by the Pentagon’s Office of Net Assessment, Robert D. Kaplan lays out a blueprint of the world’s changing power politics that recalls the late thirteenth century. As Europe fractures from changes in culture and migration, Eurasia coheres into a single conflict system. China is constructing a land bridge to Europe. Iran and India are trying to link the oil fields of Central Asia to the Indian Ocean. America’s ability to influence the power balance in Eurasia is declining.

This is Kaplan’s first collection of essays since his classic The Coming Anarchy was published in 2000. Drawing on decades of firsthand experience as a foreign correspondent and military embed for The Atlantic, as well as encounters with preeminent realist thinkers, Kaplan outlines the timeless principles that should shape America’s role in a turbulent world: a respect for the limits of Western-style democracy; a delineation between American interests and American values; an awareness of the psychological toll of warfare; a projection of power via a strong navy; and more.

From Kaplan’s immediate thoughts on President Trump (“On Foreign Policy, Donald Trump Is No Realist,” 2016) to a frank examination of what will happen in the event of war with North Korea (“When North Korea Falls,” 2006), The Return of Marco Polo’s World is a vigorous and honest reckoning with the difficult choices the United States will face in the years ahead.

“These essays constitute a truly pathbreaking, brilliant synthesis and analysis of geographic, political, technological, and economic trends with far-reaching consequences. The Return of Marco Polo’s World is another work by Robert D. Kaplan that will be regarded as a classic.”—General David Petraeus (U.S. Army, Ret.)
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