Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems, Second Edition: Edition 2

CRC Press
3
Free sample

In terms of simple and complex systems, it is a whole new world out there. At the initial publication of this book, fourteen years ago, the web was in its infancy, DVDs did not exist, cell phones were few and far between, and the information superhighway was just a blip upon the horizon. If you used the terms "social engineering," you were most likely a political scientist, and if you were "phishing" you might be listening to a rock band.

The second edition of a bestseller, Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems provides the necessary understanding of the breadth and depth of human factors issues that influence the design, implementation, and evaluation of products and systems. Emphasizing the close relationship between basic theory and application, the authors delineate a framework for the research process, present an integrated view of the current state of knowledge, and examine how these factors can be applied to system design. The new edition addresses such concepts as situation awareness and highlights topics of interest, with a special focus on computer applications and human-computer interaction.

See what’s new in the Second Edition

  • New topics, such as situational awareness, that capture the tremendous changes in human factors and ergonomics
  • Tightly integrates basic research and application, strengthening the link between knowledge and practice
  • Each chapter includes a separate box that discusses a topic of current interest related to human interaction with computers and recent technology

Demonstrating a general approach to solving a broad range of system problems, the book provides coverage of the theoretical foundation on which the discipline of human factors is built. Structured around human information processing, it covers the full range of contemporary human factors and ergonomics, then shows you how to apply them.

Read more

Reviews

5.0
3 total
Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
CRC Press
Read more
Published on
Apr 22, 2008
Read more
Pages
696
Read more
ISBN
9781420063608
Read more
Read more
Best For
Read more
Language
English
Read more
Genres
Computers / Social Aspects / Human-Computer Interaction
Technology & Engineering / Automation
Technology & Engineering / Engineering (General)
Technology & Engineering / Industrial Health & Safety
Read more
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more
Eligible for Family Library

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
Robert W. Proctor
Although some of Bob's stories are distinctly lighthearted, much of his writing is infused with issues of violence and the darker nature of mankind as he experienced them in war and civil strife in many parts of the world. And there is an underlying, basically unspoken message in his writings. Bob considers it a universal truth that one must examine every contour, every edge, every excrescence of the horrors of darkness and conflict. Only then, he believes, will it be possible to truly appreciate enlightenment and compassion.


Book Reviews

5 Stars -- Perceptive tales of the quixotic third world, no matter the setting.

True to real life, the gods ordained few blissful endings in this compendium of stories centered on the quixotic third world. Some of the stories indeed have no ending at all, but leave the reader in agonized suspense. Acrophobes will shiver at the prospect of the narrator stranded on a high rock in "The Top" as night falls in the desert and the cold air settles in. Claustrophobes will wince at the underwater access to "The Cave" beneath a limestone karst in Laos.

The description of the Commandant at Kisangani in what was then Zaire is typical of officious persons of power who abound abroad. The Commandant was "subject to no laws except the `law' possessed by automatic weapons casually wielded by personal guards His French, though passable, was really a mélange of a Franco-Belge patois and Lingala, the prevailing language of the Congolese military throughout Zaire. His reputation of cruelty and venality was no secret."

Many of the themes are dark. Perhaps the darkest is the frightening raid by the Katmandu moral police on the Bibi Ghar. While the police brutally beat a libertine, his friend and co-conspirator exercises the classic Chinese choice "Of all the 36 alternatives, running away is the best."

Many of the themes are dark. Perhaps the darkest is the frightening raid by the Katmandu moral police on the Bibi Ghar. While the police brutally beat a libertine, his friend and co-conspirator exercises the classic Chinese choice "Of all the 36 alternatives, running away is the best."

-- Thomas J. Barnes

5 Stars -- "I prefer Robert Proctor to James Bond"

Robert Proctor is a diplomat. He has no license to kill. He toodles around on a Honda motor bike. But whether he is on a rescue in Zaire or awaiting a terrorist explosion at an ill concieved beauty contest, Robert Proctor displays an uncommon bravery. When he contemplates a letter from a woman whose heart he has broken, the understanding he displays is profound. Often his writing is funny as it is moving.The best thing about his writing is it touches on the human condition; the ability to be both senselessly cruel and bravely heroic. Robert Proctor is no James bond; he fumbles and falls. He is human. And I love his stories.

--Sirena Gibson "Scarlet" (New Mexico)

4 Stars -- Tales of service and adventure

It is not easy to be a diplomat, but the lives of those who are in the position of interpreting American life to the country to which they are assigned deserve the attention of those they represent. Often they are on their own, and often they are called on to do things that go far beyond their duty. Sometimes these involve things of which they personally and professionally disapprove.

Bob Proctor's book is more than a personal reflection. It is philosophically interesting and can help shape our understanding of diplomacy, and what we can expect of it. It is a call to personal and national integrity. The book is well written, intellectually honest. It probably should be read by those who want to grow intellectually. Bob reminds us time and again that he was trained as an English teacher, and I must confess that even with my educational background, I had to look up some words. Still
Nick Bostrom
The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
Kim-Phuong L. Vu
The Handbook of Human Factors in Web Design covers basic human factors issues relating to screen design, input devices, and information organization and processing, as well as addresses newer features which will become prominent in the next generation of Web technologies. These include multimodal interfaces, wireless capabilities, and agents that can improve convenience and usability. Written by leading researchers and/or practitioners in the field, this volume reflects the varied backgrounds and interests of individuals involved in all aspects of human factors and Web design and includes chapters on a full range of topics.

Divided into 12 sections, this book covers: historical backgrounds and overviews of Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE)
specific subfields of HFE issues involved in content preparation for the Web information search and interactive information agents designing for universal access and specific user populations the importance of incorporating usability evaluations in the design process task analysis, meaning analysis, and performance modeling
specific Web applications in academic and industrial settings Web psychology and information security emerging technological developments and applications for the Web the costs and benefits of incorporating human factors for the Web and the state of current guidelines

The Handbook of Human Factors in Web Design is intended for researchers and practitioners concerned with all aspects of Web design. It could also be used as a text for advanced courses in computer science, industrial engineering, and psychology.

Robert W. Proctor
Understanding of the factors that influence stimulus-response (S-R) compatibility and determine when and how compatibility effects will arise is a necessary foundation for appropriately applying compatibility principles in design and for evaluating the relative compatibility of alternative designs. Summarizing the state of contemporary knowledge regarding determinants of compatibility, Stimulus-Response Compatibility Principles: Data, Theory, and Application provides thorough, up-to-date coverage of basic and applied research coupled with an emphasis on relating this knowledge to specific design guidelines.

Examining a broad range of theoretical and applied issues from the compatibility perspective, the authors review basic research devoted to theoretical issues concerning S-R compatibility in particular and the relation between perception and action more generally. They cover effects of different S-R mappings in simple and complex tasks, factors that influence response-selection efficiency, correspondence effects of irrelevant stimulus information, compatibility effects for multiple and orthogonal dimensions, consequences of mixing mappings and tasks, practice and transfer effects, compatibility effects in multiple-task performance, and direction of motion stereotypes. The authors provide a thorough treatment of alternative views, contrasting and comparing their strengths and weaknesses. They provide guidelines that incorporate current knowledge about compatibility effects.

Previous books on S-R compatibility have been edited works that contained detailed descriptions of the findings of various research programs across the world. Consequently, those books do not provide a cohesive overview of the range of research on compatibility effects, and the treatments they provide are not easy to comprehend by individuals who lack a background in the area. Making information accessible to a broad range of researchers and practitioners, this text organizes, summarizes, and integrates the vast amount of knowledge concerning S-R compatibility.
Robert W. Proctor
Although some of Bob's stories are distinctly lighthearted, much of his writing is infused with issues of violence and the darker nature of mankind as he experienced them in war and civil strife in many parts of the world. And there is an underlying, basically unspoken message in his writings. Bob considers it a universal truth that one must examine every contour, every edge, every excrescence of the horrors of darkness and conflict. Only then, he believes, will it be possible to truly appreciate enlightenment and compassion.


Book Reviews

5 Stars -- Perceptive tales of the quixotic third world, no matter the setting.

True to real life, the gods ordained few blissful endings in this compendium of stories centered on the quixotic third world. Some of the stories indeed have no ending at all, but leave the reader in agonized suspense. Acrophobes will shiver at the prospect of the narrator stranded on a high rock in "The Top" as night falls in the desert and the cold air settles in. Claustrophobes will wince at the underwater access to "The Cave" beneath a limestone karst in Laos.

The description of the Commandant at Kisangani in what was then Zaire is typical of officious persons of power who abound abroad. The Commandant was "subject to no laws except the `law' possessed by automatic weapons casually wielded by personal guards His French, though passable, was really a mélange of a Franco-Belge patois and Lingala, the prevailing language of the Congolese military throughout Zaire. His reputation of cruelty and venality was no secret."

Many of the themes are dark. Perhaps the darkest is the frightening raid by the Katmandu moral police on the Bibi Ghar. While the police brutally beat a libertine, his friend and co-conspirator exercises the classic Chinese choice "Of all the 36 alternatives, running away is the best."

Many of the themes are dark. Perhaps the darkest is the frightening raid by the Katmandu moral police on the Bibi Ghar. While the police brutally beat a libertine, his friend and co-conspirator exercises the classic Chinese choice "Of all the 36 alternatives, running away is the best."

-- Thomas J. Barnes

5 Stars -- "I prefer Robert Proctor to James Bond"

Robert Proctor is a diplomat. He has no license to kill. He toodles around on a Honda motor bike. But whether he is on a rescue in Zaire or awaiting a terrorist explosion at an ill concieved beauty contest, Robert Proctor displays an uncommon bravery. When he contemplates a letter from a woman whose heart he has broken, the understanding he displays is profound. Often his writing is funny as it is moving.The best thing about his writing is it touches on the human condition; the ability to be both senselessly cruel and bravely heroic. Robert Proctor is no James bond; he fumbles and falls. He is human. And I love his stories.

--Sirena Gibson "Scarlet" (New Mexico)

4 Stars -- Tales of service and adventure

It is not easy to be a diplomat, but the lives of those who are in the position of interpreting American life to the country to which they are assigned deserve the attention of those they represent. Often they are on their own, and often they are called on to do things that go far beyond their duty. Sometimes these involve things of which they personally and professionally disapprove.

Bob Proctor's book is more than a personal reflection. It is philosophically interesting and can help shape our understanding of diplomacy, and what we can expect of it. It is a call to personal and national integrity. The book is well written, intellectually honest. It probably should be read by those who want to grow intellectually. Bob reminds us time and again that he was trained as an English teacher, and I must confess that even with my educational background, I had to look up some words. Still
Robert W. Proctor
The study of science, sometimes referred to as metascience, is a new and growing field that includes the philosophy of science, history of science, sociology of science, and anthropology of science. In the last ten years, the formal study of the psychology of science has also emerged. The psychology of science focuses on the individual scientist, influenced by intelligence, motivation, personality, and the development of scientific interest, thought, ability, and achievement over a lifespan. Science can be defined as explicitly and systematically testing hypotheses. Defined more broadly, science includes wider processes, such as theory construction and the hypothesis testing seen in children and "non-scientific" adults. Most prior work in the study of science has emphasized the role of explicit reasoning; however, contemporary research in psychology emphasizes the importance of implicit processes in decision-making and choice and assumes that the performance of many tasks involves a complex relationship between implicit and explicit processes. Psychology of Science brings together contributions from leaders in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science with other experts on the roles of implicit and explicit processes in thinking. Highlighting the role of implicit processes in the creation of scientific knowledge, this volume links the psychology of science to many strands of psychology , including cognitive, social, and developmental psychology, as well as neuroscience. Ultimately, this volume raises awareness of the psychology of science among psychologists, philosophers, and sociologists of science, and anyone interested in the metasciences.
Robert W. Proctor
Cultural factors, in both the narrow sense of different national, racial, and ethnic groups, and in the broader sense of different groups of any type, play major roles in individual and group decisions. Written by an international, interdisciplinary group of experts, Cultural Factors in Systems Design: Decision Making and Action explores innovations in the understanding of how cultural differences influence decision making and action. Reflecting the diverse interests and viewpoints that characterize the current state of decision making and cultural research, the chapter authors represent a variety of disciplines and specialize in areas ranging from basic decision processes of individuals, to decisions made in teams and large organizations, to cultural influences on behavior.

Balancing theoretical and practical perspectives, the book explores why the best laid plans go awry, examining conditions that can yield unanticipated behaviors from complex, adaptive sociotechnical systems. It highlights the different ways in which East Asians and Westerners make decisions and explores how to model and investigate cultural influences in interpersonal interactions, social judgment, and decision making. The book also reviews decision field theory and examines its implications for cross cultural decision making.

With increasing globalization of organizations and interactions among people from various cultures, a better understanding of how cultural factors influence decision making and action is a necessity. Much is known about decision processes, culture and cognition, design of products and interfaces for human interaction with machines and organizational processes, however this knowledge is dispersed across several disciplines and research areas. Presenting a range of current research and new ideas, this volume brings together previously scattered research and explores how to apply it when designing systems that will be used by individuals of varied backgrounds.

Addie Johnson
Skill Acquisition and Training describes the building blocks of cognitive, motor, and teamwork skills, and the factors to take into account in training them. The basic processes of perception, cognition and action that provide the foundation for understanding skilled performance are discussed in the context of complex task requirements, individual differences, and extreme environmental demands. The role of attention in perceiving, selecting, and becoming aware of information, in learning new information, and in performance is described in the context of specific skills.

A theme throughout this book is that much learning is implicit; the types of knowledge and relations that can profitably be learned implicitly and the conditions under which this learning benefits performance are discussed. The question of whether skill acquisition in cognitive domains shares underlying mechanisms with the acquisition of perceptual and motor skills is also addressed with a view to identifying commonalities that allow for widely applicable, general theories of skill acquisition. Because the complexity of real-world environments puts demands on the individual to adapt to new circumstances, the question of how skills research can be applied to organizational training contexts is an important one. To address this, this book dedicates much content to practical applications, covering such issues as how training needs can be captured with task and job analyses and how to maximize training transfer by taking trainee self-efficacy and goal orientation into account.

This comprehensive yet readable textbook is optimized for students of cognitive psychology looking to understand the intricacies of skill acquisition.

©2018 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.